Year 2019, Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 119 - 129 2019-01-01

Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth
İhracat Değer Zincirlerine Bağlanmanın Toplam Faktör Verimliliği Üzerine Etkisi

Halit YANIKKAYA [1] , Abdullah ALTUN [2]

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The level of forward participation in global value chains is expressed as the presence of domestic value added in the exports of other countries while the level of backward participation in global value chains is expressed as the presence of the foreign value added came from other countries in the exports of the domestic country. In this study, in addition to the gross exports, GDP and exports of value added are used as denominators in the participation indices in the empirical analysis. Thus, the impacts of domestic and foreign value added in the export value chains on the total factor productivity growth are estimated for the years between 1995 and 2014 by using the dynamic panel data techniques. Our estimation results from the full sample indicate that although higher backward participation reduces TFP growth, higher forward participation raises TFP growth for the full sample. We also find the significant positive results for backward and forward participation only for developed countries. Thus, our results mainly imply that developing countries do not able to benefit from participating in export value chains either backwardly or forwardly. 

Küresel değer zincirlerine ileriye doğru katılım düzeyi başka ülkelerin ihracatında yerel katma değer ile varlık gösterilmesi olarak ifade edilirken geriye doğru katılım düzeyi ise başka ülkelerin ilgili ülkenin ihracatında yerel katma değerleriyle varlık göstermesi olarak ifade edilmektedir. Bu noktadan hareketle, yaygın olarak kullanılan küresel değer zincirlerine katılım endeksleri, küresel değer zincirlerinin alt zincirleri sayılabilecek ihracat değer zincirlerindeki yerel ve yabancı katma değerin rekabetini ifade etmektedirler. Bu çalışmada, ampirik analizlere dahil edilen küresel değer zincirlerine katılım indekslerinin paydalarında brüt ihracata ek olarak GSYH ve katma değer ihracatı da kullanılmıştır. Bu farklı endekslerle ihracat değer zincirlerindeki yerel ve yabancı katma değer rekabetinin toplam faktör verimliliği üzerindeki etkileri dinamik panel veri modeli kullanılarak 1995-2014 yılları için tahmin edilmiştir. Veri setini ülke gruplarına göre ayırmadan yaptığımız tahminde, ileriye doğru katılımın toplam faktör verimliliği üzerindeki anlamlı pozitif etkisini ve geriye doğru katılımın da anlamlı negatif etkisini gösterdik. Veri setini gelir düzeyine göre ayırdığımızda, gelişmiş ülkeler için hem geriye hem de ileriye doğru katılımın pozitif etkisini tahmin ettik. Özellikle vurgulanması gereken bir bulgu olarak da, gelişmekte olan ülkelerin ihracat değer zincirlerine gerek geriye gerekse ileriye doğru katılımlarının verimlilik artışı üzerinde olumlu bir etkisini tahmin etmedik. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Management
Journal Section Research Article

Orcid: 0000-0003-1542-0174
Author: Halit YANIKKAYA (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0003-4039-8458
Author: Abdullah ALTUN

Bibtex @research article { eab517409, journal = {Ege Academic Review}, issn = {1303-099X}, address = {Ege University}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {119 - 129}, doi = {}, title = {Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth}, key = {cite}, author = {YANIKKAYA, Halit and ALTUN, Abdullah} }
APA YANIKKAYA, H , ALTUN, A . (2019). Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth. Ege Academic Review, 19 (1), 119-129. Retrieved from
MLA YANIKKAYA, H , ALTUN, A . "Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth". Ege Academic Review 19 (2019): 119-129 <>
Chicago YANIKKAYA, H , ALTUN, A . "Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth". Ege Academic Review 19 (2019): 119-129
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth AU - Halit YANIKKAYA , Abdullah ALTUN Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Ege Academic Review JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 119 EP - 129 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - 1303-099X- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Ege Academic Review Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth %A Halit YANIKKAYA , Abdullah ALTUN %T Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth %D 2019 %J Ege Academic Review %P 1303-099X- %V 19 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD YANIKKAYA, Halit , ALTUN, Abdullah . "Impacts of Participation in Export Value Chains on TFP Growth". Ege Academic Review 19 / 1 (January 2019): 119-129.