Yıl 2018, Cilt 42, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 287 - 294 2018-10-04

An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)
Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)’in yumurta parazitoiti Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)’da konukçuyu ayırt etme ve süperparazitizm üzerine bir değerlendirme

Sevilay KÖSE [1] , Müjgan KIVAN [2]

14 29

Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) is the most common and important egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integricepsPut., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae). This study was conducted to determine discrimination E. integricepseggs parasitized by either self or a conspecific female of T. semistriatusin choice and no-choice tests, and to establish effect of adult parasitoid density and host density on parasitism in the laboratory in 2016. Female parasitoids did not superparasitize self-parasitized host eggs. However, superparasitism of 18% (significantly lower than the 81% parasitism rate) of the eggs parasitized by another female occurred within 1 h of first parasitism. Superparasitism was significantly lower at 1% in no-choice tests than the 23% recorded in choice tests within 24 h of first parasitism. Parasitism significantly decreased with increasing host egg number, but parasitism did not change with increasing parasitoid density. Therefore, it is concluded that T. semistriatuscan discriminate between parasitized and unparasitized host eggs, with superparasitism infrequent when females encounter preparasitized host eggs within 48 h of first parasitism.

Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) Eurygaster integricepsPut., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)’in en yaygın ve önemli yumurta parazitoitidir. Bu çalışma, 2016 yılında laboratuvarda tercihli ve tercihsiz denemelerle T. semistriatus’un kendisi ya da diğer bir dişisi tarafından parazitlenmiş E. integricepsyumurtasını ayırt etme durumunu tespit etmek ve ergin parazitoit ve konukçu yoğunluğunun parazitlenme üzerindeki etkisini saptamak için yürütülmüştür. Dişi parazitoit kendisi tarafından parazitlenmiş konukçu yumurtasını süperparazitlememiştir. Ancak ilk parazitlenmeden sonraki 1 saat içinde diğer bir dişi tarafından parazitlenmiş yumurtaların %18’inin (%81’lik parazitizm oranından önemli olarak daha düşük oranda) süperparazitlendiği görülmüştür. İlk parazitlenmeden 24 saat sonrasındaki tercihli denemelerde kaydedilen %23’lük orana göre tercihsiz denemelerde önemli olarak daha düşük %1’lik bir oranda süperparazitizm meydana gelmiştir. Parazitizm artan konukçu yumurtası sayısı ile önemli oranda düşmüş, ancak artan parazitoit yoğunluğu ile değişmemiştir. Bu nedenle, T. semistriatus’un parazitlenmiş konukçu yumurtasını ayırt edebildiği, dişilerin ilk parazitlenmeden 48 saat sonrasına kadar önceden parazitlenmiş konukçu yumurtalarıyla karşılaştığında nadiren bir süperparazitizm meydana geldiği kanısına varılmıştır.

  • Agboka, K., F. Schulthess, A. Chabi-Olaye, I. Labo, S. Gounou & H. Smith, 2002. Self-, intra-, and interspecific host discrimination in Telenomus busseolae Gahan and T. isis Polaszek (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), sympatric egg parasitoids of the African cereal stem borer Sesamia calamistis Hampson (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of Insect Behaviour, 15: 1-12.
  • Bakker, K., J. J. M. Van Alphen, F. H. D. van Batenburg, N. van Der Hoeven, H. W. Nell, W. T. F. H. van Strien-van Liempt & T. C. J. Turlings, 1985. The function of host discrimination and superparasitization in parasitoids. Oecologia, 67: 572-576.
  • Brown, E. S., 1962. Notes on parasites of Pentatomidae and Scutelleridae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera) in middle east countries, with observations on biological control. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 53: 241-256.
  • Buleza, V. V., 1971a. Selectivity in the behaviour of females of certain egg-parasites (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) when attacking their hosts. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 50 (12): 1885-1888.
  • Buleza, V. V., 1971b. Interspecific relationships in some species of Trissolcus (Hym., Scelionidae). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 50 (10): 1583-1586.
  • Cingolani, M. F., N. M. Greco & G. G. Liljesthröm, 2013. Multiparasitism of Piezodorus guildinii eggs by Telenomus podisi and Trissolcus urichi. BioControl, 58: 37-43.
  • Corrêa-Ferreira, B. S., 1993. Utilização do Parasitóide de Ovos Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston) No Controle de Percevejos da Soja. Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária-Embrapa, Circular Técnica No: 11, Londrina, PR, 40 pp.
  • Corrêa-Ferreira, B. S. & F. Moscardi, 1996. Biological control of soybean stink bug by inoculative releases of Trissolcus basalis. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79: 1-7.
  • Ehler, L. E., 2002. An evaluation of some natural enemies of Nezara viridula in northern California. BioControl, 47: 309-325.
  • Godfray, H. C. J., 1994. Parasitoids. Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ., 488 pp.
  • Hoffmann, M. P., N. A. Davidson, L. T. Wilson, L. E. Ehler, W. A. Jones & F. G. Zalom, 1991. Imported wasp helps control southern green stink bug. California Agriculture, 45: 20-22.
  • Kartsev, V. M., 1985. Mechanism of the recognition of infested eggs of the host by egg parasites of the genus Trissolcus (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae). Zoologicheskiĭ Zhurnal, 64 (9): 1318-1327.
  • Kıvan, M. & N. Kılıç, 2002. Host preference: parasitism, emergence and development of Trissolcus semistriatus (Hym., Scelionidae) in various host eggs. Journal of Applied Entomology, 126 (7-8): 395-399.
  • Kıvan, M. & N. Kılıç, 2006a. Age-specific fecundity and life table of Trissolcus semistriatus, an egg parasitoid of the sunn pest Eurygaster integriceps. Entomological Science, 9 (1): 39-46.
  • Kıvan, M. & N. Kılıç, 2006b. Effect of mating and parasitism period and host egg mass size on sex ratio of Trissolcus semistriatus Nees. Trakya University Journal of Science, 7 (1): 59-63.
  • Kıvan, M., 1998. Investigations on the biology of Trissolcus semistriatus Nees (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) an egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Turkish Journal of Entomology, 22 (4): 243-257.
  • Kozlov, M. A., 1968. Egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae, Telenominae) of Sunn Pest (Eurygaster integriceps Put.) and other pentatomids. Entomologicheskoye Obozreniye, 52: 188-223.
  • Lodos, N., 1982. Türkiye Entomolojisi, Cilt II (Genel, Uygulamalı ve Faunistik). Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, İzmir, 591 s.
  • Mahmoud, A. & U. Lim, 2008. Host discrimination and interspecific competition of Trissolcus nigripedius and Telenomus gifuensis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), sympatric parasitoids of Dolycoris baccarum (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Biological Control, 45: 337-343.
  • Navasero, R. C. & E. R. Oatman, 1989. Life history, immature morphology and adult behaviour of Telenomus solitus (Hym.: Scelionidae). Entomophaga, 34: 165-177.
  • Okuda, M. S. & K. V. Yeargan, 1988. Intra- and interspecific host discrimination in Telenomus podisi and Trissolcus euschistis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Annual Entomology Society of America, 81: 1017-1020.
  • Öncüer, C. & M. Kıvan, 1995. Determination and distribution of Eurygaster Lap. species and the biology and natural enemies of Eurygaster integriceps Put. (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) in Tekirdag and surroundings. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 19 (4): 223-230.
  • Orr, D. B., 1988. Scelionid wasps as biological control agents: A review. Florida Entomologist, 71: 506-528.
  • Rabb, R. L. & J. R. Bradley, 1970. Marking host eggs by Telenomus sphingis. Annual Entomology Society of America, 63: 1053-1056.
  • Roitberg, B. D. & M. Mangel, 1988. On the evolutionary ecology of marking pheromones. Evolutionary Ecology, 2: 289-315.
  • Safavi, M., 1968. Etude biologique et ecologique des Hyménoptères parasites des oeufs des punaises des cereales. Entomophaga, 13 (5): 381-495.
  • SPSS, 2006. SPSS 15.0 Edition for Windows.
  • Talamas, E. J., M. L. Buffington & K. Hoelmer, 2017. Revision of Palearctic Trissolcus Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 56: 3-185.
  • Todoroki, Y. & H. Numata, 2017. Host discrimination modulates brood guarding behaviour and the adaptive superparasitism in the parasitoid wasp Trissolcus semistriatus (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Physiological Entomology, 42 (4), 362-368.
  • van Alphen, J. J. M. & L. E. M. Vet, 1986. “An Evolutionary Approach to Host Finding and Selection, 23-61”. In: Insect Parasitoids (Ed: Waage J.K. & D.J. Greathead). Academic Press, London, 389 pp.
  • van Alphen, J. J. M. & M. E. Visser, 1990. Superparasitism as an adaptive strategy for insect parasitoids. Annual Review of Entomology, 35: 59-79.
  • van Lenteren, J. C., 1981. “Host Discrimination by Parasitoids, 153-180”. In: Semiochemicals: Their Role in Pest Control (Eds. D. A. Nordlund, R. L. Jones & W. J. Lewis). Wiley, New York, 306 pp.
  • Visser, M. E., J. J. M. van Alphen & H. W. Nell, 1990. Adaptive superparasitism and patch time allocation in solitary parasitoids: the influence of the number of parasitoids depleting a patch. Behaviour, 114: 21-36.
  • Visser, M. E., J. J. M. van Alphen & L. Hemerik, 1992. Adaptive superparasitism and patch time allocation in solitary parasitoids: An ESS model. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61: 93-101.
  • Volkoff, N. & S. Colazza, 1992. Growth patterns of teratocytes in the immature stages of Trissolcus basalis (Wool.) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an egg parasitoid of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 21 (4): 323-336.
  • Weber, C. A., J. M. Smilanick, L. E. Ehler & F. G. Zalom, 1996. Ovipositional behaviour and host discrimination in three scelionid egg parasitoids of stink bugs. Biological Control, 6: 245-252.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Fen
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Sevilay KÖSE
Kurum: GIDA, TARIM VE HAYVANCILIK BAKANLIĞI
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5145-5991
Yazar: Müjgan KIVAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { entoted450099, journal = {Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {42}, pages = {287 - 294}, doi = {10.16970/entoted.450099}, title = {An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)}, key = {cite}, author = {KÖSE, Sevilay and KIVAN, Müjgan} }
APA KÖSE, S , KIVAN, M . (2018). An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae). Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 42 (4), 287-294. DOI: 10.16970/entoted.450099
MLA KÖSE, S , KIVAN, M . "An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)". Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 42 (2018): 287-294 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/entoted/issue/39559/450099>
Chicago KÖSE, S , KIVAN, M . "An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)". Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 42 (2018): 287-294
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) AU - Sevilay KÖSE , Müjgan KIVAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.450099 DO - 10.16970/entoted.450099 T2 - Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 287 EP - 294 VL - 42 IS - 4 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/entoted.450099 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16970/entoted.450099 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) %A Sevilay KÖSE , Müjgan KIVAN %T An evaluation on host discrimination and superparasitism in Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), egg parasitoid of Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae) %D 2018 %J Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 42 %N 4 %R doi: 10.16970/entoted.450099 %U 10.16970/entoted.450099
ISNAD KÖSE, Sevilay , KIVAN, Müjgan . "Eurygaster integriceps Put., 1881 (Hemiptera: Scutelleridae)’in yumurta parazitoiti Trissolcus semistriatus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)’da konukçuyu ayırt etme ve süperparazitizm üzerine bir değerlendirme". Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi 42 / 4 (Ekim 2018): 287-294. http://dx.doi.org/10.16970/entoted.450099