Yıl 2018, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 87 - 93 2018-06-04

Gana'da Beş Yaş Altı Çocuklu Hanelerde İyotlu Tuz Kullanımının Belirleyicileri
Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana

Mustapha Immurana [1] , Arabi Urmi [2]

85 156

Amaç: Özellikle çocuklarda iyot eksikliğinin insan sağlığı üzerindeki zararlı etkileri göz önüne alındığında, Gana dahil birçok ülke iyotlu tuz kullanarak evrensel iyotlaştırma hamlelerini benimsemiştir. Ancak, bu türden hamlelerin başarısı için, ilgili politikaları belirlemek amacıyla iyotlu tuzun kullanımını etkileyen faktörleri bilmek zorunludur. Bu çalışma, Gana'da beş yaşından küçük çocuklu hanelerde iyotlu tuz kullanımını etkileyen faktörleri araştırmıştır.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Çalışma verileri 2014 Gana demografik ve sağlık anketi  kaynaklıdır aynı zamanda sıralı probit modeli kullanılan ampirik tahmin tekniği oldu.

Bulgular: Ga / Dangme etnik kökeni, annelerin ve partnerlerin eğitimsiz olması, tıbbi bakım aramakta  büyük parasal güçlükleri olan anneler, çocuğun artan doğum sırası ve hane reisinin yaşı  ve Gana'nın Batı bölgesi (referans bölgesi olarak Yukarı Batı bölgesini kullanarak) hariç Yukarı Doğu bölgesindeki hanehalklarının önemsiz bir katsayıya sahip olmasına rağmen, tüm bölgelerinde yaşama iyotlu tuz kullanımı olasılığını azaltığı ortaya çıkmıştır. Dahası, kentsel, varlıklı, Hıristiyan ve Müslüman hane halklarının, sırasıyla, kırsal, zengin olmayan ve geleneksel / maneviyat / dini inancı olmayan hane halkına göre iyotlu tuz kullanma olasılıkları daha yüksek bulunmuştur.

Sonuç: Bu nedenle çalışma sosyo-ekonomik ve kültürel faktörlere çok fazla dikkat etmenin iyotlu tuz kullanımını sağlamada etkili araçlar olabileceği sonucuna varmıştır.

Background: Given the deleterious effects of iodine deficiency on human health especially children, most nations including Ghana have adopted universal iodisation drives using iodised salt. However, for the success of such drives, it is imperative to know the factors that influence the utilisation of iodised salt in order to inform relevant policies. This study therefore, investigated factors that influence iodised salt utilisation among households with children under-five in Ghana.

Methods: The study sourced data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey whiles the ordered probit model was the empirical estimation technique employed.

Results: It was revealed that, the Ga/Dangme ethnicity, having uneducated mothers and partners, mothers with big monetary challenges in seeking medical care, rising child’s birth order and age of the household head, and staying in all the regions of Ghana except the Western region (using the Upper West region as the reference region) decreased the likelihood of iodised salt utilisation, though households in the Upper East region had an insignificant coefficient. Further, urban, wealthy, Christian and Islamic households were found to be more likely to use iodised salt relative to rural, non-rich and traditional/spiritualist/no religion faith households respectively.

Conclusion: The study therefore concludes that paying so much attention to socio-economic and cultural factors could be effective tools in ensuring iodised salt utilisation.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Dergi Bölümü Orjinal Çalışma
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mustapha Immurana (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Department of Economics-Mangalore University
Ülke: India


Yazar: Arabi Urmi
Kurum: Department of Economics-Mangalore University
Ülke: India


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gopctd429255, journal = {Journal of Contemporary Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2146-6009}, address = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {8}, pages = {87 - 93}, doi = {10.16899/gopctd.429255}, title = {Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana}, key = {cite}, author = {Immurana, Mustapha and Urmi, Arabi} }
APA Immurana, M , Urmi, A . (2018). Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana. Journal of Contemporary Medicine, 8 (2), 87-93. DOI: 10.16899/gopctd.429255
MLA Immurana, M , Urmi, A . "Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana". Journal of Contemporary Medicine 8 (2018): 87-93 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/gopctd/issue/27035/429255>
Chicago Immurana, M , Urmi, A . "Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana". Journal of Contemporary Medicine 8 (2018): 87-93
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana AU - Mustapha Immurana , Arabi Urmi Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.16899/gopctd.429255 DO - 10.16899/gopctd.429255 T2 - Journal of Contemporary Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 87 EP - 93 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - -2146-6009 M3 - doi: 10.16899/gopctd.429255 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.16899/gopctd.429255 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Contemporary Medicine Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana %A Mustapha Immurana , Arabi Urmi %T Determinants of Iodised Salt Utilisation among Households with Children Under-Five in Ghana %D 2018 %J Journal of Contemporary Medicine %P -2146-6009 %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.16899/gopctd.429255 %U 10.16899/gopctd.429255
ISNAD Immurana, Mustapha , Urmi, Arabi . "Gana'da Beş Yaş Altı Çocuklu Hanelerde İyotlu Tuz Kullanımının Belirleyicileri". Journal of Contemporary Medicine 8 / 2 (Haziran 2018): 87-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.16899/gopctd.429255