Yıl 2018, Cilt 15, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 87 - 93 2018-12-31

Biochar; Definition, Utilization and Effects on Agricultural Soils
Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri

Elif GÜNAL [1] , Halil ERDEM [2]

18 152

Carbon rich solid materials produced by thermo-chemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen limited environment is defined as biochar. The impact of biodiversity on soil fertility and plant growth is determined by the interactions among characteristics of biochars and amended soil, application rate and requirements of crops grown. However, many reports have been published indicating that biochar can directly or indirectly influence physical, chemical and biological properties of soils due to high pH, porous structure and large surface charge. Ability to adsorb phytotoxic organic molecules with its high surface charge and surface area and to suppress soil-borne pathogens can be considered as positive effects of biochar on plant production. In this review, remarkable findings of 50 studies conducted on investigating the biochar use on agricultural fields particularly effects on soil fertility and crop productivity have been summarized, compared and discussed.

Biyokütlenin oksijenin sınırlı olduğu bir ortamda termo-kimyasal dönüşümü işlemi ile elde edilen karbon (C) bakımından zengin katı materyaller biyokömür olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Biyokömürün toprak verimliliği ve bitki gelişimi üzerine etkisi, biyokömürün ve uygulanan toprağın özellikleri, uygulama dozu ve uygulanan ürünün isteklerinin karşılıklı etkileşimleri tarafından belirlenmektedir. Ancak, biyokömürün yüksek pH’sı, gözenekli yapısı ve yüksek yüzey yükü nedeni ile toprağın fiziksel, kimyasal ve biyolojik özellikleri üzerine doğrudan veya dolaylı yollarla etki ettiğini rapor eden çok sayıda araştırma yayınlanmıştır. Bunlara ilaveten biyokömürün yüksek yük yoğunluğu ve yüzey alanı ile fitotoksik organik molekülleri adsorbe edebilmesi ve toprak kökenli patojenleri baskılaması da bitkisel üretimdeki olumlu etkileri arasında sayılabilir. Bu derlemede, biyokömürün tarım arazilerindeki kullanımını özellikle de toprak verimliliği ve ürün verimini konu eden 51 adet araştırmanın dikkate değer bulguları özetlenerek karşılaştırılmış ve tartışılmıştır.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Yayımlanma Tarihi Aralık
Dergi Bölümü Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-0624-2919
Yazar: Elif GÜNAL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3296-1549
Yazar: Halil ERDEM
Kurum: Gaziosmanpaşa Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @derleme { aduziraat405858, journal = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7787}, address = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {15}, pages = {87 - 93}, doi = {10.25308/aduziraat.405858}, title = {Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {GÜNAL, Elif and ERDEM, Halil} }
APA GÜNAL, E , ERDEM, H . (2018). Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 15 (2), 87-93. DOI: 10.25308/aduziraat.405858
MLA GÜNAL, E , ERDEM, H . "Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2018): 87-93 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/aduziraat/issue/41827/405858>
Chicago GÜNAL, E , ERDEM, H . "Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 (2018): 87-93
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri AU - Elif GÜNAL , Halil ERDEM Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.405858 DO - 10.25308/aduziraat.405858 T2 - Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 87 EP - 93 VL - 15 IS - 2 SN - 1304-7787- M3 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.405858 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.405858 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri %A Elif GÜNAL , Halil ERDEM %T Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri %D 2018 %J Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-7787- %V 15 %N 2 %R doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.405858 %U 10.25308/aduziraat.405858
ISNAD GÜNAL, Elif , ERDEM, Halil . "Biyokömür; Tanımı, Kullanımı ve Tarım Topraklarındaki Etkileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 15 / 2 (Aralık 2019): 87-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.405858