Year 2018, Volume 42, Issue 4, Pages 253 - 263 2018-10-04

Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth
Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al.,1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae)’ nin farklı patates çeşitleri üzerindeki üremesi ve bunun bitki gelişimine etkisi

Emre EVLİCE [1] , Şerife BAYRAM [2]

76 130

The Columbia root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne chitwoodiGolden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae), is one of the most damaging nematode parasites of potato. It can cause economic damage in many cultivated plants and infest weeds. In this study, the reproduction of M. chitwoodiwas assessed in 19 potato cultivars and one candidate cultivar under climate chamber conditions, and the effects of M. chitwoodion plant growth were assessed in a greenhouse in 2014. Meloidogyne chitwoodireproduced well on the potato cultivars tested based on numbers of egg and egg mass, reproduction factor and egg mass index. There were approximately 2-fold differences between some cultivars according to minimum and maximum values of the number of egg masses (205 in Challenger and 423 in Adora) and reproduction factor (28.2 in Marabel and 58.6 in Adora). Some plant growth parameters were significantly different between nematode inoculated and uninoculated plants for each cultivar according to t-test. Additionally, significant percentage decreases for some plant growth parameters were recorded, including plant height (7.6-13.4%), fresh (14.6-24.5%) and dry (14.2-26.7%) weights of shoots, fresh (15.0-25.1%) and dry (16.2-26.2%) root. It was found that all potato cultivars tested were susceptible to M. chitwoodi, and the degree of adverse effect on their growth varied between cultivar.

Kolombiya kök-ur nematodu, Meloidogyne chitwoodiGolden et al., 1980(Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae), patateste zarar yapan en önemli türlerden biridir. Birçok kültür bitkisinde ekonomik kayıplara neden olabilmekte ve yabancı otları enfekte edebilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, M. chitwoodi’nin Türkiye’de yaygın olarak yetiştirilen 19 patates çeşidi ve 1 aday çeşit açısından iklim odası şartlarında üreme durumu ve sera şartlarında bitki gelişimine etkisi 2014 yılında belirlenmiştir. Meloidogyne chitwoodi, elde edilen yumurta paketi sayısı, yumurta sayısı, üreme katsayısı ve yumurta paketi indeksine göre patates çeşitlerinin tamamında iyi derecede çoğalmıştır. En çok ve en az üreme görülen çeşitler arasında yumurta paketi sayısı (205, Challenger; 423, Adora) ve üreme katsayısı (28.2, Marabel; 58.6, Adora) açısından yaklaşık 2 kat fark olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bazı bitki büyüme parametrelerinde t-testine göre her çeşidin nematod inokule edilmiş ve edilmemiş bitkileri arasında önemli ölçüde farklılık tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca, bitki boyu (%7.6-13.4), üst aksam yaş (%14.6-24.5) ve kuru (%14.2-26.7) ağırlığı, kök yaş (15.0-25.1) ve kuru (16.2-26.2) ağırlığını içeren bitki büyüme parametrelerinde önemli bir azalış tespit edilmiştir. Çalışmaya dahil edilen tüm patates çeşitlerinin M. chitwoodi'ye duyarlı olduğu ve bitki büyümesine olumsuz etkisinin çeşitlere bağlı olarak değiştiği belirlenmiştir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Emre EVLİCE (Primary Author)
Institution: Zirai Mücadele Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü
Country: Turkey


Author: Şerife BAYRAM
Institution: ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { entoted444152, journal = {Turkish Journal of Entomology}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {42}, pages = {253 - 263}, doi = {10.16970/entoted.444152}, title = {Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth}, key = {cite}, author = {EVLİCE, Emre and BAYRAM, Şerife} }
APA EVLİCE, E , BAYRAM, Ş . (2018). Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 42 (4), 253-263. DOI: 10.16970/entoted.444152
MLA EVLİCE, E , BAYRAM, Ş . "Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth". Turkish Journal of Entomology 42 (2018): 253-263 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/entoted/issue/39559/444152>
Chicago EVLİCE, E , BAYRAM, Ş . "Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth". Turkish Journal of Entomology 42 (2018): 253-263
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth AU - Emre EVLİCE , Şerife BAYRAM Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.444152 DO - 10.16970/entoted.444152 T2 - Turkish Journal of Entomology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 253 EP - 263 VL - 42 IS - 4 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.444152 UR - https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.444152 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Entomology Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth %A Emre EVLİCE , Şerife BAYRAM %T Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth %D 2018 %J Turkish Journal of Entomology %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 42 %N 4 %R doi: 10.16970/entoted.444152 %U 10.16970/entoted.444152
ISNAD EVLİCE, Emre , BAYRAM, Şerife . "Reproduction of Meloidogyne chitwoodi Golden et al., 1980 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) on different potato cultivars and its effect on plant growth". Turkish Journal of Entomology 42 / 4 (October 2018): 253-263. https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.444152