Yıl 2018, Cilt 31, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 1048 - 1062 2018-12-01

Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay

Abubakar YAJI [1] , Stanley IHEANACHO [2] , Emmanuel OGUEJI [3]

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Herbicide Propanil is a toxicant that can adversely affect the health of fish. The present study was conducted to ascertain the toxicity effect of Propanil on hematology and serum biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus juvenile. Fish specimens were exposed to sub-lethal concentrations (0.0, 0.22, 0.44 and 0.87 mg/L) of Propanil derived from the 96hour Lethal concentration for eight weeks. Fish specimens were sampled for hematological and biochemical analysis at 2, 6 and 8 week’s duration exposure. Significant changes and dose dependent decreases in red blood cell, pack cell volume, hemoglobin values were observed in Propanil exposed fish compared to the control. Progressive increase in white blood cell count and leukocyte differentials (neutrophils and lymphocytes) were found in Propanil exposed fish compared to the control. Significant increases in biochemical parameters (glucose, protein, triglycerides, glutamic oxalo-acetic transminase and glutamate pyruvate transaminase) were observed in Propanil exposed fish groups compared to the control. However, cholesterol levels decreased significantly except for 8th week Propanil duration exposure. Findings of the present study revealed that Propanil adversely affected fish health.

Toxicity, Biochemistry, Propanil, Hematology, Biochemistry, Oreochromis niloticus
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Biology
Yazarlar

Yazar: Abubakar YAJI
Ülke: Nigeria


Yazar: Stanley IHEANACHO (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Emmanuel OGUEJI

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gujs415234, journal = {Gazi University Journal of Science}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-1762}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {31}, pages = {1048 - 1062}, doi = {}, title = {Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay}, key = {cite}, author = {IHEANACHO, Stanley and OGUEJI, Emmanuel and YAJI, Abubakar} }
APA YAJI, A , IHEANACHO, S , OGUEJI, E . (2018). Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay. Gazi University Journal of Science, 31 (4), 1048-1062. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/gujs/issue/40684/415234
MLA YAJI, A , IHEANACHO, S , OGUEJI, E . "Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay". Gazi University Journal of Science 31 (2018): 1048-1062 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/gujs/issue/40684/415234>
Chicago YAJI, A , IHEANACHO, S , OGUEJI, E . "Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay". Gazi University Journal of Science 31 (2018): 1048-1062
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay AU - Abubakar YAJI , Stanley IHEANACHO , Emmanuel OGUEJI Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Gazi University Journal of Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1048 EP - 1062 VL - 31 IS - 4 SN - -2147-1762 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi University Journal of Science Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay %A Abubakar YAJI , Stanley IHEANACHO , Emmanuel OGUEJI %T Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay %D 2018 %J Gazi University Journal of Science %P -2147-1762 %V 31 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD YAJI, Abubakar , IHEANACHO, Stanley , OGUEJI, Emmanuel . "Sublethal Exposure and Toxicity Effect of Propanil on Hematology and Serum Biochemistry in Oreochromis niloticus in a Static Bioassay". Gazi University Journal of Science 31 / 4 (Aralık 2018): 1048-1062.