Ethics

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Anatomy is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and observes the following principles of Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement which is based on the recommendations and guidelines for journal editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Council of Science Editors (CSE), World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) and International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). 

All submissions must be original, unpublished (including as full text in conference proceedings), and not under the review of any other publication synchronously. Each manuscript is reviewed by one of the editors and at least two reviewers under double-blind peer review process. We reserve the right to use plagiarism detecting software to screen submitted papers at all times. We check for plagiary and fraudulent data, falsification (fabrication or manipulation of research data, tables, or images) and improper use of humans or animals in research. All manuscripts not in accordance with these standards will be removed from the publication. This also contains any possible malpractice discovered after the publication. In accordance with the code of conduct, we will report any cases of suspected plagiarism or duplicate publishing. 

We follow the COPE Ethics Flowcharts for dealing with cases of possible scientific misconduct and breach of publication ethics. For more details please visit the link

http://publicationethics.org/ resources/flowcharts 

Author Responsibilities

Authors should ensure that submitted work is original. They must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere or is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere, in any language. Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyright material (e.g., tables, figures or extensive quotations) should be reproduced only with appropriate permission and acknowledgment. Any work or words of other authors, contributors, or sources should be appropriately credited and referenced.

The author(s) of the original research articles (including short communications) must declare that they were involved in at least 3 of the 5 stages of the study as "designing the study", "collecting the data", "analyzing the data", "writing the manuscript" and "confirming the accuracy of the data and the analyses". All authors should disclose all issues concerning the financial relationship, conflict of interest, and competing interest that may potentially influence the results of the research or scientific judgment. All financial contributions, supports or sponsorship of projects should be clearly explained. 

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published paper, it is the author's obligation to promptly cooperate with the Editor-in-Chief to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes. 

For more detailed information about Authorship and Author Responsibilities by ICMJE, please visit the link: http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities

Responsibility for the Reviewers

Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They should have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments should be objective. 

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor-in-Chief if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author's side.

A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor-in-Chief and excuse himself from the review process.

To read the PDF document of COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers that can be found at 

http://publicationethics.org/files/Peerreviewguidelines.pdf

Editorial Responsibilities

Editors evaluate manuscripts for their scientific content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They provide a fair double-blind peer review of the submitted articles for publication and ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential before publishing. 

Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication. They should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.

Editor-in-Chief does not allow any conflicts of interest between the authors, editors, and reviewers. Only she/he has the full authority to assign a reviewer and is responsible for final decision for publication of the manuscripts in Anatomy. 

To read the PDF document of COPE General Duties and Responsibilities of Editors that can be found at

 http://publicationethics.org/files/u2/New_Code.pdf

In the Materials and Methods section of the manuscripts where experimental studies on humans are presented, a statement that informed consent was obtained from each volunteer or patient after explanation of the procedures should be included.

This section also should contain a statement that the investigation conforms with the principles outlined in the appropriate version of 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. For studies involving animals, all work must have been conducted according to applicable national and international guidelines.

Prior approval must have been obtained for all protocols from the relevant author's institutional or other appropriate ethics committee, and the institution name and permit numbers must be provided at submission.