Cilt 5, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 113 - 122 2017-10-01

Molecular Weight and pH Effect on Removal of Dyestuffs from Water by Electrocoagulation Method
Elektrokoagülasyon Yöntemi ile Sulardan Boyarmadde Gideriminde Molekül Büyüklüğü ve pH etkisi

Orhan Taner CAN [1] , Leyla GAZİGİL [2]

50 40

Electrocoagulation is one of the important treatment methods used to remove colloids from wastewater. Dyestuffs are the leading source of colloids in wastewaters. Dyestuffs, which are used extensively in the textile industry, become important colloidal pollutants for the receiving water environments, given the increased amount of water used by the industry. In this study, the effect of molecular weight of pollutant colloids on the removal efficiency of electrocoagulation was investigated by using two different textile dye materials with different molecular weights. For this purpose, color removal studies were carried out in the reactor where aluminium electrodes were used. The study was carried out at different pH values ​​and the effects of different flock structures (size) were also studied. It was found that the pH a was more affected than the dye having a larger molecular weight. The Reactive Black 39 (1021.16 g / mol), which has a higher molecular weight in the dyestuffs, has Remazol Red 3B (674.10 g / mol), which has a smaller molecular weight, while being affected by a change of pH from 75% to 74.83% It is affected by 13%, down from 96.54 to 83.01.

Elektrokoagülasyon koloitlerin atıksulardan giderilmesinde kullanılan önemli arıtma yöntemlerinden biridir. Boyarmaddeler atıksulardaki önemli koloit kaynaklarının başında gelirler. Tekstil endüstrisinde oldukça fazla kullanılan boyarmaddeler, endüstrinin kullandığı su miktarının fazlalığı da göz önüne alındığında alıcı su ortamları için önemli koloidal kirleticiler haline gelirler. Bu çalışmada farklı molekül ağırlığındaki iki ayrı tekstil boyar maddesi kullanılarak kirletici koloitlerin molekül ağırlığının elektrokoagülasyonda giderme verimine ne şekilde etki ettiği incelendi. Bu amaçla alüminyum elektrotların kullanıldığı reaktöründe renk giderme çalışmaları yapıldı. Çalışma farklı pH değerlerinde yapılarak farklı flok yapılarının (büyüklüklerinin) etkileri de incelendi. pH artışından daha büyük molekül ağırlığına sahip olan boyarmadde daha çok etkilendiği tespit edildi. Boyarmadde gidermede daha büyük molekül ağırlığına sahip olan Reactive Black 39 (1021.16 g/mol) pH değişiminden % 100 ‘den 74.83 ‘e düşüşle, yaklaşık % 25 oranında etkilenirken, daha küçük molekül ağırlığına sahip olan Remazol Red 3B (674.10 g/mol) % 96.54 ‘den 83.01 ‘e düşüşle yaklaşık % 13 oranında etkilenmektedir.

  • [1] M. Sleiman, D. Vildozo, C. Ferronato, and J.-M. Chovelon, “Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye Metanil Yellow: Optimization and kinetic modeling using a chemometric approach,” Appl. Catal. B Environ., vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2007.
  • [2] V. Shah and D. Madamwar, “Community genomics: Isolation, characterization and expression of gene coding for azoreductase,” Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation, vol. 79, pp. 1–8, 2013.
  • [3] C. Ahmed Basha, N. S. Bhadrinarayana, N. Anantharaman, and K. M. Meera Sheriffa Begum, “Heavy metal removal from copper smelting effluent using electrochemical cylindrical flow reactor,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 152, no. 1, pp. 71–78, 2008.
  • [4] O. T. Can, M. Kobya, E. Demirbas, and M. Bayramoglu, “Treatment of the textile wastewater by combined electrocoagulation,” Chemosphere, vol. 62, no. 2, 2006.
  • [5] N. Mohan, N. Balasubramanian, and C. A. Basha, “Electrochemical oxidation of textile wastewater and its reuse,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 147, no. 1, pp. 644–651, 2007.
  • [6] M. M. and L. L. P.Balaji, B.Vignesh, M.Sowmiya, “Removal of Colour from Textile Effluent using Natural Adsorbent (Calotropis Gingantea),” Int. J. Innov. Eng. Technol., vol. 5, no. 4, p. 265, 2015.
  • [7] S. Aoudj, A. Khelifa, N. Drouiche, M. Hecini, and H. Hamitouche, “Electrocoagulation process applied to wastewater containing dyes from textile industry,” Chem. Eng. Process. Process Intensif., vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 1176–1182, 2010.
  • [8] M. Bayramoglu, M. Kobya, O. T. Can, and M. Sozbir, “Operating cost analysis of electroagulation of textile dye wastewater,” Sep. Purif. Technol., vol. 37, no. 2, 2004.
  • [9] O. T. Can, M. Bayramoglu, and M. Kobya, “Decolorization of reactive dye solutions by electrocoagulation using aluminum electrodes,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 42, no. 14, 2003.
  • [10] M. Kobya, E. Demirbas, O. T. Can, and M. Bayramoglu, “Treatment of levafix orange textile dye solution by electrocoagulation,” J. Hazard. Mater., vol. 132, no. 2–3, 2006.
  • [11] T. K. Dawood, Sara. Sen, “Review on Dye Removal from Its Aqueous Solution into Alternative Cost Effective and Non-Conventional Adsorbents,” J Chem Proc Engg, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 2014.
  • [12] T. Picard, G. Cathalifaud-Feuillade, M. Mazet, and C. Vandensteendam, “Cathodic dissolution in the electrocoagulation process using aluminium electrodes,” J. Environ. Monit., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 77–80, 2000.
Konular Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-3386-975X
Yazar: Orhan Taner CAN
E-posta: orhan.can@btu.edu.tr
Kurum: Bursa Teknik Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Leyla GAZİGİL
E-posta: lgazigil@beu.edu.tr
Kurum: Bitlis Eren Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { apjes335384, journal = {Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science}, issn = {}, address = {Akademik Platform}, year = {2017}, volume = {5}, pages = {113 - 122}, doi = {10.21541/apjes.335384}, title = {Molecular Weight and pH Effect on Removal of Dyestuffs from Water by Electrocoagulation Method}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {CAN, Orhan Taner and GAZİGİL, Leyla} } @araştırma makalesi { apjes335384, journal = {Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science}, issn = {}, address = {Akademik Platform}, year = {2017}, volume = {5}, pages = {113 - 122}, doi = {10.21541/apjes.335384}, title = {Elektrokoagülasyon Yöntemi ile Sulardan Boyarmadde Gideriminde Molekül Büyüklüğü ve pH etkisi}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {CAN, Orhan Taner and GAZİGİL, Leyla} }
APA CAN, O , GAZİGİL, L . (2017). Molecular Weight and pH Effect on Removal of Dyestuffs from Water by Electrocoagulation Method. Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science, 5 (3), 113-122. DOI: 10.21541/apjes.335384
MLA CAN, O , GAZİGİL, L . "Molecular Weight and pH Effect on Removal of Dyestuffs from Water by Electrocoagulation Method". Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science 5 (2017): 113-122 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/apjes/issue/31298/335384>
Chicago CAN, O , GAZİGİL, L . "Molecular Weight and pH Effect on Removal of Dyestuffs from Water by Electrocoagulation Method". Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science 5 (2017): 113-122
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Elektrokoagülasyon Yöntemi ile Sulardan Boyarmadde Gideriminde Molekül Büyüklüğü ve pH etkisi AU - Orhan Taner CAN , Leyla GAZİGİL Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.335384 DO - 10.21541/apjes.335384 T2 - Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 113 EP - 122 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - -2147-4575 M3 - doi: 10.21541/apjes.335384 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21541/apjes.335384 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science Elektrokoagülasyon Yöntemi ile Sulardan Boyarmadde Gideriminde Molekül Büyüklüğü ve pH etkisi %A Orhan Taner CAN , Leyla GAZİGİL %T Elektrokoagülasyon Yöntemi ile Sulardan Boyarmadde Gideriminde Molekül Büyüklüğü ve pH etkisi %D 2017 %J Academic Platform-Journal of Engineering and Science %P -2147-4575 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.21541/apjes.335384 %U 10.21541/apjes.335384