Yıl 2017, Cilt 5, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 139 - 166 2017-12-28

Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints

Manolya Aksatan [1] , Zehra Gökçe Sel [2]

120 144

There are many people around the world who have different types of disabilities. Understanding their needs is the first step of developing policies to increase their quality of life and satisfaction. Leisure is an essential need of disabled people and it plays an important role in disabled people’s lives. The purpose of this study is to gain a deep understanding on the serious leisure activities of people with orthopedic impairment, and also both benefits and constraints involved with serious leisure. Therefore, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 17 people who have orthopedic impairment. The data collected through interviews was analyzed by using a coding process. Findings of the study indicate that people with orthopedic impairment pursue many leisure activities. The research revealed that the participants were aware of significant individual and community benefits of serious leisure activities. Although the benefits of leisure for private and community life are obvious for people with orthopedic impairment, it is not always easy for them to pursue serious leisure activities. Disabled people recognize that there are many constraints involved with serious leisure. Based on the findings, these constraints are explained as psychological factors, family support, level of orthopedic impairment, community awareness and environmental factors, work and income. 
Serious leisure, Leisure constraints, Orthopedic impairment
  • Aitchison, C. (2003). From leisure and disability to disability leisure: developing data, definitions and discourses. Disability & Society, 18 (7), 955-969.
  • Aitchison, C. (2009). Exclusive discourses: leisure studies and disability. Leisure Studies, 28 (4), 375-386.
  • Akyıldız Munusturlar, M. (2016). Examination of the serious leisure, leisure satisfaction and quality of life of people with physical disabilities. Sport Science, 11 (9), 23-38.
  • Albrecht, G. L., & Devlieger, P. J. (1999). The disability paradox: high quality of life against all odd. Social Sciences & Medicine, 48, 977-988.
  • Alwis, Y., & Horridge, K. (2016). Safeguarding disabled children and young people, Paediatrics and Child Health, 26 (11), 488-492.
  • Badia, M., Orgaz, B. M., Verdugo, M. A., Ullán, A. M., & Martínez, M. M. (2011). Personal factors and perceived barriers to participation in leisure activities for young and adults with developmental disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (6), 2055-2063.
  • Bedini, L. A. (2000). Just sit down so we can talk: Perceived stigma and the pursuit of community recreation for people with disabilities. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 34, 55-68.
  • Bergier, B., Bergier, J., & Kubińska, Z. (2010). Environmental determinants of participation in tourism and recreation of people with varying degrees of disability. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 73 (17-18), 1134-1140.
  • Bergier, B., Kubińska, Z., & Bergier, J. (2013). Interests and needs for participation in tourism among disabled from eastern regions of Poland. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 20 (4), 807–811.
  • Burcu, E. (2006). Özürlülük kimliği ve etiketlemenin kişisel ve sosyal söylemleri [Personal and social discourses of disability identity and labelling]. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi, 23 (2), 61-83.
  • Burns, N., Paterson, K., & Watson, N. (2009). An inclusive outdoors? Disabled people’s experiences of countryside leisure services. Leisure Studies, 28 (4), 403-417.
  • Burns, N., Watson, N., & Paterson, K. (2013). Risky bodies in risky spaces: disabled people’s pursuit of outdoor leisure. Disability & Society, 28 (8), 1059-1073.
  • Burns, R. C., & Graefe, A. R. (2007). Constraints to outdoor recreation: Exploring the effects of disabilities on perceptions and participation. Journal of Leisure Research, 39 (1), 156-181.
  • Çağlar, S. (2012). Engellilerin erişebilirlik hakkı ve Türkiye’de erişebilirlikleri [Right of accessibility for persons with disabilities and accessibility in Turkey]. Ankara Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi, 61 (2), 541-598.
  • Caldwell, L. L. (2005). Leisure and health: why is leisure therapeutic?. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 33 (1), 7-26.
  • Celik, G., Tercan, E., & Yerlisu-Lapa, T. (2014). Leisure constraints and leisure satisfaction in the recreational activities of employees with disabilities. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 36 (2), 33-46.
  • Chang, Y., & Chen, C. (2011). Identifying mobility service needs for disabled air passengers. Tourism Management, 32 (5), 1214-1217.
  • Corbin, J. M., & Strauss, A. (1990). Grounded theory research: Procedures, canons, and evaluative criteria. Qualitative Sociology, 13 (1), 3-21.
  • Coyne, I. T. (1997). Sampling in qualitative research. Purposeful and theoretical sampling; merging or clear boundaries? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 26 (3), 623-630.
  • Crawford, D., & Godbey, G. (1987). Reconceptualising barriers to family leisure. Leisure Sciences, 9, 119-127.
  • Cutcliffe, J. R. (2000). Methodological issues in grounded theory. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31 (6), 1476-1484.
  • Daniels, M. J., Drogin Rodgers, E. B., & Wiggins, B. P. (2005). “Travel Tales”: An interpretive analysis of constraints and negotiations to pleasure travel as experienced by persons with physical disabilities. Tourism Management, 26, 919- 930.
  • Evcil, A. N. (in press). Barriers and preferences to leisure activities for wheelchair users in historic places. Tourism Geographies. Doi: /10.1080/14616688.2017.1293721
  • García-Villamisar, D. A. & Dattilo, J. (2010). Effects of a leisure programme on quality of life and stress of individuals with ASD. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54 (7), 611-619.
  • Guttentag, D. A. (2010). Virtual reality: Applications and implications for tourism. Tourism Management, 31 (5), 637-651.
  • Hanna, W. J., & Rogovsky, B. (1991). Women with disabilities: Two handicaps plus. Disability, Handicap & Society, 6 (1), 49-63.
  • Houlihan, B. V., Drainoni, M., Warner, G., Nesathurai, S., Wierbicky, J., & Williams, S. (2003). The impact of Internet access for people with spinal cord injuries: a descriptive analysis of a pilot study. Disability and Rehabilitation, 25 (8), 422-431.
  • Jackson, E. L. (1999). Comment on Hawkins et al., "Leisure constraints: A replication and extension of construct development". Leisure Sciences, 21 (3), 195-199.
  • Jackson, E. L. (2000). Will research on leisure constraints still be relevant in the twentyfirst century?. Journal of Leisure Research, 32 (1), 62-68.
  • Kim, J., Kim, M., MaloneBeach, E., & Han, A. (2016). A study of health perception, disability acceptance, and life satisfaction based on types of leisure activity among Koreans with a physical disability. Applied Research Quality Life, 11, 791– 804.
  • Kinney, W. B., & Coyle, C. P. (1992). Predicting life satisfaction among adults with physical disabilities. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 73, 863-869.
  • Kızıltaş, M. (2012). Engellilerle 360 Derece İletişim: İnsan Kaynaklarında Engellilerle Doğru İletişim Metodları [360 Degree Communication with Disabled People: Correct Communication Methods with Disabled People in Human Resources]. Türkiye: Elma Yayınevi.
  • Law, M., King, G., King, S., Kertoy, M., Hurley, P., Rosenbaum, P., & Hanna, S. (2006). Patterns of participation in recreational and leisure activities among children with complex physical disabilities. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 48 (5), 337-342.
  • Martin, J. J. (2013). Benefits and barriers to physical activity for individuals with disabilities: a social-relational model of disability perspective. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35 (24), 2030-2037.
  • McLean, D. D. & Hurd, A. R. (2012). Kraus’ Recreation and Leisure in Modern Society. Ontario: Jones & Bartlett.
  • Miller, G. A. & Kirk, E. (2002). The Disability Discrimination Act: Time for the stick?. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 10 (1), 82-88. Pagán, R. (2013). Time allocation of disabled individuals. Social Science & Medicine, 84, 80- 93.
  • Patterson, I. (1997). Serious leisure as an alternative to a work career for people with disabilities. Australian Disability Review, 2, 20-28.
  • Patterson, I. R. (2000). Developing a meaningful identity for people with disabilities through serious leisure activities. World Leisure Journal, 2, 41–51.
  • Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage. Powrie, B., Kolehmainen, N., Turpin, M., Ziviani, J., & Copley, J. (2015). The meaning of leisure for children and young people with physical disabilities: a systematic evidence synthesis. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 57 (11), 993-1010.
  • Rimmer, J. H., Riley, B., Wang, E., Rauworth, A., & Jurkowski, J. (2004). Physical activity participation among persons with disabilities: barriers and facilitators. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 26 (5), 419-425
  • Smith, R. W. (1987). Leisure of disable tourists: barriers to participation. Annals of Tourism Research, 14 (3), 376-389.
  • Söderström, S. (2009). Offline social ties and online use of computers: A study of disabled youth and their use of ICT advances. New Media & Society, 11 (5), 709 - 727.
  • State Institute of Statistics (2009). Turkey Disability Survey-2002. Ankara: State Institute of Statistics, Printing Division.
  • Stebbins, R. A. (1982). Serious leisure: A conceptual statement. The Pacific Sociological Review, 25 (2), 251-272.
  • Stebbins, R. A. (1997). Casual leisure: a conceptual statement. Leisure Studies, 16 (1), 17-25.
  • Stebbins, R. A. (2005) Project-based leisure: theoretical neglect of a common use of free time. Leisure Studies, 24 (1), 1-11.
  • Taylor, Z., & Józefowicz, I. (2012). Intra-urban daily mobility of disabled people for recreational and leisure purposes. Journal of Transport Geography, 24, 155-172.
  • Tutuncu, O. (2017). Investigating the accessibility factors affecting hotel satisfaction of people with physical disabilities, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 65, 29-36.
  • Tutuncu, O., & Lieberman, L. (2016). Accessibility of hotels for people with visual impairments: From research to practice. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness (Online), 110 (3), 163-175.
  • Viemerö, V., & Krause, C. (1998). Quality of life in individuals with physical disabilities. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 67 (6), 317-322.
  • Weiss Tamar, P. L., Bialik, P., & Kizony, R. (2003). Virtual reality provides leisure time opportunities for young adults with physical and ıntellectual disabilities. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 6 (3), 335-342.
  • World Bank (2011). Main report (World report on disability). Washington: World Bank. Retrieved 1 February, 2016, from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/665131468331271288/Main-report
  • World Health Organization (2002). Proposed working definition of an older person in Africa for the MDS Project. Retrieved 27 November, 2017, from http://www.who.int/healthinfo/survey/ageingdefnolder/en/
  • Yeşilyurt, H., Kırlar, B., & Lale, C. (2014). Müzelerin sessiz ve karanlık dünyası: "Herkes için müzeler" mümkün mü? [The silent and dark world of museums: is "museums for all" possible?]. Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi, 2, 1-19.
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi

Yazar: Manolya Aksatan (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Zehra Gökçe Sel

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ahtr375469, journal = {Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR)}, issn = {2147-9100}, eissn = {2148-7316}, address = {Akdeniz Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {5}, pages = {139 - 166}, doi = {}, title = {Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints}, key = {cite}, author = {Sel, Zehra Gökçe and Aksatan, Manolya} }
APA Aksatan, M , Sel, Z . (2017). Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints. Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR), 5 (2), 139-166. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/ahtr/issue/33824/375469
MLA Aksatan, M , Sel, Z . "Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints". Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) 5 (2017): 139-166 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ahtr/issue/33824/375469>
Chicago Aksatan, M , Sel, Z . "Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints". Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) 5 (2017): 139-166
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints AU - Manolya Aksatan , Zehra Gökçe Sel Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 139 EP - 166 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - 2147-9100-2148-7316 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints %A Manolya Aksatan , Zehra Gökçe Sel %T Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints %D 2017 %J Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) %P 2147-9100-2148-7316 %V 5 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Aksatan, Manolya , Sel, Zehra Gökçe . "Serious Leisure and People with Orthopedic Impairment: Benefits and Constraints". Advances in Hospitality and Tourism Research (AHTR) 5 / 2 (Aralık 2017): 139-166.