Yıl 2018, Cilt 15, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 127 - 133 2018-06-30

Bitkilerinin Azot Beslenmesi: Toprak Azotu Karşısında Gübre Azotu
Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen

Bijay SINGH [1] , Mustafa Ali KAPTAN [2] , Gönül AYDIN [3] , Mehmet AYDIN [4] , Seçil KÜÇÜK KAYA [5] , Özlem ÜSTÜNDAĞ [6] , Saime SEFEROĞLU [7]

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Yönetilmeyen ekosistemlerde, organik maddenin mineralizasyonu yoluyla salınan toprak azotu (N) bitkiler için N kaynağı oluşturmaktadır. Tarım ekosistemlerinde, topraktan kaldırılan N' u telafi etmek için mineral gübreler veya organik gübreler uygulanmaktadır. N gübresinin uygun bir şekilde ve zamanında uygulanması, üretim maliyetlerini azaltmak, N gübresinin fazla kullanılması ve olası çevresel etkilerin azaltılması için önemlidir. 15N etiketli gübreler kullanılarak yapılmış çalışmalarla, bitki N içeriğinin büyük bir kısmının toprak azotundan geldiği ikna edici bir şekilde kanıtlanmıştır. Böylece, toprak Nu, bitkilerinin N ihtiyacının karşılanmasında hayati bir rol oynamakta ve uygulanan N’lu gübre, verimliliği belirlemektedir. Toprağın toplam N içeriğine kıyasla nispeten çok az olan alınabilir N havuzunun büyüklüğü, bitkinin yeterli N beslenmesini yada toprak- bitki sisteminden N kaybını belirler. Azotlu gübreleme ile doğrudan mevcut alınabilir N havuzuna katkıda bulunulması ve toprak organik madde havuzuna N ikame edilmesi, bitkinin N ihtiyacı ile toprak ve gübrenin N arzı arasındaki senkronizasyon ilkelerini izleyen alana özgü spesifik N yönetimi, yüksek azotlu gübre kullanım etkinliğine neden olabilir. Serin iklim tahıllarında alana özgü spesifik N yönetiminde, klorofil metre, yaprak renk şeması, optik sensörler veya hareketli bitki algılama sensörleri gibi aygıtların kullanılması sonucunda daha az azotlu gübre ile aynı verim değerleri elde edilmiş ancak N kullanım etkinliği artmış ve çevreye karışan N kayıplarının azaldığı tespit edilmiştir.

In unmanaged ecosystems, soil nitrogen (N) released through mineralization of organic matter constitutes the source of N for the plants. In agro-ecosystems, N is applied additionally as mineral or organic fertilizers in order to compensate N which is removed with products. Adequate and timely application of fertilizer N as dictated that by contribution of soil N to crop production is important for minimizing production costs from overuse of N fertilizer and for reducing possible environmental impacts. Using 15N-labelled fertilizers, it has now been convincingly proved that majority of the plant N comes from the soil N. Thus, soil N plays a vital role in supplying N to crop plants and dictates the efficiency of applied fertilizer N.  Size of available N pool, though relatively small as compared to total soil N, throughout the crop growth season determines whether crop gets adequate N nutrition or N is lost from the soil-plant system.  As fertilizer N contributes directly to available N pool and by N substitution to the soil organic matter pool, N management at that point following the principles of synchrony between crop N need and application of N through soil and fertilizer N can lead to high fertilizer NUE (nitrogen use efficiency). Evaluation of site-based N management in cereals using gadgets like chlorophyll meter, leaf colour chart or optical sensors or OTG (on the go) crop sensing spreaders revealed that same yields can be achieved with less N fertilizer applied but with enhanced fertilizer NUE and diminished losses of N to the environment.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Dergi Bölümü Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5972-0163
Yazar: Bijay SINGH
Ülke: India


Orcid: 0000-0001-9532-0717
Yazar: Mustafa Ali KAPTAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4492-1982
Yazar: Gönül AYDIN
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3170-9154
Yazar: Mehmet AYDIN

Orcid: 0000-0003-2494-8616
Yazar: Seçil KÜÇÜK KAYA

Orcid: 0000-0002-5516-5385
Yazar: Özlem ÜSTÜNDAĞ

Orcid: 0000-0003-3550-5562
Yazar: Saime SEFEROĞLU

Bibtex @derleme { aduziraat393466, journal = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7787}, address = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {15}, pages = {127 - 133}, doi = {10.25308/aduziraat.393466}, title = {Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen}, key = {cite}, author = {ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Özlem and KÜÇÜK KAYA, Seçil and SEFEROĞLU, Saime and KAPTAN, Mustafa Ali and AYDIN, Mehmet and AYDIN, Gönül and SINGH, Bijay} }
APA SINGH, B , KAPTAN, M , AYDIN, G , AYDIN, M , KÜÇÜK KAYA, S , ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Ö , SEFEROĞLU, S . (2018). Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 15 (1), 127-133. DOI: 10.25308/aduziraat.393466
MLA SINGH, B , KAPTAN, M , AYDIN, G , AYDIN, M , KÜÇÜK KAYA, S , ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Ö , SEFEROĞLU, S . "Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2018): 127-133 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/aduziraat/issue/38785/393466>
Chicago SINGH, B , KAPTAN, M , AYDIN, G , AYDIN, M , KÜÇÜK KAYA, S , ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Ö , SEFEROĞLU, S . "Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2018): 127-133
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen AU - Bijay SINGH , Mustafa Ali KAPTAN , Gönül AYDIN , Mehmet AYDIN , Seçil KÜÇÜK KAYA , Özlem ÜSTÜNDAĞ , Saime SEFEROĞLU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.393466 DO - 10.25308/aduziraat.393466 T2 - Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 127 EP - 133 VL - 15 IS - 1 SN - 1304-7787- M3 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.393466 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.393466 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen %A Bijay SINGH , Mustafa Ali KAPTAN , Gönül AYDIN , Mehmet AYDIN , Seçil KÜÇÜK KAYA , Özlem ÜSTÜNDAĞ , Saime SEFEROĞLU %T Nitrogen Nutrition of Crop Plants: Soil Nitrogen Vis-À-Vis Fertilizer Nitrogen %D 2018 %J Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-7787- %V 15 %N 1 %R doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.393466 %U 10.25308/aduziraat.393466
ISNAD SINGH, Bijay , KAPTAN, Mustafa Ali , AYDIN, Gönül , AYDIN, Mehmet , KÜÇÜK KAYA, Seçil , ÜSTÜNDAĞ, Özlem , SEFEROĞLU, Saime . "Bitkilerinin Azot Beslenmesi: Toprak Azotu Karşısında Gübre Azotu". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 / 1 (Haziran 2018): 127-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.393466