Büyük Cırcıp Yeraltısuyu Besleme Brajının HYDRUS-1D ile Modellenmesi
Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D

Issam Ali [1] , Ahmet Dogan [2]

108 175

Bu çalışmada Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesinin bir parçası olan Fırat Nehrinin Kollarından biri üzerindeki Büyükcırcıp Yeraltısuyu Besleme barajının 100-Yıllık taşkın ve ortalama yllık akımlara göre modellemesi yapılmıştır. Barajda yağışlı mevsimlerdeki yüzeysel akışlardan toplanan suların ne kadarının hangi sürede yeraltına boşaldığı HYDRUS-1D programı yardımıyla yapılan modelle belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Modelleme sonucunda reservuar tabanındaki 15-m kalınlığındaki alüvyon tabakanın sızmayı zorlaştrdığı, bunu hızlandıröak için bu tabakada enjeksiyon kuyuları açılarak sızmanın hızlandırılabilecği önerilmiştir.

The purpose of this research is estimation of duration and amount of infiltration from the dam reservoir of Büyük Cırcıp groundwater recharge dam by Hydrus-1D model. Büyük Cırcıp groundwater recharge dam is one of the element of the southeastern Anatolian project in Turkey located on one of minor watercourse of great Euphrates River. The collected flood waters from rainy season (from October to May) are controlled by this small dam with 1.75 hm3 storage volume. The recharge dam reservoir bed has 15 meters thick alluvium layer overlain a permeable limestone. Groundwater depth under the reservoir is about 55 meters. The water seepage in this groundwater recharge dam is considered mainly vertical in the z-direction, therefore HYDRUS-1D software is suitable for modeling such 1-D infiltration. HYDRUS-1D, one of the most widely used models, can model water flow and solutes transport through the variable saturation media. The model uses finite element method for solving the Richards flow equation and contaminant transport equation. In this study, the model was used to calculate amount and duration of infiltration effectively under two cases: 1) 100-years flood and 2) annual flow. Results show that the time to fill up the dam depends on the hydrograph characteristics while the time to empty is related to the hydrogeological character of the reservoir bed alluvium. A sensitivity analysis for hydraulic conductivity of the alluvium was performed using the model. According to the results, technical recommendations were suggested to improve the efficiency by implementing a group of recharge wells to accelerate water infiltration through 15-m thick alluvium layer under the reservoir that has low permeability. The annual potential groundwater recharge for the basin was reported 97 hm3/year, however, this study shows that the infiltrated water into the ground through Büyük Cırcıp dam is about 10 hm3/year, which is one of 13 dam projects are planned to be implemented by GAP.

  • L. Levidow, D. Zaccaria, R. Maia, E. Vivas, M. Todorovic, A. Scardigno, Improving water-efficient irrigation: prospects and difficulties of innovative practices Agric. Water Manag., 146 (2014), pp. 84-94
  • Butts, K.H., The Strategic Importance of Water, US Army War College Quarterly 27:1(Spring 1997)
  • Mardin İli 2014 Yili Çevre Durum Raporu. (2015). Mardin: T.C. Mardin Valiliği Çevre Ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü, pp.14-28.
  • Atalay I, Efe R (2010) Structural and distributional evaluation of forest ecosystems in Turkey. J Env Biol 31 (Special issue). pp. 61-70
  • J Simunek, MT Van Genuchten, M Sejna - University of California-Riverside Research Reports, 2005.
  • Horst H. Gerke, Martinus Th. van Genuchten, Macroscopic representation of structural geometry for simulating water and solute movement in dual-porosity media, In Advances in Water Resources, Volume 19, Issue 6, 1996, Pages 343-357, ISSN 0309-1708, https://doi.org/10.1016/0309-1708(96)00012-7. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0309170896000127)
  • Türkiye İklimi 2008, S. Serhat, D. Mesut, U. Yusuf, B. İzzet, 1. Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü. Brooks, R.H., and Corey, A.T., 1964, Hydraulic properties of porous media: Hydrology Papers, Colorado State University.
  • Gerke HH, van Genuchten MT (1993a) A dual-porosity model for simulating the preferential movement of water and solutes in structured porous media. Water Resour Res 29:305–319
  • Gerke HH, van Genuchten MT (1993b) Evaluation of a first-order water transfer term for variably saturated dual-porosity models. Water Resour Res 29:1225–1238
  • Císlerová, M., J. Simunek and T. Vogel, 1988: Changes of steady-state infiltration rates in recurrent ponding infiltration experiments. J. of Hydrology, 104, 1–16.
  • Kosugi, K. 1996. Lognormal distribution model for unsaturated soil hydraulic properties. Water Resour. Res. 32:2697–2703
  • Durner, W. (1994), Hydraulic conductivity estimation for soils with heterogeneous pore structure, Water Resour. Res., 30(2), 211–223, doi:10.1029/93WR02676.
  • Keller, A.; Sakthivadivel, R.; Seckler, D. 2000. Water scarcity and the role of storage in development. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IWMI. v, 16p. (IWMI Research Report 39) [doi: 10.3910/2009.046]
  • Bouwer, H., 1999. Artificial recharge of groundwater: systems, design, and management. In: Mays, L.W. (Ed.),
  • Richter, B. D., and G. A. Thomas. 2007. Restoring environmental flows by modifying dam operations. Ecology and Society 12(1): 12. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art12/
  • S. Massuel, J. Perrin, C. Mascre, W. Mohamed, A. Boisson, S. Ahmed, Managed aquifer recharge in South India: What to expect from small percolation tanks in hard rock, In Journal of Hydrology, Volume 512, 2014, Pages 157-167, ISSN 0022-1694, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.02.062. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002216941400170X)
  • Maupin, M. A.; Kenny, J. F.; Hutson, S. S.; Lovelace, J. K.;Barber, N. L.; Linsey, K. S. Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 2010; United States Geological Survey: Reston, VA, 2014.
  • Mathias, S. (2017). Modelling flow and transport in the chalk unsaturated zone. [online] Ethos.bl.uk. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.423212 [Accessed 20 Oct. 2017].
  • Abdalla, O.A.E. & Al-Rawahi, A.S. Environ Earth Sci (2013) 69: 1951. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-012- 2028-x
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Issam Ali
Kurum: Yıldız Technical University, Civil Eng. Dept. Hyraulics Lab
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Ahmet Dogan
Kurum: Yıldız Technical University, Civil Eng. Dept. Hyraulics Lab
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ejosat345659, journal = {Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-2683}, address = {Osman Sağdıç}, year = {}, volume = {7}, pages = {7 - 17}, doi = {}, title = {Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D}, key = {cite}, author = {Ali, Issam and Dogan, Ahmet} }
APA Ali, I , Dogan, A . (). Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 7 (11), 7-17. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/ejosat/issue/34000/345659
MLA Ali, I , Dogan, A . "Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 7 (): 7-17 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ejosat/issue/34000/345659>
Chicago Ali, I , Dogan, A . "Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 7 (): 7-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D AU - Issam Ali , Ahmet Dogan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 7 EP - 17 VL - 7 IS - 11 SN - -2148-2683 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D %A Issam Ali , Ahmet Dogan %T Modeling of Büyük Cırcıp Groundwater Recharge Dam using HYDRUS-1D %D 2018 %J Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2683 %V 7 %N 11 %R %U
ISNAD Ali, Issam , Dogan, Ahmet . "Büyük Cırcıp Yeraltısuyu Besleme Brajının HYDRUS-1D ile Modellenmesi". Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 7 / 11 7-17.