Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 139 - 146 2018-11-10

Determination of Carbon Footprint In Rubber Industry
Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi

Veysel Mutlu [1] , Cihan Özgür [2] , Şehnaz Şule Kaplan Bekaroğlu [3]

54 204

The purpose of this study is to calculate the carbon footprint of companies with an average annual production of 17,500 tons of rubber products in Turkey. The calculations were carried out using the formula for the Tier 1 methodology of the under the "Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Approach". The interviews conducted with the facilities operating in this area were evaluated in reaching the data related to the rubber sector. As a result of the study, the total amount of carbon footprint per year was estimated to be approximately 55,000,000 kg CO2e. The highest amount of carbon footprint belongs to the raw material-derived carbon emissions (»77%) used. For this reason, it has been determined that Scope 3 emissions constitute the largest amount for this sector. Carbon emissions related to electricity purchased (»12%) are in second place. Finally, proposals have been made for the testing of different scenario implementations and reduction of carbon emissions for the rubber sector.

Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye’de faaliyet gösteren ve yıllık üretimi ortalama 17.500 ton kauçuk ürün olan bir firmanın muhtemel karbon ayak izinin belirlenmesidir. Hesaplamalar “Entegre Kirlilik Önleme ve Kontrol Yaklaşımı” kapsamında IPCC’nin Tier-1 metodolojisine ait formül kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Kauçuk sektörü ile ilgili verilere tesislerle gerçekleştirilen görüşmeler sonuç elde edilmiştir. Çalışma sonucunda yıllık toplam karbon ayak izi miktarı yaklaşık 55.000.000 kg CO2e olarak tahmin edilmiştir. Karbon ayak izi olarak en yüksek miktar ve dolayısıyla oran, kullanılan ham madde kaynaklı karbon emisyonuna (»%77) aittir. Bu sebeple Kapsam 3 emisyonlarının bu sektör için en büyük miktarı oluşturduğu belirlenmiştir. Satın alınan elektrik ile ilgili karbon emisyonu (»%12) ikinci sırada yer almaktadır. Son olarak kauçuk sektörü için farklı senaryo uygulamalarının denenerek karbon salınımının azaltma çalışmaları yapılabilir.

  • Adewale, C., Higgins, S., Granatstein, D., Stöckle, C., O., Carlson, B., R., Zaher, U., E., Boggs, L., C., 2016. Identifying hotspots in the carbon footprint of a small scale organic vegetable farm. Agricultural Systems, 149, 112–121.
  • BSI, 2008. How to assess the carbon footprint of goods and services. Guide to PAS 2050, London.
  • Clavreul, J., Butnar, I., Rubio, V., King, H., 2017. Intra- and inter-year variability of agricultural carbon footprints e A case study on field-grown tomatoes. Journal of Cleaner Production, 158, 156-164.
  • DBEIS, 2017. Greenhouse gas reporting: conversion factors. Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, Condensed set (for most users), https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/greenhouse-gas-reporting-conversion-factors-2017. Erişim Tarihi: 15.03.2018.
  • Dulkadiroğlu, H., 2018. Türkiye’de Elektrik Üretiminin Sera Gazı Emisyonları Açısından İncelenmesi. Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 7, 1, 67-74.
  • Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., Spurr, R., Hoque, S., 2010. Estimating the carbon footprint of Australian Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18,3, 355-376.
  • EC, 2011. Analysis of Existing Environmental Footprint Methodologies for Products and Organizations:Recommendations, Rationale, and Alignment.
  • European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability.
  • EPLCA, 2007. CARBON FOOTPRINT - what it is and how to measure it. European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment, European Commission – Joint Research Centre,Institute for Environment and Sustainability.
  • Ercin, E. ve Hoekstra, A., Y., 2012. Carbon and Water Footprints Concepts, Methodologies and Policy Responses. United Nations World Water Assessment
  • Programme, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization , Paris, France.
  • Flysjö, A., Thrane, M., Hermansen, J., E., 2014. Method to assess the carbon footprint at product level in the dairy industry. International Dairy Journal, 34, 86-92.
  • Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B., Giljum, S., 2012. Integrating ecological, carbon and water footprint into a “Footprint Family” of indicators: definition and role in tracking human pressure on the planet. Ecological Indicators, 16, 100-112.
  • Garcia, C., A., Garcia-Trevino, E., S., Aguilar-Rivera, N., Armendariz, C., 2016. Carbon footprint of sugar production in Mexico. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 2632-2641.
  • Gunathilaka, L. F. D. Z. ve Gunawardana K. D., 2015. Carbon Footprint Calculation from Cradle to Grave: A Case Study of Rubber Manufacturing Process in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 6, 10.
  • Huang, B., Meng, L., 2013. Convergence of per capita carbon dioxide emissions in urban China: A spatio-temporal perspective. Applied Geography, 40, 21-29.Inakollu, S., Morin, R., Keefe, R., 2017. Carbon Footprint Estimation in Fiber Optics Industry: A Case Study of OFS Fitel, LLC. Sustainability, MDPI, 9, 865.
  • IPCC, 2006. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. General Guidance and Reporting, http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/vol1.html. Erişim Tarihi: 05.03.2018.
  • IPCC, 2013. Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing. Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter08_FINAL.pdf. Erişim Tarihi: 15.03.2018.
  • Mansour, F.,A., Jejcic, V., 2016. A model calculation of the carbon footprint of agricultural products: The case of Slovenia. Energy xxx, 1-9.
  • Matthews , H.S., Hendrıckson, C.,T., Weber, C., L., 2008. The Importance of Carbon Footprint Estimation Boundarie. Environmental Science Technology, 42, 5839–5842.
  • Meng, L., Graus, W., Worrell, E., Huang, B., 2014. Estimating CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions at urban scales by DMSP/ OLS (Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System) nighttime light imagery: Methodological challenges and a case study for China. Energy, 71, 468-478.
  • Messagie,M., Mertens, J., Oliveira, L., Rangaraju, S., Sanfelix, J., Coosemans, T., Mierlo, J.,V., Macharis, C., 2014. The hourly life cycle carbon footprint of electricity generation in Belgium, bringing a temporal resolution in life cycle assessment. Applied Energy, 134, 469–476.
  • PAGEV, 2015. Kauçuk Sektör İzleme Raporu. Türk Plastik Sanayicileri Araştırma Geliştirme ve Eğitim Vakfı.
  • Peters, G., P., 2010. Carbon footprints and embodied carbon at multiple scales. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 245–50
  • Puig, R., Kiliç, E., Navarro, A., Albertí, J., Chacóne, L., Palmer, P., F., 2017. Inventory analysis and carbon footprint of coastland-hotel services: A Spanish case study. Science of the Total Environment, 595, 244–254.
  • Shaikh, M., A., Kucukvar, M., Onat, N., C., Kirkil, G., 2017. A framework for water and carbon footprint analysis of national electricity production scenarios. Energy, 139, 406-421.
  • Strohbach, M., W., Arnold, E., Haase, D., 2012. The carbon footprint of urban green space—A life cycle approach. Landscape and Urban Planning, 104, 220– 229.
  • Su, Y., Chen, X., Li, Y., Liao, J., Ye, Y., Zhang, H., Huang, N., Kuang, Y., 2014. China's 19-yearcity-level carbon emissions of energy consumptions, driving forces and regionalized mitigation guidelines. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 35, 231–243
  • Yan, Y., Wang, C., Ding, D., Zhang, Y., Wu, G., Wang, L., Liue, X., Due, C., Zhang, Y., Zhao, C., 2016. Industrial carbon footprint of several typical Chinese textile fabrics. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 36, 119–125
  • Wiedmann, T. ve Minx J., 2007. A Definition of Carbon Footprint. ISAUK Research and Consulting, Durham, UK.
Primary Language tr
Subjects Environmental Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Veysel Mutlu (Primary Author)
Institution: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Cihan Özgür
Institution: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SÜTÇÜLER PROF.DR.HASAN GÜRBÜZ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Author: Şehnaz Şule Kaplan Bekaroğlu
Institution: SÜLEYMAN DEMİREL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ENSTİTÜSÜ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { bilgesci434223, journal = {Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research}, issn = {2651-401X}, eissn = {2651-4028}, address = {Kutbilge Akademisyenler Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {139 - 146}, doi = {10.30516/bilgesci.434223}, title = {Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Mutlu, Veysel and Özgür, Cihan and Kaplan Bekaroğlu, Şehnaz Şule} }
APA Mutlu, V , Özgür, C , Kaplan Bekaroğlu, Ş . (2018). Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi. Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research, 2 (2), 139-146. DOI: 10.30516/bilgesci.434223
MLA Mutlu, V , Özgür, C , Kaplan Bekaroğlu, Ş . "Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi". Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research 2 (2018): 139-146 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/bilgesci/issue/40293/434223>
Chicago Mutlu, V , Özgür, C , Kaplan Bekaroğlu, Ş . "Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi". Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research 2 (2018): 139-146
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi AU - Veysel Mutlu , Cihan Özgür , Şehnaz Şule Kaplan Bekaroğlu Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30516/bilgesci.434223 DO - 10.30516/bilgesci.434223 T2 - Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 139 EP - 146 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - 2651-401X-2651-4028 M3 - doi: 10.30516/bilgesci.434223 UR - https://doi.org/10.30516/bilgesci.434223 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi %A Veysel Mutlu , Cihan Özgür , Şehnaz Şule Kaplan Bekaroğlu %T Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi %D 2018 %J Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research %P 2651-401X-2651-4028 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30516/bilgesci.434223 %U 10.30516/bilgesci.434223
ISNAD Mutlu, Veysel , Özgür, Cihan , Kaplan Bekaroğlu, Şehnaz Şule . "Kauçuk Endüstrisinde Karbon Ayak İzinin Belirlenmesi". Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research 2 / 2 (November 2018): 139-146. https://doi.org/10.30516/bilgesci.434223