Cilt 12, Sayı 44, Sayfalar 1 - 17 2014-09-10

DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA
DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA

Cemal BALTACI [1] , Reina ZENELAJ [2]

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Abstract This paper looks at the theory of democracy promotion and analyzes the case of Albania since the beginning of the 1990s until the recent developments. We start by giving some information on the background of the communist past in political, economic and social spheres, with the assumption that the characteristics of the authoritarian regime should have an impact upon the democratization strategy of the promoter. In the literature, there is a debate on whether democracy should be promoted at the level of political parties and politically oriented civil society groups or transparency and accountability should be targeted as essential factors of national development. Albania experienced both strategies. Firstly, United States was the major external actor that initiated and supported the democratization process in Albania. Then the EU followed with the policy the framework of Stabilization and Association Process (SAP) that offered a commitment by the organization to necessary political , financial and personal resources to Balkan countries to complete the fulfillment of democratic principles required for membership. As a conclusion, the external assistance helped advance the level of democracy in the country, however remaining deficiencies show that the democracy promoters should support institutions that embrace democracy as a value rather than bringing it in as a good. Key Words: Democracy, democratization, democracy promotion, extarnal assistance, Albania.
Abstract This paper concentrates on the theory of democracy promotion and analyzes the case of Albania since the beginning of the 1990s until the recent developments. We start by giving some information on the background of the communist past in political, economic and social spheres, with the assumption that the characteristics of the authoritarian regime should have an impact upon the democratization strategy of the promoter. In the literature, there is a debate on whether democracy should be promoted at the level of political parties and politically oriented civil society groups or transparency and accountability should be targeted as essential factors of national development. Albania experienced both strategies. Firstly, United States was the major external actor that initiated and supported the democratization process in Albania. Then the EU followed with the policy framework of Stabilization and Association Process (SAP) that offered a commitment by the organization to necessary political, financial and personal resources to Balkan countries to complete the fulfillment of democratic principles required for membership. As a conclusion, the external assistance helped advance the level of democracy in the country, however remaining deficiencies show that the democracy promoters should support institutions that embrace democracy as an essential value. Key Words: Democracy, democratization, democracy promotion, external assistance, Albania.
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Yazar: Cemal BALTACI
E-posta:

Yazar: Reina ZENELAJ
E-posta:

Bibtex @ { esosder82761, journal = {Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-0278}, address = {Özel Akademi}, year = {2014}, volume = {12}, pages = {1 - 17}, doi = {}, title = {DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {ZENELAJ, Reina and BALTACI, Cemal} } @ { esosder82761, journal = {Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-0278}, address = {Özel Akademi}, year = {2014}, volume = {12}, pages = {1 - 17}, doi = {}, title = {DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {ZENELAJ, Reina and BALTACI, Cemal} }
APA BALTACI, C , ZENELAJ, R . (2014). DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 12 (44), 1-17. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/esosder/issue/6158/82761
MLA BALTACI, C , ZENELAJ, R . "DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 12 (2014): 1-17 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/esosder/issue/6158/82761>
Chicago BALTACI, C , ZENELAJ, R . "DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 12 (2014): 1-17
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA AU - Cemal BALTACI , Reina ZENELAJ Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 17 VL - 12 IS - 44 SN - 1304-0278- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA %A Cemal BALTACI , Reina ZENELAJ %T DEMOCRACY PROMOTION IN ALBANIA %D 2014 %J Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1304-0278- %V 12 %N 44 %R %U