Yıl 2018, Cilt 19, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 219 - 234 2018-03-31

A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport

Meral Demirtaş [1]

148 84


This study provides a comprehensive overview of the particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters 10 µm (PM10) levels in the megacity İstanbul. PM10 concentrations of ten ambient air quality monitoring stations in İstanbul were studied for the period of 2007-2015. The study focuses on: (i) similarities and differences among urban areas, (ii) on spatial and temporal variations of PM10, (iii) emission sources within İstanbul, (iv) long-distance PM10 transport. PM10 concentrations in İstanbul show significant variations across the megacity, with high PM10 levels at heavy traffic points and industrial zones. Results indicate that the number of exceedences allowed by the EU standards is violated daily and annually at all monitoring sites which indicate serious air quality problem in İstanbul. The seasonal variation is characterized by high concentrations in the winter, and autumn, and low concentrations in the summer. Studies on high PM10 episodes shed light on key atmospheric driving mechanisms which transport air parcels from the Atlantic, Europe and North Africa.


PM10, high PM10 episodes, long distance transport, backward trajectory, İstanbul-Turkey
  • [1] EEA - European Environment Agency. Every Breath We Take: Improving Air Quality in Europe. EEA Signals 2013 Report. 2013; EEA, Copenhagen.
  • [2] Donaldson K, Stone V, Seaton, A, MacNee W. Ambient particle inhalation and the cardiovascular system: potential mechanisms. Environment Health Perspectives. 2001; 109: 523-527.
  • [3] Lu WZ, Wang XK. Interaction of major air pollutants in Hong Kong territory. Sci. Total Environ. 2004; 324: 247–259.
  • [4] Savas BS, Karahan Ö, Saka RÖ. Health Care Systems in Transition: Turkey. Thomson S, Mossialos E. (Eds.), EOHCS, Copenhagen. 2002.
  • [5] Hapcioglu B, Issever H, Kocyigit,E, Disci R, Vatansever S, Ozdilli K. The effect of air pollution and meteorological parameters on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at an Istanbul Hospital. Indoor and Built Environment. 2005; 25: 149-153.
  • [6] Tecer LH, Alagha O, Karaca F, Tuncel G, Eldes N. Particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and Children’s Hospital Admissions for Asthma and Respiratory Diseases: a bidirectional case-crossover study. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. 2008; 71: 512-520.
  • [7] Çapraz Ö, Deniz A, Doğan N. Effects of air pollution on respiratory hospital admissions in İstanbul, Turkey, 2013 to 2015. Chemosphere. 2017; 181: 544-550
  • [8] Lawrence MG, Butler TM, Steinkamp J, Gurjar BR, Lelieveld J. Regional pollution potentials of megacities and other major population centers. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2007; 7: 3969-87.
  • [9] Kanakidou M, Mihalopoulos N, Kindap T, Im U, Vrekoussis M, Gerasopoulos E, Dermitzaki E, Unal A, Kocak M, Markakis K, et al. Megacities as hot spots of air pollution in the East Mediterranean. Atmos. Environ. 2011; 45: 1223–1235.
  • [10] Unal YS, Toros H, Deniz A, Incecik S. Influence of meteorological factors and emission sources on spatial and temporal variations of PM10 concentrations in Istanbul metropolitan area. Atmos. Environ. 2011; 45: 5504-5513.
  • [11] Im U, Tayanç M, Yenigun O. Analysis of major photochemical pollutantswithmeteorological factors for high ozone days in Istanbul, Turkey. Water Air Soil Pollution. 2006; 175: 335–59.
  • [12] Im U, Markakis K, Unal A, Kindap T, Poupkou A, Incecik S, Yenigun O, Melas D, Theodosi C, Mihalopoulos N. Study of a winter PM episode in Istanbul using the high resolution WRF/CMAQ modeling system. Atmospheric Environment. 2010; 44: 3085-3094.
  • [13] Koçak M, Theodosi C, Zarmpas P, Im U, Bougiatioti A, Yenigun O, Mihalopoulos N. Particulate matter (PM10) in Istanbul: Origin, source areas and potential impact on surrounding regions. Atmos. Environ. 2011; 45: 6891-6900.
  • [14] Karaca F, Anil I, Alagha O. Long range potential source contributions of episodic aerosol events to PM10 profile of a megacity. Atmos. Environ. 2009; 43: 5713-5722.
  • [15] EU Directive, EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe. European Commission, 2008, Brussels, Belgium.
  • [16] Dee DP et al. The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 2011; 137: 553–597.
  • [17] Stein AF, Draxler RR, Rolph GD, Stunder BJB, Cohen MD, Ngan F. NOAA's HYSPLIT atmospheric transport and dispersion modeling system. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 2015; 96: 2059-2077.
  • [18] Rolph GD. Real-time Environmental Applications and Display sYstem (READY) Website (http://www.ready.noaa.gov). NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, College Park, MD., 2016
  • [19] NCL - the NCAR Command Language (Version 6.3.0) [Software]. 2016. Boulder, Colorado: UCAR/NCAR/CISL/TDD. http://dx.doi.org/10.5065/D6WD3XH5
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3026-9276
Yazar: Meral Demirtaş
Kurum: University of Ondokuz Mayis
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { aubtda336852, journal = {Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik}, issn = {1302-3160}, eissn = {2146-0205}, address = {Anadolu Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {19}, pages = {219 - 234}, doi = {10.18038/aubtda.336852}, title = {A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport}, key = {cite}, author = {Demirtaş, Meral} }
APA Demirtaş, M . (2018). A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport. Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik, 19 (1), 219-234. DOI: 10.18038/aubtda.336852
MLA Demirtaş, M . "A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport". Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik 19 (2018): 219-234 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/aubtda/issue/36292/336852>
Chicago Demirtaş, M . "A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport". Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik 19 (2018): 219-234
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport AU - Meral Demirtaş Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18038/aubtda.336852 DO - 10.18038/aubtda.336852 T2 - Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 219 EP - 234 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - 1302-3160-2146-0205 M3 - doi: 10.18038/aubtda.336852 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18038/aubtda.336852 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport %A Meral Demirtaş %T A comprehensive overview of PM10 levels in İstanbul: annual and seasonal spatio-temporal variations and the long-distance transport %D 2018 %J Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim Ve Teknoloji Dergisi A - Uygulamalı Bilimler ve Mühendislik %P 1302-3160-2146-0205 %V 19 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18038/aubtda.336852 %U 10.18038/aubtda.336852