Cilt 4, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 85 - 112

ISLAMIC BANKING AND SHARĪ‘AH SCHOLARS IN NIGERIA
NİJERYA’DA İSLAMİ BANKACILIK VE İSLAM ALİMLERİ

Muritala Kewuyemi KAREEM [1]

206 348

Compliance with sharī‘ah - rules is compulsory for all Islamic banks; and such compliance is monitored by sharī‘ah scholars. Therefore, the paper examines and gauges the level of understanding of Nigerian sharī‘ah scholars (the custodians of sharī‘ah rules in the country) and their perceptions of the Islamic banking and its rules particularly interest (ribā). Survey method involving the use of purposive sampling was adopted to administer 1,040 copies of a questionnaire on the Nigerian Sharī‘ah scholars though some key people were also interviewed. The questionnaire which contains 19 items was designed to elicit information from them on issues such as their understanding of ribā, its uses in the Qur’an, Islamic banking products, collateral security and promotion (promos). Our findings revealed that the respondents (917) who considered usury to be forbidden were more than those who considered (871) interest to be forbidden. A large number of Sharī‘ah scholars (93.6%) confused interest with usury which suggests that both interest and usury refer to ribā. Some believed that only usury refers to ribā (48.6%) while most of the respondents (74.1%) opined that all forms of interest are prohibited. About 73.7%, 86.3% and 27.6% of the respondents believed rahn (collateral security), innovating interest-free financial products and patronising conventional banks respectively were allowed. banking and finance.

Şeriat İslami bankaların uymak zorunda olduğu kurallar bütünüdür ve İslam alimleri bu bankaların şeriata uygunluğunu denetlerler. Bu makale Nijerya’daki İslam alimlerinin İslami bankacılık ve özellikle riba gibi onun kuralları hakkındaki anlayışını ve görüşlerini incelemektedir. Seçici örneklemle 1400 adetlik anket formları Nijerya’daki İslam alimlerine dağıtılmıştır. Ayrıca, bazı anahtar şahsiyetlerle de yüzyüze görüşmeyle anket yapılmıştır. Anket sorularında 19 kısım bulunmaktadır ve İslam alimlerinin riba, Kur’an’daki ribanın kullanımları, İslami bankacılık ürünleri, teminatlar ve teşvikler konularındaki görüşlerini tespit etmek için oluşturulmuştur. Elde edilen bulgulara göre tefeci faizinin yasaklandığını düşünenler (917) faizin yasaklandığını düşünenlerden (871) daha fazladır. İslam alimlerinin % 93.6’sı tefeci faizi ile faizin riba’yla aynı olduğunu ifade edecek şekilde cevap vermişlerdir. Cevap verenlerin çoğu (%74.1) faizin bütün çeşitlerinin yasaklandığını ifade ederken bazıları (%48,6)’sadece tefecilik faizinin riba olduğunu söylemiştir. İslam alimleri sırasıyla, %73,7, %86.3, ve %27,6 oranlarda teminatların, faizsiz finasal ürünler geliştirmenin, ve konvansiyonel bankaların müşterisi olmanın müsaade edildiğini düşünmektedirler.

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Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Muritala Kewuyemi KAREEM
E-posta: tujise@beun.edu.tr
Kurum: Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies, University of Ibadan
Ülke: Nigeria


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { beuntujise292256, journal = {TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ}, issn = {}, address = {Research Center for Islamic Economics (ikam)}, year = {}, volume = {4}, pages = {85 - 112}, doi = {}, title = {ISLAMIC BANKING AND SHARĪ‘AH SCHOLARS IN NIGERIA}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {KAREEM, Muritala Kewuyemi} } @araştırma makalesi { beuntujise292256, journal = {TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ}, issn = {}, address = {Research Center for Islamic Economics (ikam)}, year = {}, volume = {4}, pages = {85 - 112}, doi = {}, title = {NİJERYA’DA İSLAMİ BANKACILIK VE İSLAM ALİMLERİ}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {KAREEM, Muritala Kewuyemi} }
APA KAREEM, M . (). ISLAMIC BANKING AND SHARĪ‘AH SCHOLARS IN NIGERIA. TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ, 4 (1), 85-112. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/beuntujise/issue/27708/292256
MLA KAREEM, M . "ISLAMIC BANKING AND SHARĪ‘AH SCHOLARS IN NIGERIA". TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ 4 (): 85-112 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/beuntujise/issue/27708/292256>
Chicago KAREEM, M . "ISLAMIC BANKING AND SHARĪ‘AH SCHOLARS IN NIGERIA". TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ 4 (): 85-112
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - NİJERYA’DA İSLAMİ BANKACILIK VE İSLAM ALİMLERİ AU - Muritala Kewuyemi KAREEM Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 85 EP - 112 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2148-3809 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ NİJERYA’DA İSLAMİ BANKACILIK VE İSLAM ALİMLERİ %A Muritala Kewuyemi KAREEM %T NİJERYA’DA İSLAMİ BANKACILIK VE İSLAM ALİMLERİ %D 2017 %J TÜRKİYE İSLAM İKTİSADI DERGİSİ %P -2148-3809 %V 4 %N 1 %R %U