Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education
Genel Sistemler Kuramının ve Yapısal Aile Terapisi Yaklaşımının Okul Öncesinde Sınıf Yönetimine Uyarlanması

Mustafa Yaşar [1]

150 198

Abstract

 

The applications and interventions related to classroom management are often based on behaviorist learning theories. While focusing on individual and the behavior, behaviorist learning theories often neglect the context and the patterns of communication through which the behavior arises. This study aims to examine the structure of a classroom by exploring the similarities between classroom and family life. General Systems Theory and Structural Family Therapy were used to explore and  interpret preschool teachers' classroom management experiences. In this study, eight teachers working in an independent preschool in Yuregir, Adana, were chosen to be interviewed twice during different time in a year. These interviews were done to identify their classroom management approaches and explore the management problems that they were experiencing. The data were analyzed through qualitative content analysis. The findings fell into three main categories: behavior patterns, belief systems and context. It was found that when teachers establish a sense of authority in the classroom, when the rules and the expectations were clear and consistent, and when students form a sense of belongingness in the classroom without sacrificing their sense of autonomy, then behavioral problems seemed to be decreased. These findings correspond with those of family studies. 

Öz

Sınıf yönetimine yönelik uygulamalar ve müdahaleler çoğunlukla davranışçı öğrenme kuramlarını temel almaktadır. Davranışçı öğrenme kuramları bireyi ve bireyin davranışlarını uyarıcı-tepki bağı içerisinde ön plana çıkartarak çoğu zaman davranışın ortaya çıktığı bağlamı ve etkileşim örüntülerini görmezden gelmektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı, sınıf ortamı ile aile yaşamı arasındaki benzerlikleri ortaya koyarak sınıf içerisinde oluşan yapıyı incelemek ve okul öncesi öğretmenlerinin yaşadıkları sınıf yönetimi kapsamındaki deneyimlerini ortaya koymak ve onların bu deneyimlerini Genel Sistemler Kuramı ve Yapısal Aile Terapisi kuramsal çerçevesi içerisinde yorumlamaktır. Bu araştırmada, Adana ili Yüreğir ilçesinde bulunan bir bağımsız anaokulunda çalışan sekiz öğretmenle yıl içerisinde farklı dönemlerde olmak üzere ikişer defa görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Bu görüşmelerde öğretmenin sınıf içindeki deneyimleri ve karşılaştığı durumları nasıl algıladıkları sorulmuş, bu görüşmeler kaydedilmiş ve birebir dökümü alınmıştır. Toplanan veriler içerik analizi yapılarak analiz edilmiştir. Bulgular temel olarak; döngüsel davranış kalıpları, inanç ve değerler ve çevresel etkenler olmak üzere üç ana kategoride toplanmaktadır. Sonuç olarak, öğretmenlerin otorite kurabildiği, kuralların net ve beklentilerin tutarlı olduğu ve sınıf içerisinde çocukların kendi bireysel özerkliklerinden vazgeçmeden kendilerini sınıfa ait hissettikleri sınıflarda davranış problemlerinin azaldığı ve pozitif bir sınıf atmosferinin oluştuğu görülmektedir. Bu bulgular aile araştırmaları bulgularıyla örtüşmektedir.



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Subjects Educational Sciences
Journal Section Article
Authors

Author: Mustafa Yaşar
Institution: Çukurova Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { cuefd300993, journal = {Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-9967}, eissn = {2149-116X}, address = {Cukurova University}, year = {}, volume = {46}, pages = {665 - 696}, doi = {}, title = {Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education}, key = {cite}, author = {Yaşar, Mustafa} }
APA Yaşar, M . (). Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education. Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 46 (2), 665-696. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/cuefd/issue/31467/300993
MLA Yaşar, M . "Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education". Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 46 (): 665-696 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/cuefd/issue/31467/300993>
Chicago Yaşar, M . "Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education". Çukurova Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 46 (): 665-696
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Adaptation of General System Theory and Structural Family Therapy Aproach to Classroom Management in Early Childhood Education AU - Mustafa Yaşar Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Cukurova University Faculty of Education Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 665 EP - 696 VL - 46 IS - 2 SN - 1302-9967-2149-116X M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
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