Yıl 2018, Cilt 12, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 61 - 64 2018-08-15

X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions

Selma Çalışkan [1] , Emre Can Çelebioğlu [2] , Sinem Akkaşoğlu [3] , Mustafa Fevzi Sargon [4]

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Objectives: Fossa pterygopalatina is located posterior to maxillary sinus, anterior to pterygoid plates and inferior to greater

sphenoid wing. Tumors that arise in fossa pterygopalatina are usually asymptomatic and often discovered at late stage.

Because of its deep and relative inaccessible location, clinical examination of fossa pterygopalatina is difficult. Aplastic or

nonvisible foramen rotundum may give an early indication for the regional tumors.

Methods: In the present study, foramen rotundum was visualized as a round structure with prominent sclerotic margins located

near ethmoid cells, maxillary sinus or orbital cavity in X ray images. X-rays (radiographs) of 17 dry skulls and 7 half dry skulls

were performed with Phillips Digital Diagnost X-Ray device. All dry skulls were positioned similar to Caldwell’s view. We have

designed a fixation apparatus to optimize the positioning of dry skulls and half skulls. After fixation of the skulls with the apparatus,

the X-ray beam centered about 3–4 cm below the external occipital protuberance with an angle of 15 degrees to the

chantomeatal line. Each radiologic image was examined for the location of foramen rotundum in relation with orbital cavity, ethmoidal

cells and maxillary sinuses. We described the characteristic of foramen rotundum with count and percent values.

Results: In the present study, 41 foramina rotunda were analyzed. Out of 41 foramina rotunda, twenty were right-sided, twenty

one were left-sided. Of the 20 right-sided foramina rotunda, 19 were visible on X-ray images. On the other side 18 of 21 leftsided

foramina rotunda were apparent. 14 of 19 visible right-sided foramina rotunda were identified in the orbital cavity

(73.68%). Three of them were identified in ethmoidal cells, and two in the maxillary sinus. 11 of 18 visible left-sided foramina

rotunda were identified in the orbital cavity (61.11%). Two of these were found in ethmoidal cells, eight in the maxillary sinus.

Out of 17 dry skulls, one had bilateral nonvisible foramina rotunda.

Conclusion: Foramen rotundum must be taken into consideration in evaluation of routine X-rays to prevent misdiagnosis of

the patients with persistent non-specific symptoms.

foramen rotundum, pterygopalatine fossa, cranium, X-ray
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Dergi Bölümü Original Articles
Yazarlar

Yazar: Selma Çalışkan
Kurum: YILDIRIM BEYAZIT UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Emre Can Çelebioğlu
Kurum: TOBB UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND TECHNOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, RADIOLOGY SCIENCE MAJOR
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Sinem Akkaşoğlu (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: YILDIRIM BEYAZIT UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Mustafa Fevzi Sargon
Kurum: HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF BASIC MEDICAL SCIENCES, DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMY
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { anatomy412888, journal = {Anatomy}, issn = {1307-8798}, eissn = {1308-8459}, address = {Türk Anatomi ve Klinik Anatomi Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {12}, pages = {61 - 64}, doi = {}, title = {X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions}, key = {cite}, author = {Çalışkan, Selma and Çelebioğlu, Emre Can and Akkaşoğlu, Sinem and Sargon, Mustafa Fevzi} }
APA Çalışkan, S , Çelebioğlu, E , Akkaşoğlu, S , Sargon, M . (2018). X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions. Anatomy, 12 (2), 61-64. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/anatomy/issue/42272/412888
MLA Çalışkan, S , Çelebioğlu, E , Akkaşoğlu, S , Sargon, M . "X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions". Anatomy 12 (2018): 61-64 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/anatomy/issue/42272/412888>
Chicago Çalışkan, S , Çelebioğlu, E , Akkaşoğlu, S , Sargon, M . "X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions". Anatomy 12 (2018): 61-64
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions AU - Selma Çalışkan , Emre Can Çelebioğlu , Sinem Akkaşoğlu , Mustafa Fevzi Sargon Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Anatomy JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 61 EP - 64 VL - 12 IS - 2 SN - 1307-8798-1308-8459 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Anatomy X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions %A Selma Çalışkan , Emre Can Çelebioğlu , Sinem Akkaşoğlu , Mustafa Fevzi Sargon %T X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions %D 2018 %J Anatomy %P 1307-8798-1308-8459 %V 12 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Çalışkan, Selma , Çelebioğlu, Emre Can , Akkaşoğlu, Sinem , Sargon, Mustafa Fevzi . "X-ray analysis of foramen rotundum for preliminary diagnosis of fossa pterygopalatina lesions". Anatomy 12 / 2 (Ağustos 2018): 61-64.