Cilt 4, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 77 - 127 2017-04-11

1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi
Global Crises of the 1800s, Great Depression and 2008 Crisis

Mustafa Emre AKBAŞ [1]

200 221

Finansal krizler dünya ekonomik düzenini sarsan afetlerdir. Bu afetler toplumların yaşam standartlarını da etkilemektedir. 18. yy.’dan itibaren ulus devletlerin ortaya çıkışı ulusal ekonomileri de birbirine yakınlaştırmıştır. Karşılıklı ticaret ve buna bağlı finans ilişkilerin de artması ulusal para ve finans kurumlarını da birbiri ile olan bağlantılarını hızlandırmıştır. Fakat dönemin Klasik öğreti anlayışı par ve finans piyasalarını düzenleyecek ve denetim altında tutacak yetkili kurumları oluşturamamıştır. Bu yüzden 20. yy. kadar finansal krizler daha sık aralıklarla yaşanmıştır. 1930 sonrası Büyük Depresyon ve Keynesyen Devrim yetkili ulusal para kurumları olan Merkez Bankalarına müdahale yetkilerini vererek ulusal para ve finans sahalarını düzenlemeleri için tecrübe kazanmalarına olanak sağlamıştır. 20 yy. içinde yaşanan finansal krizler ise ağırlıklı iki nedenden dolayı ortaya çıkmaktadır.  Birincisi küresel para ve finans sistemine hakim ülkenin hatalı para ve finans politikaları sonucunda çevresindeki ülkeleri de içine alacak şekilde ortaya çıkmaktadır. İkincisi ise serbest dolaşımlı küresel finans akımlarının düzensiz dağılımı ve yükselen Pazar ekonomilerindeki kontrolsüz dalgalanmayla krizlerin çıkmasıdır.  Çalışmanın hedefi finansal krizler öncesinde yaşanan iktisadi süreçlerin incelenmesi ve bu krizlere ne tür toplum ekonomisi hareketlerinin neden olabileceğini ortaya çıkarmaktır. Olası finansal krizlere karşı nasıl hazır olunabileceği konusu da aynı zamanda tartışılacaktır

The financial crisis are the disasters that the world economic order have convulsed. These disasters were affected infinitely the social living standarts.  The emergence of the nation state from the 18th century, national economies are also closer together. Bilateral trade has accelerated and connections with each other as well as with financial institutions to increase the national currency and the related financial relationships. But the era of the classical doctrine understanding money and to regulate financial markets and to keep under control could create the appropriate authorities. So 20th Century up to the financial crisis were experienced more frequently. After the Great Depression and the Keynesian Revolution in 1930 by the competent national monetary authorities, the Central Bank has the authority to intervene to allow them to gain experience in the field of national monetary and financial arrangements. 20 yy. Financial crises are emerging in the mainly two reasons. First, global currency and the surrounding countries as a result of faulty monetary and financial policy of the country is emerging to dominate the financial system to include as well. The second is the free circulation of the current global financial crisis with irregular distribution and the emergence of uncontrolled fluctuations in emerging market economies. The object of this work is study and resarch the ecomoic process before the financial crisis and to reveal which social economic affairs are the reasons for financial crisis. Add to this object it will be discussed how the financial actors can be on the alert towards the potential financial crisis.

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Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Mustafa Emre AKBAŞ
E-posta: emreakbas@marmara.edu.tr
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { igusbd305553, journal = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2148-4287}, address = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {77 - 127}, doi = {10.17336/igusbd.305553}, title = {1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi}, language = {tr}, key = {cite}, author = {AKBAŞ, Mustafa Emre} } @araştırma makalesi { igusbd305553, journal = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2148-4287}, address = {İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {77 - 127}, doi = {10.17336/igusbd.305553}, title = {Global Crises of the 1800s, Great Depression and 2008 Crisis}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {AKBAŞ, Mustafa Emre} }
APA AKBAŞ, M . (2017). 1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi. İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 4 (1), 77-127. DOI: 10.17336/igusbd.305553
MLA AKBAŞ, M . "1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi". İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2017): 77-127 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/igusbd/issue/28545/305553>
Chicago AKBAŞ, M . "1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi". İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2017): 77-127
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - 1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi AU - Mustafa Emre AKBAŞ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.17336/igusbd.305553 DO - 10.17336/igusbd.305553 T2 - İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 77 EP - 127 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2148-4287-2148-7189 M3 - doi: 10.17336/igusbd.305553 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17336/igusbd.305553 Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi %A Mustafa Emre AKBAŞ %T 1800’lerin Küresel Krizleri, Büyük Depresyon ve 2008 Krizi %D 2017 %J İstanbul Gelişim Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 2148-4287-2148-7189 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17336/igusbd.305553 %U 10.17336/igusbd.305553