Yıl 2018, Cilt 2, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 34 - 38 2018-06-30

Biological and ecological observations on Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae)
Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler

Halil KOÇ [1] , Hüseyin ARIKAN [2]

76 197

Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) is one of the most common scorpion species of arid fauna with a wide distribution in hot and arid regions of Turkey. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the biology and ecology of M. gibbosus under laboratory conditions and in the wild in Manisa province (Turkey). In this study, the field studies were carried out between April 2003 and September 2004. It was noted that the reproductive period, which lasts from July to August, was the most active period for the species. Also, some information is provided about maternal care, giving birth, molting, feeding habits, and effects of the lunar cycle on M. gibbosus

Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832), Türkiye'nin sıcak ve kurak bölgelerinde geniş dağılış gösteren kurak faunanın en yaygın akrep türlerinden biridir. Mevcut çalışma laboratuvar koşullarında gözlemlenen ve Manisa (Türkiye) ilinde dağılış gösteren, M. gibbosus türünün biyolojisi ve ekolojisini ortaya koymak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu çalışma için, arazi çalışmaları Nisan 2003-Eylül 2004 arasında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Temmuz'dan Ağustos'a kadar olan üreme dönemi, türün en aktif olduğu dönem olarak gözlenmiştir. Ayrıca, yavru bakımı, doğum yapma, deri değiştirme, beslenme alışkanlıkları ve ay döngüsünün M. gibbosus üzerindeki etkileri üzerine bazı gözlemler sunulmuştur.

  • Bub, K., & Bowerman, R.F. (1979). Prey capture by the scorpion Hadrurus arizonensis. Journal of Arachnology, 7, 243–253.
  • Benton, T.G. (1992). The ecology of the scorpion Euscorpius flavicaudis in England. Journal of Zoology, 226, 351–368.
  • Benton, T.G. (2001). Reproductive ecology. Pp. 278–301 in Brownell, P.H. & G.A. Polis (eds.). Scorpion Biology and Research. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Brownell, P.H. (1981). Prey detection by the sand scorpion. Scientific American, 251, 86–97.
  • Crucitti, P. (1993). Some topics on distribution patterns of the genus Mesobuthus in the Near East based on ecological data (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Biologia Gallo-hellenica, 20, 69–74.
  • Crucitti, P. (2003). Ricerche bio-ecologiche su Androctonus crassicauda nell’Anatolia sud-orientale. Bollettino della Società entomologica italiana, 135(1), 3-14.
  • Edmunds, M.C., & Sibly, R.M. (2010). Optimal sting use in the feeding behavior of the scorpion Hadrurus spadix. The Journal of Arachnology, 38, 123–125.
  • Fet, V. (1980). Ecology of the scorpions (Arachnida, Scorpiones) of the southeastern Kara-Kum. Entomologicheskoe obozrenie, 59(1), 223-228.
  • Fet, V. (2010). Scorpions of Europe. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 62(1), 3–12.
  • Kaltsas, D., Stathi, I., & Mylonas, M. (2006). The Effect of Insularity on the Seasonal Population Structure of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 44, 1-8.
  • Kaltsas, D., & Mylonas, M. (2007). The population structure of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) on Koufonisi Island (Central Aegean Archipelago, Greece). Euscorpius, 55, 1–8.
  • Kaltsas, D., Stathi, I., & Mylonas, M. (2008). The foraging activity of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in central and south Aegean archipelago. Journal of Natural History, 42(5–8), 513–527.
  • Kaltsas, D., Stathi, I., & Mylonas, M. (2009). Intraspecific differentiation of social behavior and shelter selection in Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brulle´, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Journal of Ethology, 27(3), 467-473.
  • Kaltsas, D., & Mylonas, M. (2010). Locomotory activity and orientation of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in central Aegean Archipelago. Journal of Natural History, 44(23–24), 1445–1459.
  • Kinzelbach, R. (1975). Die Skorpione der Ägäis: Beträge zur Systematik, Phylogenie und Biogeographie, The Aegean Scorpions, Zool. Jb. Syst. Bd., 102, 12-50.
  • Kinzelbach, R. (1982). Die Skorpionssammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums der Stadt Mainz, -Teil I: Europa und Anatolien, Mainzer Naturw. Archiv, 20, 49-66.
  • Kritscher, E. (1993). Ein beitrag zur verbreitung der Skorpione in Östlichen Mittelmeerraum, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B, 94-95, 377- 391.
  • Koç, H., & Yağmur, E.A. (2007). Dağmarmara (Turgutlu-Manisa) Yöresinde Dağılış Gösteren Mesobuthus gibbosus (Scorpiones: Buthidae)'un Yüzey Aktivitesinin Çukur Tuzaklarla Belirlenmesi. Ekoloji, 17(65), 60-64.
  • Levy, G., & Amitai, P. (1980). Scorpiones. In: Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida I., Israel Acad. Sci. Human., Jerusalem, 130 pp.
  • Lourenço, W.R., & Cuellar, O. (1994). Notes on the geography of partheno-genetic scorpions. Biogeographica, 70, 19–23.
  • Lourenço, W.R., & Cuellar, O. (1995). Scorpions, scorpionism, life history strategies and parthenogenesis. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins, 1, 50–64.
  • Lourenço, W.R. (2000). Aspects of the ecology of some savannicolous Brazilian scorpions. Biogeographica, 76(4), 185–192.
  • Matthiesen, F.A. (1962). Parthenogenesis in scorpions. Evolution, 16, 255– 256.
  • McCormick, S.J., & Polis, G.A. (1990). Prey, predators and parasites. Pp. 294–320 in: Polis GA, editor. The biology of scorpions. Stanford (CA): Stanford University Press.
  • McReynolds, C.N. (2004). Temporal patterns in microhabitat use for the scorpion Centruroides vittatus (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 17, 35–45.
  • Polis, G.A. (1979). Prey and feeding phenology of the desert sand scorpion Paruroctonus mesaensis (Scorpionida: Vaejovidae). Journal of Zoology (London), 188, 333–346.
  • Polis, G.A., & Farley, R.D. (1980). Population biology of a desert scorpion: survivorship, microhabitat, and the evolution of life history strategy. Ecology, 61, 620–629.
  • Polis, G.A. (1988). Foraging and evolutionary responses of desert scorpions to harsh environmental periods of food stress. Journal of Arid Environments, 10, 137-146.
  • Polis, G.A. (1990). Ecology. Pp. 247–293 in Polis, G.A. (ed.). The Biology of Scorpions. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.
  • Polis, G.A. (2001). Population and community ecology of desert scorpions. Pp. 302–316 in Brownell, P.H. & G.A. Polis (eds.). Scorpion Biology and Research. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Rein, J.O. (1993). Sting use in two species of Parabuthus scorpions (Buthidae). Journal of Arachnology, 21, 60–63.
  • Rein, J.O. (2003). Prey capture behaviour in the East African scorpions Parabuthus leiosoma (Ehrenberg 1828) and Parabuthus pallidus (Pocock, 1895). Euscorpius, 6, 1–8.
  • Stathi, I. (1998). Distribution of Scorpions in the Central and Eastern Mediterranean Region and Preliminary Results on the Ecology of the Scorpions of Crete (MSc. Thesis). University of Crete, Department of Biology, Irakleio, Greece [in Greek with English summary].
  • Teruel, R., Fet, V., & Armas, L.F. (2004). A Note on the Scorpions from the Pirin Mountains, Southwestern Bulgaria (Scorpiones: Buthidae, Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius, 14, 1-11.
  • Ugolini, A., Carmignani, I., & Vannini M. (1986). Mother-young relationship in Euscorpius: adaptive value of the larval permanence on the mother’s back (Scorpiones, Chactidae). Journal of Arachnology, 14, 43–46.
  • Yiğit, N., Bayram, A., & Danışman, T. (2007). Functional morphology of venom apparatus Euscorpius mingrelicus. Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 1, 27–31.
  • Vannini, M., Ugolini, A., & Marucelli, C. (1978). Notes on the motheryoung relationship in some Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Chactidae). Monitore Zoologico Italiano (N.S.), 12: 143–154.
  • Warburg, M.R., and Elias, R. (1998). The reproductive potential and strategy of Scorpio maurus fuscus (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae): Anatomical clues in the ovariuterus. Journal of Zoology, 246 (1), 29-37.
  • Wiśniewski, O., & Olech, B. (2015). A New Locality of Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) from Montenegro (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius, 205, 1-5.
  • Withers, P.C., & Smith, G.T. (1993). Effect of temperature on the metabolic rate and evaporative water loss of the scorpion Urodacus armatus. Journal of Thermal Biology, 18: 13–18.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Biyoloji
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-0429-2824
Yazar: Halil KOÇ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sinop University, Science and Art Faculty, Biology Department, 57000, Sinop
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Hüseyin ARIKAN
Kurum: Ege University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Zoology Section, 35100, Bornova-İzmir,
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { commagene406174, journal = {Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-456X}, address = {ABADER (Adıyaman Bilimsel Araştırmalar Derneği)}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {34 - 38}, doi = {10.31594/commagene.406174}, title = {Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler}, key = {cite}, author = {ARIKAN, Hüseyin and KOÇ, Halil} }
APA KOÇ, H , ARIKAN, H . (2018). Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler. Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi, 2 (1), 34-38. DOI: 10.31594/commagene.406174
MLA KOÇ, H , ARIKAN, H . "Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler". Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi 2 (2018): 34-38 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/commagene/issue/37919/406174>
Chicago KOÇ, H , ARIKAN, H . "Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler". Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi 2 (2018): 34-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler AU - Halil KOÇ , Hüseyin ARIKAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.31594/commagene.406174 DO - 10.31594/commagene.406174 T2 - Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 34 EP - 38 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2602-456X M3 - doi: 10.31594/commagene.406174 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.31594/commagene.406174 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler %A Halil KOÇ , Hüseyin ARIKAN %T Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler %D 2018 %J Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi %P -2602-456X %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31594/commagene.406174 %U 10.31594/commagene.406174
ISNAD KOÇ, Halil , ARIKAN, Hüseyin . "Mesobuthus gibbosus (Brullé, 1832) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) Üzerinde Biyolojik ve Ekolojik Gözlemler". Kommagene Biyoloji Dergisi 2 / 1 (Haziran 2018): 34-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.31594/commagene.406174