Yıl 2018, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 101 - 108 2018-12-25

Effects of Grazing on Soil Characteristics of Winter Rangeland
Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri

Mehmet Parlak [1] , Cafer Türkmen [2] , Altıngül Özaslan Parlak [3] , Ahmet Gökkuş [4] , Hülya Hanoğlu Oral [5]

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Grazing animals have either positive or negative impacts on soils just based on grazing time and intensity, climate and soil conditions. Grazing over wet soils usually have negative impacts on soil characteristics. This study was conducted to determine the effects of winter sheep grazing on soil physical and chemical characteristics. Soil samples were taken from 0-5 and 5-15 cm soil depth at the beginning and end of experiments. Merino sheep were grazed for 2 months (January and February) over a rangeland as to have 875 m2 space for each sheep. Paired sample t-test results revealed that grazing had significant effects on bulk density, penetrometer resistance, soil moisture, number of microorganisms and catalase enzyme activities (P<0.05). Grazing did not have any significant effects on the other parameters (aggregate stability, organic carbon(C), total nitrogen(N), urease activity). It was concluded that rangelands should not be grazed under wet conditions for the sustainability of the rangelands.

Merada otlayan hayvanlar, otlatmanın zaman ve yoğunluğu ile iklim ve toprak şartlarına bağlı olarak toprağı olumlu ya da olumsuz etkiler. Özellikle topraklar yaş iken yapılan otlatmalar genellikle olumsuz etkiye sahiptir. Bu çalışmada kışın koyun otlatılan doğal merada, bu otlatmanın toprakların fiziksel ve biyolojik özellikleri üzerine etkileri belirlemek için denemenin başlangıcı ve sonunda 0-5 ve 5-15 cm derinliklerden toprak örnekleri alınmıştır. Denemede koyun başına 875 m2 alan düşecek şekilde her yıl kışın 2 ay (ocak ve şubat) Merinos koyunları otlatılmıştır. Uygulanan eş yapma t testi sonucunda otlatmanın hacim ağırlığı, penetrometre direnci, toprak nemi, mikroorganizma sayısı ve katalaz enzim aktivitesi özelliklerine etkisi istatistiksel olarak önemli (P<0.05) bulunmuştur. İncelenen diğer özellikler (agregat stabilitesi, organik karbon (C), toplam azot (N), üreaz aktivitesi) üzerinde otlatmanın önemli etkisi görülmemiştir. Sonuç olarak, meraların sürdürülebilirliği için topraklar ıslak iken otlatılmamalıdır.

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mehmet Parlak (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Cafer Türkmen
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Altıngül Özaslan Parlak
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ahmet Gökkuş
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Hülya Hanoğlu Oral
Kurum: Gıda ve Yem Kontrol Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { comuagri451522, journal = {ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2147-8384}, eissn = {2564-6826}, address = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {101 - 108}, doi = {}, title = {Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Parlak, Mehmet and Hanoğlu Oral, Hülya and Türkmen, Cafer and Özaslan Parlak, Altıngül and Gökkuş, Ahmet} }
APA Parlak, M , Türkmen, C , Özaslan Parlak, A , Gökkuş, A , Hanoğlu Oral, H . (2018). Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri. ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 6 (2), 101-108. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/comuagri/issue/41582/451522
MLA Parlak, M , Türkmen, C , Özaslan Parlak, A , Gökkuş, A , Hanoğlu Oral, H . "Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri". ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 6 (2018): 101-108 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/comuagri/issue/41582/451522>
Chicago Parlak, M , Türkmen, C , Özaslan Parlak, A , Gökkuş, A , Hanoğlu Oral, H . "Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri". ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 6 (2018): 101-108
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri AU - Mehmet Parlak , Cafer Türkmen , Altıngül Özaslan Parlak , Ahmet Gökkuş , Hülya Hanoğlu Oral Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 101 EP - 108 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 2147-8384-2564-6826 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri %A Mehmet Parlak , Cafer Türkmen , Altıngül Özaslan Parlak , Ahmet Gökkuş , Hülya Hanoğlu Oral %T Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri %D 2018 %J ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2147-8384-2564-6826 %V 6 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Parlak, Mehmet , Türkmen, Cafer , Özaslan Parlak, Altıngül , Gökkuş, Ahmet , Hanoğlu Oral, Hülya . "Kış Merasında Otlatmanın Toprağın Bazı Özelliklerine Etkileri". ÇOMÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 6 / 2 (Aralık 2018): 101-108.