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Cumhuriyet Dental Journal (CDJ) is the Official Publication of the Cumhuriyet University, Faculty of Dentistry.

CDJ accepts original experimental investigations and review articles concerning topics of clinical relevance to the general dental practitioner. Case reports and technique articles will be very critically reviewed in terms of interest to the general dental practitioner and the supporting data provided.

CDJ accepts articles in English.

Frequency: Three times a year (April, August, and December)

CDJ is published using an open access publication model, meaning that all interested readers are able to freely access the journal online without the need for a subscription.

Manuscripts will be reviewed by the editor, and at least two reviewers with expertise within the scope of the article.In addition, CDJ use blind review process (every effort is made to prevent the identities of the authors and reviewers from being known to each other)

Double-Blind Peer Review Process

CDJ uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. Within this aim, the authors need to ensure that their manuscripts are prepared in a way that does not give away their identity.  Editors will email selected Reviewers the title and abstract of the submission, as well as an invitation to log into the journal web site to complete the review. Reviewers enter the journal web site to agree to do the review, to download submissions, submit their comments, and select a recommendation.

The typical period of time allowed for reviews: 6 weeks
Note: Can be modified during the editorial process.

Reviewers will have access to the submission file only after agreeing to review it.

CDJ ACCEPTS ARTICLES IN ENGLISH.

Authors whose native language is not English should obtain the assistance of an expert in English and scientific writing before submitting their manuscripts. Manuscripts that do not meet basic language standards will be returned pre-review.

Authors are requested to submit their original manuscript and figures via the online submission and editorial system for Cumhuriyet Dental Journal. Using this online system, authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the system to publication. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions to the editor. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process.


Format 
General 
Manuscript length depends on manuscript type. Paper dimensions should be 8.5 × 11 inches with 2.5 cm margins on all sides. Please use normal, plain font (12-point Times New Roman) and number all pages consecutively. Indent or space paragraphs.
Articles should be arranged in the following order. Title, Abstract (Also Turkish abstract for native authors), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements, References, Tables and Legends to Illustrations.

Title page  (PLEASE UPLOAD TITLE PAGE APART FROM MANUSCRIPT.)
-Title 
-Authors (first name, middle initial, surname) e.g. İhsan Hubbezoglu, DDS, PhD,a
-Authors' addresses (abbreviated) e.g. 
aProfessor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey.


-If the research was presented before an organized group, type the name of the organization and the location and date of the meeting.

PLEASE UPLOAD TITLE PAGE APART FROM MANUSCRIPT.

TITLE PAGE SHOULD BE UPLOADED AS A SUPPLEMENTARY FILE.

-Corresponding Author details (essential): Name, complete address, phone, fax, and E-mail numbers

Abstract
Should not exceed 300 words and should be presented under the following subheadings: Objectives, Materials and Methods; Results; Conclusions (For Reviews: Objectives; Data; Sources; Study selection; Conclusions). These subheadings should appear in the text of the summary. Provide a short, nonstructured, 1-paragraph abstract that briefly summarizes the problem encountered and treatment administered for clinical report.

Keywords 
Up to 10 keywords should be supplied according to MESH.

Introduction
This must be presented in a structured format, covering the following subjects, although not under subheadings: succinct statements of the issue in question; the essence of existing knowledge and understanding pertinent to the issue; and the aims and objectives of the research being reported. 

Materials and methods 
-describe the procedures and analytical techniques.
-identify names and sources of all commercial products e.g.
magnetic attachment (Hyper Slim 5513, Hitachi Metals, Tokyo, Japan )

Results 
-refer to appropriate tables and figures.
-report statistical findings.

Discussion 
-discuss the results of the study.
-agreement with other studies should also be stated. 
-identify the limitations of the present study, and suggest areas for future research.

Conclusions
-concisely list conclusions that may be drawn from the research.
-do not simply restate the results.

Acknowledgements 
-If the work was supported by a grant or any other kind of funding, supply the name of the supporting organization and the grant number.

References
-References must be identified in the body of the article with superscript Arabic numerals.
-The complete reference list, double spaced and in numerical order, should follow the Conclusions section but start on a separate page. Only references cited in the text should appear in the reference list. 
-Do not include unpublished data or personal communications in the reference list.


Journal reference style:

Akin H, Coskun ME, Sari F, Tugut F. Mechanical success and failure of the different types of dental implants: two years follow up study. Cumhuriyet Dent J 2009;2:121-124.

Book reference style:

Hilton TJ. Direct posterior composite restorations. In: Schwartz RS, Summitt JB, Robbins JW (eds). Fundamentals of Operative Dentistry. Chicago: Quintessence,1996:207-228.

Tables and Figures
All tables and figures must be thoroughly discussed in the text of the manuscript.

Tables 

-one table to a page, each with a title.

-number tables in order of mention using Arabic numerals.

-must be able to "stand alone" apart from text.

-for explanatory footnotes, use symbols (*, #,**,##).

 

Figures 

-do not import the figures into the text file.

-figures grouped together should have similar dimensions and be labelled "A, B, C", etc.

-figures should be arranged to the width of 80 mm.

-color and black-and-white photographs should be created and saved at a minimum of 300 dots per inch (dpi).

-figures should be saved in jpeg format.

-The electronic image files must be named so that the figure number and format can be easily identified. For example, a Figure 1 in jpeg format should be named fig 1. Multipart figures must be clearly identifiable by the file names: fig 1A, fig 1B, fig 1C, etc.

 

Graphs 

-unique, concise axis labels; do not repeat the Figure caption.

-uniform size for graphs of similar type.

-type size that will be easily read when the graph is reduced to one column width.

lines that are thick and solid (100% black).


Figure legends 

-list together on a separate page.

-should be complete and understandable apart from the text.

-include key for symbols or abbreviations used in Figures.

OPEN ACCESS POLICY

An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.

For various reasons, this kind of free and unrestricted online availability, which we will call open access, has so far been limited to small portions of the journal literature. But even in these limited collections, many different initiatives have shown that open access is economically feasible, that it gives readers extraordinary power to find and make use of relevant literature, and that it gives authors and their works vast and measurable new visibilityreadership, and impact. To secure these benefits for all, we call on all interested institutions and individuals to help open up access to the rest of this literature and remove the barriers, especially the price barriers, that stand in the way. The more who join the effort to advance this cause, the sooner we will all enjoy the benefits of open access.

The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment. Primarily, this category encompasses their peer-reviewed journal articles, but it also includes any unreviewed preprints that they might wish to put online for comment or to alert colleagues to important research findings. There are many degrees and kinds of wider and easier access to this literature. By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

While  the peer-reviewed journal literature should be accessible online without cost to readers, it is not costless to produce. However, experiments show that the overall costs of providing open access to this literature are far lower than the costs of traditional forms of dissemination. With such an opportunity to save money and expand the scope of dissemination at the same time, there is today a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations, and others to embrace open access as a means of advancing their missions. Achieving open access will require new cost recovery models and financing mechanisms, but the significantly lower overall cost of dissemination is a reason to be confident that the goal is attainable and not merely preferable or utopian.

To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, we recommend two complementary strategies. 

I.  Self-Archiving: First, scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly called, self-archiving. When these archives conform to standards created by the Open Archives Initiative, then search engines and other tools can treat the separate archives as one. Users then need not know which archives exist or where they are located in order to find and make use of their contents.

II. Open-access Journals: Second, scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access. Because journal articles should be disseminated as widely as possible, these new journals will no longer invoke copyright to restrict access to and use of the material they publish. Instead they will use copyright and other tools to ensure permanent open access to all the articles they publish. Because price is a barrier to access, these new journals will not charge subscription or access fees, and will turn to other methods for covering their expenses. There are many alternative sources of funds for this purpose, including the foundations and governments that fund research, the universities and laboratories that employ researchers, endowments set up by discipline or institution, friends of the cause of open access, profits from the sale of add-ons to the basic texts, funds freed up by the demise or cancellation of journals charging traditional subscription or access fees, or even contributions from the researchers themselves. There is no need to favor one of these solutions over the others for all disciplines or nations, and no need to stop looking for other, creative alternatives.


Open access to peer-reviewed journal literature is the goal. Self-archiving (I.) and a new generation of open-access journals (II.) are the ways to attain this goal. They are not only direct and effective means to this end, they are within the reach of scholars themselves, immediately, and need not wait on changes brought about by markets or legislation. While we endorse the two strategies just outlined, we also encourage experimentation with further ways to make the transition from the present methods of dissemination to open access. Flexibility, experimentation, and adaptation to local circumstances are the best ways to assure that progress in diverse settings will be rapid, secure, and long-lived.

The Open Society Institute, the foundation network founded by philanthropist George Soros, is committed to providing initial help and funding to realize this goal. It will use its resources and influence to extend and promote institutional self-archiving, to launch new open-access journals, and to help an open-access journal system become economically self-sustaining. While the Open Society Institute's commitment and resources are substantial, this initiative is very much in need of other organizations to lend their effort and resources.

We invite governments, universities, libraries, journal editors, publishers, foundations, learned societies, professional associations, and individual scholars who share our vision to join us in the task of removing the barriers to open access and building a future in which research and education in every part of the world are that much more free to flourish.

Submitting a paper to CDJ is free of charges. In addition, CDJ has not have article processing charges.


Plagiarism and Ethics

CDJ aims to the highest standards with regard to research integrity and in particular the avoidance of plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. It is therefore essential that authors, before they submit a paper, particular attention should be paid When submitting a paper on CDJ, authors will be prompted as to whether they have read and agree to these guidelines before proceeding further with their submission. They will be asked specifically for an assurance that the paper contains no element of data fabrication, data falsification or plagiarism (including unacknowledged self-plagiarism). Authors are reminded that, where they draw upon material from another source, they must either put that material in the form of a quote, OR write it entirely in their own words (i.e. there is no 'middle way'). In both cases, they must explicitly cite the source, including the specific page number in the case of a quote or a particular point.

CDJ uses Ithenticate: Plagiarism  Detection Software