Cilt 12, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 66 - 80 2015-11-07

Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East

Paul Kubicek [1]

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The 'Turkish model' has been upheld as a positive example for Middle Eastern countries, particularly in light of the Arab Spring. While Turkey is, in many respects, successful'it has a dynamic economy and in recent years has made great strides toward political liberalization' and the current Turkish government has high standing in the Arab world, this paper will argue that the applicability of a 'Turkish model' to other settings is limited. In part, this is due to confusion over what the 'Turkish model' precisely is or should be. For many years, the 'Turkish model' was taken to be Kemalism, or a statist, authoritarian, secular order imposed 'from above' with the goals of modernization and Westernization. More recently, the 'Turkish model' would mean embracing a more moderate-type of political Islam, exemplified by the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP). While the AKP has proven to be successful in Turkey, it came to power in conditions very different than those that prevail in the Arab world at present. In particular, the AKP has evolved to reconcile itself to secularism in Turkey and embraced a program of Europeanization through accession talks with the European Union, an option not on the table in Arab states. Finally, a comparison of the political culture of Turkey with that in much of the Arab world reveals significant differences in values and priorities between the two cases
Arab Spring, Democratization; Turkish model; political Islam
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Bibtex @ { alternatives20879, journal = {Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations}, issn = {2146-0809}, address = {Yalova Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {12}, pages = {66 - 80}, doi = {}, title = {Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Kubicek, Paul} }
APA Kubicek, P . (2015). Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East. Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations, 12 (3), 66-80. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/alternatives/issue/1691/20879
MLA Kubicek, P . "Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East". Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations 12 (2015): 66-80 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/alternatives/issue/1691/20879>
Chicago Kubicek, P . "Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East". Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations 12 (2015): 66-80
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East AU - Paul Kubicek Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 66 EP - 80 VL - 12 IS - 3 SN - 2146-0809-1303-5525 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East %A Paul Kubicek %T Debating the Merits of the 'Turkish Model for Democratization in the Middle East %D 2015 %J Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations %P 2146-0809-1303-5525 %V 12 %N 3 %R %U