Yıl 2009, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 114 - 135 2015-12-16
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## Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?

#### Amir M. Haji-Yousefi [1]

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After the American invasion of Iraq in 2003, it became evident that Iraq’s Shia majority would dominate
the future government if a free election was going to be held. In 2004, Jordan’s King Abdullah, anxiously
warned of the prospect of a “Shia crescent” spanning Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon. This idea was then
picked up by others in the Arab world, especially Egypt’s President Mubarak and some elements within
the Saudi government, to reaffirm the Iranian ambitions and portray its threats with regard to the Middle
East. This article seeks to unearth the main causes of promoting the idea of a revived Shiism by some
Arab countries, and argue that it was basically proposed out of the fear that what the American occupation
of Iraq unleashed in the region would drastically change the old Arab order in which Sunni governments
were dominant. While Iran downplayed the idea and perceived it as a new American conspiracy, it was
grabbed by the Bush administration to intensify its pressures on Iran. It also sought to rally support in the
Arab world for US Middle East policy in general, and its failed policy toward Iraq in particular. Thus, to
answer the above mentioned question, a close attention would be paid to both the Arab and Iranian
agenda in the Middle East after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in order to establish which entities
benefit most from the perception of a Shia crescent.

Birincil Dil en Articles Yazar: Amir M. Haji-Yousefi
 Bibtex @ { alternatives21089, journal = {Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations}, issn = {2146-0809}, eissn = {1303-5525}, address = {Yalova Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {8}, pages = {114 - 135}, doi = {}, title = {Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?}, key = {cite}, author = {Haji-Yousefi, Amir M.} } APA Haji-Yousefi, A . (2015). Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?. Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations, 8 (1), 114-135. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/alternatives/issue/1698/21089 MLA Haji-Yousefi, A . "Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?". Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations 8 (2015): 114-135 Chicago Haji-Yousefi, A . "Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?". Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations 8 (2015): 114-135 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent? AU - Amir M. Haji-Yousefi Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 114 EP - 135 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0809-1303-5525 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER - EndNote %0 Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent? %A Amir M. Haji-Yousefi %T Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent? %D 2015 %J Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations %P 2146-0809-1303-5525 %V 8 %N 1 %R %U ISNAD Haji-Yousefi, Amir M. . "Whose Agenda Is Served by the Idea of a Shia Crescent?". Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations 8 / 1 (Aralık 2015): 114-135.