Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 909 - 916 2018-09-30

Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey
Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey

Akif KARAFİL [1] , Harun ÖZBAY [2]

11 24

In this study, the design of the components in the system was carried out in order to meet the energy of a stand-alone farm house in Bilecik city only by a photovoltaic (PV) system. Firstly, the loads to be used in the farm house have been determined and it has been calculated that the average energy consumption of the house is 5.58 kWh per day. It was determined that it would be appropriate to use OPzS batteries in the system in order not to have power outage even if there is no solar radiation for 4 days. Under these conditions, it was estimated that 28 batteries 2 OPzS 100 model and 12 V values would be needed in the system. Since the farm house is thought to be used during the whole year, PV panels are estimated to be located at the tilt angle of 40° on the roof, which is the latitude of the city. It has been calculated that 12 PV panels with Per Light 100 Wp PLM-100P/12 model should be used for the system. It has been proposed to use a central inverter system for the design and it is calculated that the inverter should be at least 6 kW power. 

In this study, the design of the components in the system was carried out in order to meet the energy of a stand-alone farm house in Bilecik city only by a photovoltaic (PV) system. Firstly, the loads to be used in the farm house have been determined and it has been calculated that the average energy consumption of the house is 5.58 kWh per day. It was determined that it would be appropriate to use OPzS batteries in the system in order not to have power outage even if there is no solar radiation for 4 days. Under these conditions, it was estimated that 28 batteries 2 OPzS 100 model and 12 V values would be needed in the system. Since the farm house is thought to be used during the whole year, PV panels are estimated to be located at the tilt angle of 40° on the roof, which is the latitude of the city. It has been calculated that 12 PV panels with Per Light 100 Wp PLM-100P/12 model should be used for the system. It has been proposed to use a central inverter system for the design and it is calculated that the inverter should be at least 6 kW power.

  • [1] Chowdhury, S. A., Mourshed, M., "Off-grid electrification with solar home systems: An appraisal of the quality of components", Renewable Energy, 2016, 97: 585-598.
  • [2] Al-Addous, M., Dalala, Z., Class, C. B., Alawneh, F., Al-Taani, H., "Performance analysis of off-grid PV systems in the Jordan valley", Renewable Energy, 2017, 113: 930-941.
  • [3] Yahyaoui, I., Chaabene, M., Tadeo, F., "Evaluation of Maximum Power Point Tracking algorithm for off-grid photovoltaic pumping", Sustainable Cities and Society, 2016, 25: 65-73.
  • [4] Karafil, A., Ozbay, H., Kesler, M., "Temperature and solar radiation effects on photovoltaic panel power", Journal of New Results in Science, 2016, 5(12): 48-58.
  • [5] Ibrahim, O. E. E., "Sizing stand-alone photovoltaic systems for various locations in Sudan", Applied Energy, 1995, 52(2): 133-140.
  • [6] Fara, L., Craciunescu, D., "Output analysis of stand-alone PV systems: modeling, simulation and control", Energy Procedia, 2017, 112: 595-605.
  • [7] Notton, G., Muselli, M., Poggi, P., "Costing of a stand-alone photovoltaic system", Energy, 1998, 23(4): 289-308.
  • [8] Ozbay, H., Karafil, A., Onal, Y., Kesler, M., Parmaksiz, H., "The monitoring of monthly, seasonal and yearly optimum tilt angles by raspberry pi card for Bilecik city, Turkey", Energy Procedia, 2017, 113: 311-318.
  • [9] Li, C., Zhou, D., Yu, W., Wang, H., Zhu, D., Sun, M., Li, G., "Performance of off-grid residential solar photovoltaic power systems using five solar tracking modes in Kunming, China", International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017, 42(10): 6502-6510.
  • [10] Musa, I., Haruna, I. U., Haruna, A., "Design of an off grid photovoltaic system: A case study of government technical college, Wudil, Kano State", International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2013, 2(12): 175-181.
  • [11] Khatami, M., Mortazavi, H., Mashhadi, M. R., Oloomi, M., "Designing an off-grid PV system: For a residential consumer in Mashhad-Iran", In AFRICON, IEEE, 1-5, (2013).
  • [12] February, J., Mbav, W. N., Chowdhury, S., "Economic analysis of a stand-alone residential solar PV system for a typical South African middle income household", In Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 48th International Universities'. IEEE, 4-6, (2013).
  • [13] Chikh, A., Chandra, A., "Sizing and power management for a stand-alone PV system in cold climate", In Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), IEEE PES., 1-6, (2012).
  • [14] Öztürk, A., Dursun, M., "2, 10 ve 20 KVA’lık fotovoltaik sistem tasarımı", In 6th International Advanced Technologies Symposium (IATS’11), 16-18, (2011).
  • [15] Kulworawanichpong, T., Mwambeleko, J. J., "Design and costing of a stand-alone solar photovoltaic system for a Tanzanian rural household", Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 2015, 12: 53-59.
  • [16] Guda, H. A., Aliyu, U. O., "Design of a stand-alone photovoltaic system for a residence in Bauchi", International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2015, 5(1): 34-44.
  • [17] Hegedus, S., Okubo, N., "Real BOS and system costs of off-grid PV installations in the US: 1987-2004", In Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, Conference Record of the Thirty-first IEEE, 1651-1654, (2005).
  • [18] Karafil, A., Ozbay, H., Kesler, M., Parmaksiz, H., "Calculation of optimum fixed tilt angle of PV panels depending on solar angles and comparison of the results with experimental study conducted in summer in Bilecik, Turkey", In Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ELECO), 9th International Conference on. IEEE, 971-976, (2015).
  • [19] Jackson, F., “Planning and installing photovoltaic systems. A guide for installers, architects and engineers second edition”, Londra, İngiltere, 10, (2008).
  • [20] Rusch, W., Stahlkopf, I., "Reliable power supply for remote telecom facilities", In Telecommunication-Energy Special Conference (TELESCON), 4th International Conference on VDE, 1-6, (2009).
  • [21] Bikos, N., Laochoojaroenkit, K., “Building integrated photovoltaics-tools for implementation and design approaches”, (2012).
  • [22] Kubalik, P., Misak, S., Stuchly, J., Vramba, J., Uher, M., "Suitable energy storage in Off-Grid systems", In Environment and Electrical Engineering (EEEIC), 14th International Conference on. IEEE, 345-349, (2014).
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Akif KARAFİL
Kurum: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Harun ÖZBAY
Kurum: BİLECİK ŞEYH EDEBALİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ecjse352826, journal = {El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering}, issn = {2148-3736}, address = {Selami ŞAŞMAZ}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {909 - 916}, doi = {10.31202/ecjse.352826}, title = {Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZBAY, Harun and KARAFİL, Akif} }
APA KARAFİL, A , ÖZBAY, H . (2018). Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey. El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering, 5 (3), 909-916. DOI: 10.31202/ecjse.352826
MLA KARAFİL, A , ÖZBAY, H . "Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey". El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering 5 (2018): 909-916 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ecjse/issue/39488/352826>
Chicago KARAFİL, A , ÖZBAY, H . "Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey". El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering 5 (2018): 909-916
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey AU - Akif KARAFİL , Harun ÖZBAY Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.31202/ecjse.352826 DO - 10.31202/ecjse.352826 T2 - El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 909 EP - 916 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - 2148-3736- M3 - doi: 10.31202/ecjse.352826 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.352826 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey %A Akif KARAFİL , Harun ÖZBAY %T Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey %D 2018 %J El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering %P 2148-3736- %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.31202/ecjse.352826 %U 10.31202/ecjse.352826
ISNAD KARAFİL, Akif , ÖZBAY, Harun . "Design of Stand-Alone PV System on a Farm House in Bilecik City, Turkey". El-Cezeri Journal of Science and Engineering 5 / 3 (Eylül 2018): 909-916. http://dx.doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.352826