Yıl 2017, Cilt 5, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 151 - 157 2017-12-22

Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers
Atık Balyalama İplerinden Poliüretan Üretimi

İbrahim BİLİCİ [1]

116 138

Nowadays, the methods of eliminating the pollution from wastes of the materials produced as much as the production methods are important. This requires efficiently use of sources economical and ecologically. Polyester based polymers, which is one of the most important consumed plastic materials in the world, have lots of number of recycling methods. Basically it is called chemical and physical recycling. Chemical recycle methods include glycolysis, aminolysis, methanolysis, hydrolysis and etc.. 

In this study aromatic polyester polyols produced from bale fiber wastes via glycolysis method. Zinc Acetate used as a catalysts and diethylene glycol used for the glycolysis reaction and moiety of glycol investigated as an experimental parameter. Polyurethane material produced via obtained polyol and TDI (Toluene di Isocyanate) reaction. Obtained polyurethane material investigated via FTIR and TGA and compared with the commercial polyurethane.  As a result, it has been decided that glycolysis is usable and applicable method for the waste bale fibers. 

Günümüzde üretim yöntemleri kadar üretilen maddelerin atıklarından oluşan kirliliklerin giderilme yöntemleri de önemli konuların başında gelmektedir. Bu atıkların bertaraf edilmesi ve mevcut kaynakların ekonomik ve ekolojik olarak verimli kullanılmasını gerektirmektedir. Dünyada tüketilen en önemli plastik maddelerden birisi olan polyesterler esaslı polimerler için birçok geri kazanım yöntemi bulunmaktadır. Bunlar temel olarak fiziksel ve kimyasal geri kazanım yöntemleridir. Kimyasal geri kazanım yöntemleri ise glikoliz, aminoliz, metanoliz, hidroliz gibi yöntemlerden oluşmaktadır.

Bu çalışmada balya iplerinden oluşan atıklar glikoliz yöntemi ile geri dönüşüme tabi tutularak aromatik polyester poliol elde edilmiştir. Glikoliz reaksiyonu için çinko asetat katalizörlüğünde di etilen glikol kullanılmış olup,  glikol oranı deneysel parametre olarak incelenmiştir. Elde edilen poliol asit sayısı hidroksil sayısı ve FTIR ile karakterize edilmiştir. Elde edilen bu poliol ile TDI’ın  (tolüen di izosiyanat) reaksiyonu sonucunda ise poliüretan malzeme elde edilmiştir. Elde edilen poliüretan malzeme FTIR ve TGA ile incelenmiş ve ticari poliüretan ile karşılaştırılmıştır.  Sonuç olarak polyester bazlı atık balya iplerinin glikoliz ile geri dönüşüm için elverişli ve uygulanabilir yöntem olduğuna karar verilmiştir.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik ve Temel Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: İbrahim BİLİCİ
E-posta: ibrahimbilici@hitit.edu.tr
Kurum: Hitit Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr305317, journal = {Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji}, issn = {}, address = {Gazi Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {5}, pages = {151 - 157}, doi = {10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317}, title = {Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers}, key = {cite}, author = {BİLİCİ, İbrahim} }
APA BİLİCİ, İ . (2017). Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers. Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji, 5 (4), 151-157. DOI: 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317
MLA BİLİCİ, İ . "Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers". Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji 5 (2017): 151-157 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr/issue/32180/305317>
Chicago BİLİCİ, İ . "Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers". Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji 5 (2017): 151-157
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers AU - İbrahim BİLİCİ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317 DO - 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317 T2 - Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 157 VL - 5 IS - 4 SN - -2147-9526 M3 - doi: 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers %A İbrahim BİLİCİ %T Polyurethane Production from Waste Bale Fibers %D 2017 %J Gazi Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Part C: Tasarım ve Teknoloji %P -2147-9526 %V 5 %N 4 %R doi: 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317 %U 10.29109/http-gujsc-gazi-edu-tr.305317