Yıl 2017, Cilt 11, Sayı 21, Sayfalar 133 - 156 2017-12-14

Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry

Muharrem Ekşi [1]

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This study examines the Iran-Saudi rivalry within the context of the changing balance of

power in the Middle East. The main research questions were determined to be what the dynamics

of the Iran-Saudi rivalry are and what type of role Turkey may play within the rivalry

between the two countries. Three essential arguments were developed within this context. The

first argument is that the regional balances were broken by the US occupation of Iraq in 2003

and by the ‘Arab Spring’ process resulting in the regional hegemony rivalry between Iran and

Saudi Arabia. The second one is that Iran desired to utilize the Arab Spring process as an

opportunity to become a regional hegemonic power. On the other hand, the policy of the US

to withdraw from and leave the Middle East to its allies Israel and Saudi Arabia caused King

Salman bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud to adopt a regional leadership policy. Within this framework,

the study argued that the rivalry to become the new regional hegemon of the Middle East resurged

between Iran and Saudi Arabia, the two historic rival powers of the Middle East. The

third argument is that the rivalry between the two countries was mainly in the form of a proxy

war but resulted in the fact that the balance of power struggle in the region reached to the proxy

war balance as no country managed to outcompete the other.

Suudi Arabistan, İran, Türkiye, Vekalet Savaşı, Güç dengesi, Hegemony
  • AL TAMAMY Saud Mousaed, “Saudi Arabia and the Arab Spring:Opportunities and Challenges of Security”, Journal of Arabian Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 2, 2012, pp.143-156. AL-RASHEED Madawi, “ Sectarianism as Counter-Revolution: Saudi Responses to the Arab Spring”, Stud Ethn Nation, 11: 513-526. AL-RASHEED Madawi, “Saudi Arabia and the quest for regional hegemony”, Hurstpublishers, 19 July 2016, Erişim tarihi: 18.12.2016, http://www. hurstpublishers.com/saudi-arabia-quest-regional-hegemony/ AL-SHBOUL Hani Ahmed and Mohammad Salim Al-Rawashdeh, “Iran’s Foreign Policy and the Balance of Power in the Region”, Journal of Politics and Law, Vol. 6, No. 4; 2013, p. 200-209. BACIK Gökhan, “The Iranian Moment and Turkey”, The German Marshall Fund of the United States, No.125, 2016, pp.1-4, p.3. Erişim tarihi: 01.01.2017, file:///Users/ Dr/Downloads/Bacik_IranianMoment_May16.pdf BARZEGAR Kayhan, “Iran and the Shiite Crescent: Myths and Realities, Journal of World Affairs, Fall/Winter 2008, Vol. XV, Issue 1, pp. 87-99. BERTI Benedetta and Yoel Guzansky, “Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Policy on Iran and the Proxy War in Syria: Toward a New Chapter?”, Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, VIII:3, 2014, pp. 25-34.
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Yazar: Muharrem Ekşi

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gav379597, journal = {Gazi Akademik Bakış}, issn = {1307-9778}, eissn = {1309-5137}, address = {Hale ŞIVGIN}, year = {2017}, volume = {11}, pages = {133 - 156}, doi = {10.19060/gav.379597}, title = {Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry}, key = {cite}, author = {Ekşi, Muharrem} }
APA Ekşi, M . (2017). Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry. Gazi Akademik Bakış, 11 (21), 133-156. DOI: 10.19060/gav.379597
MLA Ekşi, M . "Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry". Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 (2017): 133-156 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/gav/issue/34361/379597>
Chicago Ekşi, M . "Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry". Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 (2017): 133-156
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry AU - Muharrem Ekşi Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.19060/gav.379597 DO - 10.19060/gav.379597 T2 - Gazi Akademik Bakış JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 133 EP - 156 VL - 11 IS - 21 SN - 1307-9778-1309-5137 M3 - doi: 10.19060/gav.379597 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.19060/gav.379597 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi Akademik Bakış Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry %A Muharrem Ekşi %T Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry %D 2017 %J Gazi Akademik Bakış %P 1307-9778-1309-5137 %V 11 %N 21 %R doi: 10.19060/gav.379597 %U 10.19060/gav.379597
ISNAD Ekşi, Muharrem . "Regional Hegemony Quests in the Middle East from the Balance of Power System to the Balance of Proxy Wars: Turkey as Balancing Power for the Iran - Saudi Rivalry". Gazi Akademik Bakış 11 / 21 (Aralık 2017): 133-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.19060/gav.379597