Yıl 2015, Cilt 14, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 33 - 51 2015-12-26

Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia

Mehmet Ali Uğur [1] , Pinar İnce [2]

139 355

                            Although, resorting to violence in the name of Islam is not an entirely new phenomenon on its own, its share in the international relations literature has steadily increased after the 9/11 attacks. Studies conducted about the appearance, goals, organizational structures, and the means frequently resorted by the organizations that regard violence as a justifiable means in the name of Islam, have sought to better understand these organizations and offer projections as to how they could be convinced to put an end to their violent acts. This article aims to shed light onto root causes of the existence of one of the largest Islamic groups, Islamic Defenders Front (FPI – Front Pembela Islam), in a country with the largest Muslim population of the world, Indonesia. A thorough analysis of the organization’s discourse and its actions reveals three main reasons: the perception that Islam is threatened by global and local forces and therefore the faith should be protected, the demand that Sharia’s ‘universal’ laws should be implemented and enforced by the state, and the claim that they, in essence, support the state’s law enforcement officers in the fight against immorality, wrong deeds and heresy.

Islamic Defenders Front, FPI, Indonesia, Islam
  • Alex Schmid, Political Terrorism: A Research Guide to the Concepts, Theories, Databases and Literature, Amsterdam, North Holland Publishing, 1983.
  • Andrew Heywood, Küresel Siyaset, translated by Nasuh Uslu and Haluk Özdemir, Ankara, Adres Yayınları, 2013, pp. 341-345.
  • Mazen Hashem, ¨Contemporary Islamic Activism: The Shades of Praxis¨, Sociology of Religion, 2006, 67, 1, p. 25, (Online), http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3712418?sid=21104914380531&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739192, 20.11.2014.
  • Beril Dedeoğlu, ¨Bermuda Triangle: Comparing Official Definitions of Terrorist Activity¨, Terrorism and Political Violence, Volume 15, Issue 3, 2003, pp. 81-110, (Online) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09546550312331293147#.VJQ2usAgA , 19.12.2014.
  • Bernard Lewis, The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror, New York, Random House, 2004, pp. 23-25.
  • Ian Buruma, Avishai Margalit, Occidentalism: A Short History of Anti-Westernism, London, Atlantic Books, 2005.
  • Heywood, op.cit., p. 240. The resemblance between the anti-Western discourse of certain Muslim organizations and ‘You are either with us, or against us’ slogan of George W. Bush when he declared war on global terror is noteworthy.
  • ibid., pp. 228-53.
  • Simon Murden, ¨Culture in World Affairs¨, The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, Ed. John Baylis, Steve Smith, Patricia Owens, 4th ed., New York, Oxford University Press, 2008, p. 423-30.
  • James D. Kiras, ¨Terrorism and Globalization¨, The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations, Ed. John Baylis, Steve Smith, Patricia Owens, 4th ed., New York, Oxford University Press, 2008, p.375-6.
Konular
Dergi Bölümü Articles
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mehmet Ali Uğur

Yazar: Pinar İnce

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { alternatives280226, journal = {Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations}, issn = {2146-0809}, eissn = {1303-5525}, address = {Yalova Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {14}, pages = {33 - 51}, doi = {}, title = {Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia}, key = {cite}, author = {Uğur, Mehmet Ali and İnce, Pinar} }
APA Uğur, M , İnce, P . (2015). Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, 14 (1), 33-51. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/alternatives/issue/26678/280226
MLA Uğur, M , İnce, P . "Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 (2015): 33-51 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/alternatives/issue/26678/280226>
Chicago Uğur, M , İnce, P . "Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 (2015): 33-51
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia AU - Mehmet Ali Uğur , Pinar İnce Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 33 EP - 51 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 2146-0809-1303-5525 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Alternatives :Turkish Journal Of International Relations Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia %A Mehmet Ali Uğur , Pinar İnce %T Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia %D 2015 %J Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations %P 2146-0809-1303-5525 %V 14 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Uğur, Mehmet Ali , İnce, Pinar . "Violence in the Name of Islam: The case of ‘Islamic Defenders Front’ from Indonesia". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 / 1 (Aralık 2015): 33-51.