Yıl 2018, Cilt 21, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 103 - 108 2018-07-29

In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement
Geleneksel Cam İyonomer İçerisine Katılmış Klorheksidin+Benzalkonyum Klorid Karışımının Mikrosertlik ve Florür Salım Özelliklerinin İn-vitro Değerlendirilmesi

Tamer TÜZÜNER [1]

79 91

Objectives: In atraumatic restorative dentistry, the usage of antibacterial materials with glass ionomer cements (GICs) are considered as beneficial for eliminating the residual caries under the restoration. However, adding such antibacterials to the GIC could lead harmful effects on the pyhsical and chemical properties of the cement nature. Thus, it was aimed to analyze the microhardness and fluoride releasing alterations of chlorhexidine (CHX)+benzalkonium chloride (BC) antibacterial (AB) mixtures which were added to the powder of conventional glass ionomer cement (CGIC).

Materials and Method: The powders of AB (1% CHX+1% BC) were added to the powders of CGIC and selected as experimental group  (EXP). Antibacterial free CGIC was assigned as control (CNT). Vickers micro hardness measurements (VHN; n=10, for each group) and fluoride releasing (FR; n=10; for each group) amounts were calculated at days 1 and 7. Mann Whitney U and Wilcoxon tests were used for statistical analysis at a significance value of p<0.05.

Results: Significantly higher VHN values were obtained in CNT compared to the EXP group at days 1 (p<0.001) and 7 (p<0.001). Significantly increased VHN values observed at day 7 compared to the day 1 in CNT (p<0.01) and EXP (p<0.05) groups. The FRA revealed no significant differences between CNT and EXP at days 1 (p>0.05) and 7 (p>0.05). Significantly higher FR values were shown at day 7 compared to the day 1 in CNT (p<0.01) and EXP (p<0.01).

Conclusions: It can be concluded that, even the usage of 1% CHX + 1% BC mixtures with the CGIC may be more problematic for microhardness values but acceptable  for fluoride releasing properties compared to the CNT group, reasonable time dependent alterations observed in VHN and FR results should not be overlooked for future studies.

Amaç: Atravmatik restoratif tedavide, antibakteriyel materyallerin cam iyonomer siman (CİS) ile birlikte kullanımının restorasyon altındaki bakterilerin eliminasyonunda yararlı olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bununla birlikte çeşitli antibakteriyel materyallerin CİS’lara eklenmesi sonucunda simanın yapısında zararlı fiziksel ve kimyasal değişimler oluşabilir. Bu nedenle, bu araştırmada Klorheksidin (KHX)+ Benzalkonyum klorid (BK) karışımı geleneksel cam iyonomer siman (GCİS)’ın tozunun içerisine katılarak mikrosertlik ve flüorür salım özelliklerindeki değişimlerin analiz edilmesi amaçlandı.

Gereç ve Yöntem: %1 KHX+%1 BK karışımı GCİS’nın tozu içerisine katılarak deney grubu oluşturuldu (DNY). Antibakteriyel içermeyen GCİS ise kontrol grubu olarak belirlendi (KNT). Vickers mikrosertlik ölçümleri (VMS; n=10; her bir grupta) ve florür salım (FS; n=10, her bir grupta) miktarları 1 ve 7. günlerde hesaplandı. İstatistiksel analiz için Mann Whitney U ve Wilcoxon testleri p<0.05 düzeyinde kullanıldı.

Bulgular: Birinci (p<0.001) ve 7. (p<0.001) günlerde KNT grubunda DNY grubu ile karşılaştırıldığında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı daha yüksek VMS değerleri elde edildi. Yedinci gün değerleri 1.gün ile karşılaştırıldığında KNT (p<0.01) ve DNY (p<0.05) gruplarında anlamlı düzeyde artan VMS değerleri gözlendi. Florür salım miktarları 1. ve 7. Günlerde KNT (p>0.05) ve DNY (p>0.05) grupları arasında anlamlı farklılık göstermedi. Yedinci gün değerleri 1.gün ile karşılaştırıldığında ise KNT (p<0.01) ve DNY (p<0.01) gruplarında anlamlı düzeyde daha yüksek FS değerleri gösterdi.

Sonuç: %1 KHX+%1 BK karışımının GCİS ile birlikte kullanımın mikrosertlik değerleri için problemli ancak florür salım özellikleri için KNT grubuna göre daha az ciddi sorun oluşturmasının yanısıra, VMS ve FS sonuçlarının zamana bağlı olarak değişimlerinin kabul edilebilir olduğu konusunun, gelecekte yapılacak olan araştırmalarda göz ardı edilmemesi gerektiği kanısına varılabilir.

Anahtar kelimeler: geleneksel cam iyonomer siman, klorheksidin, benzalkonyum klorid, yüzey mikrosertliği, florür

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Yazar: Tamer TÜZÜNER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { cumudj407334, journal = {Cumhuriyet Dental Journal}, issn = {1302-5805}, eissn = {2146-2852}, address = {Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {21}, pages = {103 - 108}, doi = {10.7126/cumudj.407334}, title = {In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement}, key = {cite}, author = {TÜZÜNER, Tamer} }
APA TÜZÜNER, T . (2018). In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement. Cumhuriyet Dental Journal, 21 (2), 103-108. DOI: 10.7126/cumudj.407334
MLA TÜZÜNER, T . "In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement". Cumhuriyet Dental Journal 21 (2018): 103-108 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/cumudj/issue/36953/407334>
Chicago TÜZÜNER, T . "In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement". Cumhuriyet Dental Journal 21 (2018): 103-108
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement AU - Tamer TÜZÜNER Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.7126/cumudj.407334 DO - 10.7126/cumudj.407334 T2 - Cumhuriyet Dental Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 103 EP - 108 VL - 21 IS - 2 SN - 1302-5805-2146-2852 M3 - doi: 10.7126/cumudj.407334 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.7126/cumudj.407334 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Dental Journal In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement %A Tamer TÜZÜNER %T In-vitro evaluation of the microhardness and fluoride releasing properties of chlorhexidine+benzalkonium chloride mixtures incorporated into conventional glass ionomer cement %D 2018 %J Cumhuriyet Dental Journal %P 1302-5805-2146-2852 %V 21 %N 2 %R doi: 10.7126/cumudj.407334 %U 10.7126/cumudj.407334
ISNAD TÜZÜNER, Tamer . "Geleneksel Cam İyonomer İçerisine Katılmış Klorheksidin+Benzalkonyum Klorid Karışımının Mikrosertlik ve Florür Salım Özelliklerinin İn-vitro Değerlendirilmesi". Cumhuriyet Dental Journal 21 / 2 (Temmuz 2018): 103-108. http://dx.doi.org/10.7126/cumudj.407334