Year 2019, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 31 - 38 2019-01-31

Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite
Exercise and Neuroplasticity

Osman ÖZOCAK [1] , Seda GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL [2] , Asuman GÖLGELİ [3]

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Nöroplastisite, sinir sisteminin yapısını, işlevini ve bağlantılarını yeniden yapılandırarak iç veya dış uyaranlara cevap verme kabiliyetidir. Nöroplastisite, moleküler yapıdan hücresel yapıya, sistemlere, davranışlara kadar pek çok düzeyde tanımlanabilir. Plastisite konusunda yapılan çalışmaların amacı genel olarak beyin hastalıklarını tedavi etmek ve daha güçlü bir hafızaya sahip olabilmektir. Uyarılan bir nöron çevresindeki diğer nöronları uyararak, nöroplastik değişimlere sebep olabilir. Son yıllarda klinik açıdan ağrı, depresyon, şizofreni gibi zihinsel bozukluklar, merkezi sinir sistemi (MSS) yaralanması, inme, Parkinson gibi nörodejeneratif hastalıklar, alkol bağımlılığı, pediatrik / gelişimsel bozukluklar, yaşlanma gibi pek çok faktörün nöroplastisite üzerine etkileri, etki mekanizmaları ve nöroplastisitenin terapötik etkileri üzerine çok sayıda araştırmalar yapılmıştır. Egzersizin nöroplastisite, nörodejeneratif hastalıklar ile zihinsel gelişim, öğrenme ve davranış gibi kognitif fonksiyonlar üzerine olan etkileri hem insanlarda hem de hayvanlarda yapılan birçok çalışmada gösterilmiştir. Bu derlemenin amacı; egzersizin nöroplastisite, nöroplastisite ile ilgili faktörler ve nörodejeneratif hastalıklar üzerine olan etkilerini göstererek, egzersizin nöroplastik değişimle tedaviye yönelik kazanımlarını vurgulamaktır.

Neuroplasticity, the structure, function of the nervous system and reconfigure internal links or external stimuli is the ability to respond. Neuroplasticity, molecular structure to the cellular structure, systems, and behavior can be defined on many levels. The aim of the studies on plasticity is to treat brain diseases in general and to have a stronger memory. When stimulated by stimulating other neurons around a neuron, may lead to changes in neuroplastic. In recent years, such as schizophrenia, depression, pain, clinical aspects of mental disorders, central nervous system (CNS) injury, stroke, Parkinson’s, such as neurodegenerative diseases, alcohol abuse, pediatric/developmental disorders, aging and many other factor the effects of neuroplasticity, mechanisms of action and therapeutic effects of numerous studies on neuroplasticity. The effects of exercise on cognitive functions such as neuroplasticity, neurodegenerative diseases via mental development, learning and behavior have been demonstrated in many studies in both humans and animals. The purpose of this review is to demonstrate the effects of exercise on neuroplasticity, neuroplasticity-related factors and neurodegenerative diseases.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Derlemeler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3462-0393
Author: Osman ÖZOCAK (Primary Author)
Institution: Erciyes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Fizyoloji Anabiilim Dalı
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-2368-9827
Author: Seda GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK HİZMETLERİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU

Orcid: 0000-0002-9004-8563
Author: Asuman GÖLGELİ
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, TEMEL TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, FİZYOLOJİ ANABİLİM DALI

Bibtex @review { duzcesbed446500, journal = {Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2146-443X}, address = {Duzce University}, year = {2019}, volume = {9}, pages = {31 - 38}, doi = {10.33631/duzcesbed.446500}, title = {Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZOCAK, Osman and GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL, Seda and GÖLGELİ, Asuman} }
APA ÖZOCAK, O , GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL, S , GÖLGELİ, A . (2019). Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite. Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 9 (1), 31-38. DOI: 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500
MLA ÖZOCAK, O , GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL, S , GÖLGELİ, A . "Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite". Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019): 31-38 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/duzcesbed/issue/42911/446500>
Chicago ÖZOCAK, O , GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL, S , GÖLGELİ, A . "Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite". Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 (2019): 31-38
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite AU - Osman ÖZOCAK , Seda GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL , Asuman GÖLGELİ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500 DO - 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500 T2 - Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 31 EP - 38 VL - 9 IS - 1 SN - -2146-443X M3 - doi: 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500 UR - https://doi.org/10.33631/duzcesbed.446500 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite %A Osman ÖZOCAK , Seda GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL , Asuman GÖLGELİ %T Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite %D 2019 %J Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P -2146-443X %V 9 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500 %U 10.33631/duzcesbed.446500
ISNAD ÖZOCAK, Osman , GÜNDÜZ BAŞÇIL, Seda , GÖLGELİ, Asuman . "Egzersiz ve Nöroplastisite". Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 9 / 1 (January 2019): 31-38. https://doi.org/10.33631/duzcesbed.446500