Yıl 2018, Cilt 4, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 374 - 380 2018-10-04

The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis

Seyhan Dülger [1] , İlknur Aykurt Karlıbel [2] , Tekin Yıldız [3] , Lale Altan [4] , Özlem Şengören Dikiş [5] , Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy [6]

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Introduction: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease. Smoking plays a role in AS pathogenesis and causes difficulties in its treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of disease activity, functional status, spinal mobility, depression, chest expansion, pain, fatigue, quality of life, respiratory function with cigarette dependence severity in patients with AS.

Methods: The study included 71 patients diagnosed as AS. Patients were evaluated on questionnaires and examination scales specific to assessment of AS. The results were compared using the SPSS-23 software.

Results: Out of the total 71 patients, 40 (56.3%) were smokers, 31 (43.7%) were non-smokers. There were no significant differences between the smokers and the non-smokers with respect to the median values in Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life questionnaire, Short Form 36 (SF-36), chest expansion, the fingertip-to-floor test and Beck Depression Inventory (p > 0.05). However, there were significant differences when comparing the median scores on BASMI (p = 0.036), SF-36 physical role strength (p = 0.004) and the chest expansion (p = 0.015) of the smoker patients placed in the three Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) subgrouping.

Conclusion: AS patients with smoking have elevated FTND scores and worse values for test of disease activity and quality of life.

Smoking, ankylosing spondylitis, life quality
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Orcid: 0000-0003-0073-3506
Yazar: Seyhan Dülger (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Health Sciences University, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Education&Research Hospital, Pulmonary Diseases Deparment, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: İlknur Aykurt Karlıbel
Kurum: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Tekin Yıldız
Kurum: Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Lale Altan
Kurum: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Özlem Şengören Dikiş
Kurum: Department of Chest Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy
Kurum: Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Bursa Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { eurj336935, journal = {The European Research Journal}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-3189}, address = {Sağlık Araştırmaları ve Stratejileri Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {4}, pages = {374 - 380}, doi = {10.18621/eurj.336935}, title = {The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis}, key = {cite}, author = {Aykurt Karlıbel, İlknur and Şengören Dikiş, Özlem and Yıldız, Tekin and Dülger, Seyhan and Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Meliha and Altan, Lale} }
APA Dülger, S , Aykurt Karlıbel, İ , Yıldız, T , Altan, L , Şengören Dikiş, Ö , Kasapoğlu Aksoy, M . (2018). The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis. The European Research Journal, 4 (4), 374-380. DOI: 10.18621/eurj.336935
MLA Dülger, S , Aykurt Karlıbel, İ , Yıldız, T , Altan, L , Şengören Dikiş, Ö , Kasapoğlu Aksoy, M . "The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis". The European Research Journal 4 (2018): 374-380 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/eurj/issue/32988/336935>
Chicago Dülger, S , Aykurt Karlıbel, İ , Yıldız, T , Altan, L , Şengören Dikiş, Ö , Kasapoğlu Aksoy, M . "The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis". The European Research Journal 4 (2018): 374-380
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis AU - Seyhan Dülger , İlknur Aykurt Karlıbel , Tekin Yıldız , Lale Altan , Özlem Şengören Dikiş , Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18621/eurj.336935 DO - 10.18621/eurj.336935 T2 - The European Research Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 374 EP - 380 VL - 4 IS - 4 SN - -2149-3189 M3 - doi: 10.18621/eurj.336935 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.18621/eurj.336935 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 The European Research Journal The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis %A Seyhan Dülger , İlknur Aykurt Karlıbel , Tekin Yıldız , Lale Altan , Özlem Şengören Dikiş , Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy %T The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis %D 2018 %J The European Research Journal %P -2149-3189 %V 4 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18621/eurj.336935 %U 10.18621/eurj.336935
ISNAD Dülger, Seyhan , Aykurt Karlıbel, İlknur , Yıldız, Tekin , Altan, Lale , Şengören Dikiş, Özlem , Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Meliha . "The impact of cigarette dependence severity on disease outcomes and depression in ankylosing spondylitis". The European Research Journal 4 / 4 (Ekim 2018): 374-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.18621/eurj.336935