Wetlands of which importance has been begun to
understand better day by day, are rapidly contaminated as results of population
growth, irregular urbanization, industrialization and agricultural activities.
The Lake of (Bird) Manyas of Balıkesir, which is one of the most important
wetlands protected with Ramsar Convention and hosts Bird Paradise National Park
in is under the high pollution risks because of increasing industrial
activities in its surrounding. Furthermore, in consequence of the lack of knowledge
on the current pollution levels of the lake and the impact of industries on the
lake, the management plans prepared to lake protection cannot be all got in the
act and not be executed in a seriously. For this reason, by determining the general
state of the lake, taking of measures to minimize pollution and ensuring of
sustainability of the ecosystem is of great importance. In this study, to
determine pollution level of the Manyas Lake and sectoral effects on, in
addition to conventional parameters, other pollution parameters determined by
considering of the lake stress elements were examined. In the monitoring stage,
from the previously determined sampling points of the lake and streams, water
and sediment samples were taken by manual sampling method and analysed to
determine the type, amount and change of contaminants. Results obtained from
the monitoring studies carried out in last four years compared with Water
Pollution Control Regulations (WPCR) of Turkey. It was concluded that the main
pollution parameters of the lake were determined as Dissolved Oxigen (DO),
Chemical Oxigen Demand (COD), Nitrate, Phosphate, Copper, Lead and Zinc.
According to the specified pollutants, wastes from agricultural activities,
mining activities, poultry farms and slaughterhouses mostly reach to the lake.
It is concluded that these sectors are the major stress factors for the lake.
Bird Paradise, Contaminants, Manyas Lake