Yıl 2018, Cilt , Sayı 157, Sayfalar 39 - 57 2018-12-15

Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods
Buzul-Sonrası Marmara Denizi taraçaları ve su değişim dönemleri

Vedat Ediger [1] , Emin Demirbağ [2] , Semih Ergintav [3] , Sedat İnan [4] , Ruhi Saatçılar [5]

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Semi-enclosed Marmara Sea is a passage between the Aegean Sea (Northeastern Mediterranean Sea) and the Black Sea. The Marmara Sea is connected to the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea through the İstanbul Strait (Bosphorus) and Çanakkale Strait (Dardanelles), respectively. Despite the fact that the late Pleistocene-Holocene connections between the seas have been explored by many scientists, there are still uncertainties about the nature and timing of the connections. Within the scope of this study, a new approach has been displayed for post-glacial connections between the Black Sea, Marmara Sea, and the Aegean Sea. This study is based on 80 shallow seismic reflection lines, multibeam bathymetric data and 15 short gravity cores collected from the northeastern shelf of the Marmara Sea (between Silivri and Golden Horn). The sea bottom and sub-bottom morphology have a highly chaotic structure at the exit of the Büyükçekmece/Küçükçekmece lagoons and further east near the Marmara- İstanbul Strait junction. This chaotic bottom and sub-bottom surface morphologies are mainly controlled by the structure of the basin, current regime of the shelf, coastal drainage systems and by the sea/lake water level changes controlled by climate and the sill depths of the two straits, which in turn determined the water exchange between the seas. The sedimentological interpretation of the seismic reflection profiles and core sediments have allowed us to distinguish five stratigraphic units (S1-S5) and four sedimentary layers (A-D) over the acoustic basement. The lower stratigraphic unit and sedimentary layer are separated from the overlying acoustic basement by a chaotic to parallel and by a high amplitude seismic reflector. Seaward dipping units of the acoustic basement are inferred to be the seaward continuation of the Oligocene–Upper Miocene units widely exposed on land. The presence of three different marine terraces distinguished (T1-T3) along the northeastern shelf of the Marmara Sea have been associated with the six different curves of the post-glacial sea-level changes. From statistical point of view, the most significant terraces occur from -78 m to -80 m (T1), -58 m to -62 m (T2) and -28 m to -32 m at (T3). Considering the global sea level curves, these terraces can be dated 9.25, 12.25 and 13.75 Cal kyr BP, respectively.

Yarı kapalı Marmara Denizi, Ege Denizi (Kuzeydoğu Akdeniz) ve Karadeniz arasındaki bir geçiş denizidir. Marmara Denizi, sırasıyla İstanbul Boğazı (Bosporus) ve Çanakkale Boğazı (Dardanelles) ile Karadeniz ve Ege Deniz’lerine bağlantılıdır. Denizler arasındaki, Geç Pleistosen-Holosen dönemi bağlantıları pek çok bilim adamı tarafından araştırılmasına rağmen, bağlantıların doğası ve zamanlaması konusunda hala belirsizlikler süregelmektedir. Bu çalışma kapsamında, Karadeniz, Marmara Denizi ve Ege Denizi arasındaki Buzul Sonrası dönemde meydana gelen bağlantılar için yeni bir yaklaşım sergilenmektedir.Bu çalışma, Marmara Denizi'nin kuzeydoğu şelfinde (Silivri ile Haliç arasında) toplanan 80 adet sığ sismik yansıma profiline, çok ışınlı batimetrik verilerine ve 15 adet kısa ağırlıklı karot verilerine dayanmaktadır. Büyükçekmece / Küçükçekmece lagünlerinin Marmara Denizi ile bağlantı ve daha doğuda Marmara-İstanbul Boğazı etkileşim alanlarında, deniz tabanı ve akustik taban morfolojileri, çok karmaşık bir yapıya sahiptirler. Bu karmaşık deniz tabanı ve akustik taban morfolojileri, temel olarak havzanın yapısı, şelfin mevcut hidrografik rejimi, kıyı drenaj sistemleri, deniz/göl su seviyesi değişiklikleri (iklimin kontrol ettiği) ve boğazların derinlikleri tarafından kontrol edilmektedir. Aynı zamanda, tüm bu faktörlerin denizler arasındaki su alış verişini kontrol eden önemli faktörler olduğu düşünülmektedir.Sismik yansıma profillerinin ve ağırlıklı karot verilerinin sedimantolojik olarak incelenmesi sonucunda, akustik taban üzerinde, beş farklı stratigrafik birimin (S1-S5) ve dört farklı sedimanter katmanın (A-D) ayırt edilmiştir. Akustik taban üzerinde yer alan alt stratigrafik birimler ve sedimanter tabakalar, karmaşık, paralel ve yüksek genlikli sismik yansımalarla ayırt edilmiştir. Akustik tabana ait tabakaların deniz yönüne doğru dalma göstermesi, karada yaygın olarak görülen Oligosen-Üst Miyosen birimlerinin deniz tabanında da devam etmekte olduğununun bir kanıtıdır. Marmara Denizi'nin kuzeydoğu şelfinde yer alan akustik taban yüzeyinde ayırt edilen üç farklı deniz taraçası (T1-T3) buzul sonrası dönemdeki küresel deniz seviyesi değişimlerine ait altı farklı eğri ile ilişkilendirilmiştir. İstatistiksel açıdan, en belirgin taraçaların -78 m ila -80 m (T1), -58 m ila -62 m (T2) ve -28 ila -32 m (T3) arasında yer aldığı saptanmıştır. Küresel deniz seviyesi eğrileri göz önüne alındığında, bu taraçaların yaşları sırasıyla, 9.25, 12.25 ve 13.75 Cal kyr BP olarak tarihlendirilmiştir.

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Orcid: 0000-0003-4388-7951
Yazar: Vedat Ediger (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu, Marmara Araştırma Merkezi, Yer ve Deniz Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Gebze-Kocaeli
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8448-8741
Yazar: Emin Demirbağ
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Jeofi zik Anabilim Dalı, Maslak-İstanbul
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5094-6599
Yazar: Semih Ergintav
Kurum: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Kandilli Rasathanesi, Deprem Araştırma Enstitüsü Jeodezi Anabilim Dalı Çengelköy-İstanbul.
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5639-6831
Yazar: Sedat İnan
Kurum: Saudi Aramco, EXPEC İleri Araştırma Merkezi, Dhahran 31311, Suudi Arabistan
Ülke: Saudi Arabia


Orcid: 0000-0001-6739-1702
Yazar: Ruhi Saatçılar
Kurum: Sakarya Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Jeofizik Mühendisliği Bölümü, Sakarya
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { bulletinofmre401208, journal = {Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi}, issn = {0026-4563}, eissn = {2651-3048}, address = {Maden Tetkik Arama Genel Müdürlüğü}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {39 - 57}, doi = {10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208}, title = {Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods}, key = {cite}, author = {Ediger, Vedat and Ergintav, Semih and İnan, Sedat and Saatçılar, Ruhi and Demirbağ, Emin} }
APA Ediger, V , Demirbağ, E , Ergintav, S , İnan, S , Saatçılar, R . (2018). Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, (157), 39-57. DOI: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208
MLA Ediger, V , Demirbağ, E , Ergintav, S , İnan, S , Saatçılar, R . "Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods". Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi (2018): 39-57 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/bulletinofmre/issue/33397/401208>
Chicago Ediger, V , Demirbağ, E , Ergintav, S , İnan, S , Saatçılar, R . "Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods". Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi (2018): 39-57
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods AU - Vedat Ediger , Emin Demirbağ , Semih Ergintav , Sedat İnan , Ruhi Saatçılar Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208 DO - 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208 T2 - Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 57 VL - IS - 157 SN - 0026-4563-2651-3048 M3 - doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods %A Vedat Ediger , Emin Demirbağ , Semih Ergintav , Sedat İnan , Ruhi Saatçılar %T Post-Glacial Terraces of The Marmara Sea and water exchange periods %D 2018 %J Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi %P 0026-4563-2651-3048 %V %N 157 %R doi: 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208 %U 10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208
ISNAD Ediger, Vedat , Demirbağ, Emin , Ergintav, Semih , İnan, Sedat , Saatçılar, Ruhi . "Buzul-Sonrası Marmara Denizi taraçaları ve su değişim dönemleri". Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi / 157 (Aralık 2018): 39-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.19111/bulletinofmre.401208