Year 2019, Volume 40, Issue 1, Pages 221 - 232 2019-03-22

Afganistan’da Yol Kaplaması Yönetim Sistemi Araştırması
Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan

Sepanta NAIMI [1] , Mohammad Ali KARIMI [2]

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Afganistan, eski altyapı düzenlemesinde önemli bir sorunla karşı karşıyadır. Özellikle yolların yüzeyi sözkonusu olduğunda, birçok yol kaplamasının 30-40 yıl önce yapıldığı ve şimdi ömrünü tamamladığı görülmektedir. Bazı yollar da kötü kullanım, aşırı kullanım ve yanlış yönetim nedeniyle ve ayrıca 30 yıllık savaştan sonra Afganistan’ın yolların iyileştirilmesi ve yenilenmesi bakımından ciddi zorluklarla karşılaşılması nedeniyle kötüleşmiştir. Bunun yanısıra, mevcut ve gelecekteki tehditler de insanların ve ürünlerin hızlı, güvenli ve rahat ulaşımını sağlamak için arzu edilen bu yol kaplamaları işini etkilemektedir. Bunun yanısıra, mevcut yönetim şu anda kullanılmakta olan sistemin değişen koşullarını hesaba katmaya yetecek kadar esnek değil ve kararlar verilmesine yardımcı olmakta zayıf kalıyor.

 Araştırma, yol kaplamalarının bakımına, yeniden yapımına ve işletilmesine ilişkin bir organize prosedürün sağlanmasına yönelik bir Yol Kaplama Yönetim Sistemi başlatmak ve daha iyi görevleri daha ekonomik şekilde ve daha yüksek kaliteyle gerçekleştirmemizi ve bunları arzu edilen sonuca ulaşacak şekilde yapabilmemizi sağlayacak daha esnek bir stratejiyle kullanmayı amaçlamaktadır.

Ayrıca, karar verme sürecine yardımcı olacak ve bunu kolaylaştıracak bir sistem de sunuldu: Micro PAVER yol kaplama yazılımı. Micro PAVER, ABD Mühendisler Kolordusu tarafından geliştirilen bir Yol Kaplama Yönetim Sistemidir. Micro PAVER:

·         Yol kaplama listesini organize etmeye ve geliştirmeye;

·         Yol kaplamalarının çalışma koşulunu analiz etmeye;

·         Geçmişteki ve gelecekteki yol kaplama icraatına yönelik gelecekteki koşulları tahmin etmeye yönelik yöntemler geliştirmeye ve

·         Koşullara, ihtiyaçlara veya bütçeye dayalı olarak yol kaplama bakımına planlar geliştirmeye yönelik yol kaplama yönetimi becerileri sağlıyor.

Bu nedenle, iyi bir yönetim sistemine sahip olmak için yol kaplamalarının bakımına, yeniden yapımına ve işletilmesine ilişkin bir organize yöntem sağlayan bu sistem tercih edilecektir. Bu sistem, yeterince esnek olacak ve kararlar alınmasına yardımcı olacaktır.

Afghanistan is encountering a massive compete in arrangement of old infrastructure. Specially for roads structure, it is found that many roads pavements built 30 to 40 years ago and now it is the end of their life. Other roads had been deteriorated because of misuse, overuse and mismanagement and also after more than 3 decades of conflict Afghanistan encountered keen challenges in rehabilitation and reconstruction of the roads. In addition, present and future threats influence the wished mission of these pavements for fast, safe and comfort transportation of people and goods. Moreover, the current management shows that the system is being used now is not flexible enough to consider on the changing conditions and is poor to assist in making decisions.

This study aims to initiate a Pavement Management System by providing an organized procedure of maintaining, reconstructing, and operating the roads pavements and to utilize in a better flexible strategy that can enable this research to perform better tasks, more economically, higher quality and do it such a manner to achieve a desired result.

A system has been also presented to help and make easier the decision making process. It is Micro PAVER pavement software. Micro PAVER is a Pavement Management System developed by the US Army Corps of Engineers.  Micro PAVER provides pavement management capabilities to:

·         Organize and develop the pavement list.

·         Analyze the running condition of pavements.

·         Develop methods to forecast future conditions report on past and future pavement execution; and

·          Develop plots for pavement maintenance based on condition needs or budget.

Therefore, in order to have a good management system, this system will be preferred which provide an organized method of maintenance, reconstruction and operation of the roads pavements. And the system will be flexible enough and assists in making decisions. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Basic Sciences
Journal Section Engineering Sciences
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-8641-7090
Author: Sepanta NAIMI (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4875-4595
Author: Mohammad Ali KARIMI
Institution: İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { csj471334, journal = {Cumhuriyet Science Journal}, issn = {2587-2680}, eissn = {2587-246X}, address = {Cumhuriyet University}, year = {2019}, volume = {40}, pages = {221 - 232}, doi = {10.17776/csj.471334}, title = {Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan}, key = {cite}, author = {NAIMI, Sepanta and KARIMI, Mohammad Ali} }
APA NAIMI, S , KARIMI, M . (2019). Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan. Cumhuriyet Science Journal, 40 (1), 221-232. DOI: 10.17776/csj.471334
MLA NAIMI, S , KARIMI, M . "Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 (2019): 221-232 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/csj/issue/43798/471334>
Chicago NAIMI, S , KARIMI, M . "Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 (2019): 221-232
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan AU - Sepanta NAIMI , Mohammad Ali KARIMI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17776/csj.471334 DO - 10.17776/csj.471334 T2 - Cumhuriyet Science Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 221 EP - 232 VL - 40 IS - 1 SN - 2587-2680-2587-246X M3 - doi: 10.17776/csj.471334 UR - https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.471334 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Science Journal Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan %A Sepanta NAIMI , Mohammad Ali KARIMI %T Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan %D 2019 %J Cumhuriyet Science Journal %P 2587-2680-2587-246X %V 40 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17776/csj.471334 %U 10.17776/csj.471334
ISNAD NAIMI, Sepanta , KARIMI, Mohammad Ali . "Pavement Management System Investigation in Case of Afghanistan". Cumhuriyet Science Journal 40 / 1 (March 2019): 221-232. https://doi.org/10.17776/csj.471334