Yıl 2016, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 41 - 57 2016-06-30

A STUDY TO DEVELOP A SCALE OF EXPRESSING EMOTIONS ON FACEBOOK
FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI

Ertuğrul UÇAR [1]

184 333

One of the social networking sites, Facebook has more than 14 million users in Turkey, which places Turkey into third position among all countries. As revealed by research, social networking sites are environments used by people to express their emotions. The current study aims to develop a scale to determine what types of emotions are expressed by university students on Facebook. The study group of the present research consists of 347 students from the Education Faculty of Aksaray University in the city of Aksaray in the fall term of 2012. As a result of extreme value analysis, 15 observations were excluded from the analysis and thus, analyses were conducted on the data collected from the remaining 322 participants. In the present study, in order to test the construct validity of the scale factor analysis was run and KMO was found to be .78. principal components analysis was conducted to determine the factors on the data. Exploratory and confirmatary Factor Analysis revealed that the items are subsumed under three factors being loving Facebook, feeling comfortable on Facebook with a pseudo name and felling uncomfortable with the sharings on Facebook. In the reliability analysis of the Scale of Expressing Emotions on Facebook, Cronbach Alpha was found to be .82. This value shows that the scale is moderately reliable.

Sosyal paylaşım sitelerinden biri olan Facebook’un, Türkiye’deki 14 milyonun üzerinde kullanıcı sayısıyla ülke sıralamasında üçüncü sırada yer aldığı bilinmektedir. Araştırmaların ortaya koyduğu gibi sosyal paylaşım siteleri insanların duygularını açmak için kullandıkları bir ortamdır. Bu araştırma üniversite öğrencilerinin Facebook’ta ne tür duygularını ifade ettiklerini belirlemek amacı ile bir ölçek geliştirme çalışmasıdır. Araştırma grubunu 2012 eğitim-öğretim yılı güz döneminde Aksaray İli, Aksaray Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesinde öğrenim gören 347 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Uç değer analizleri sonucunda 15 gözlem analiz dışı bırakılmış, böylece geriye kalan toplam 322 katılımcıdan elde edilen verilerle analizler gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu çalışmada ölçeğin yapı geçerliğini sınamak için açımlayıcı faktör analizi yapılmış ve KMO .78 olarak bulunmuştur. Veriler üzerinde faktörleri belirlemek için Temel Bileşenler Analizi yapılmıştır. Açımlayıcı ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonucunda Facebook’u sevme, sahte adla Facebook’ta rahat olma ve Facebook’taki paylaşımlardan rahatsızlık olarak üç faktörde maddeler toplanmıştır. Facebook’ta Duygularını İfade Etme Ölçeği için yapılan güvenirlik analizinde ise Cronbach Alpha .82 olarak bulunmuştur. Cronbach alfa katsayısı ölçeğin güvenilir olduğunu göstermektedir.

  • Alexa Internet Inc. (2011). Alexa top 500 global sites. http://www.alexa.com/topsites Accesed 03.02.2011
  • Altman, I. ve Taylor, D. (1973). Social Penetration: The Development of Interpersonal Relationships. NewYork: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
  • Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469-480.
  • Baumeister, R. F. ve Leary, M. R. (1995). The need to belong. Desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation, Psychological Bulletin, 117, 497-529.
  • Benkler, Y. (2009). The wealth of Networks How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom, Yale University, New Haven and London.
  • Bono, J. E., Boles, T.C., Judge, T. A. ve Lauver, K. J. (2002). The role of personality in task and realtionship conflict. Journal of Personality. 70 (3): 311-344.
  • Buhrmester, D., ve Prayer, K. (1995). Patterns and functions of self-disclosure during childhood and adolescence. In K. J. Rotenberg (ed.), Disclosure processes in children and adolescents (pp.10-56). Cambridge University Press.
  • Burke, R., Fuqua, D. (1987). Akt; Hollenbaugh, E. E. Ve Ferris, A. L. (2014). Facebook self-disclosure: Examining the role of traits, socail cohesion, and motives. Computers in Human Behavior. 30(2014), 50-58.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2002). Sosyal Bilimler İçin Veri Analizi El Kitabı. 6. Baskı. Ankara: PegemA Yayınevi.
  • Büyüköztürk, Ş., Çokluk, O., Şekercioğlu, G. (2014). Sosyal Bilimler için Çok Değişkenli İstatistik Uygulamaları: SPSS ve Lisrell Uygulamalar. Ankara. Pegem Yayınevi.
  • Caspi, A., Roberts, B.W. ve Shiner, R. C. (2005). Personality Development: Stability and Change. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 453-484.
  • Cattell, R. B. (1956). Personality and motivation theory based on structural measurement. In J. L. McCary (Ed.), Psychology of Personality (pp. 63-121). New York: Logos.
  • Cattell, R. B. (1956). Validation and intensification of the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 12, 205-214.
  • Costa, P. T. ve Mc Crae, R. R. (1995). Domains and facets: Hierarcical Personality Assessment Using the Revised NEO Personality ınventory. Journal of Personality Assessment. 64 (1). 21-50.
  • Crocker, J. ve Park, L. E. (2004). The costly pursuit of self-esteem. Psychological Bulletin. 130, 392-414. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.130.3.392.
  • Davidson, R. ve Duberman, L. (1982). Friendship: Communication and interactional patterns in same-sex dyads. Sex Roles, 8, 809-822.
  • Dindia, K. (2002). Self-disclosure research: Knowlwdge through meta-analysis. İnm Allen, R.W. Preiss. B.M. Gayle N. Burnell (eds). Interpersonal Communication Research: Advances through meta-analysis. P. 169-185. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., ve Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook “friends”. Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 12(4), 1143-1168.
  • Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society. New York. Norton. Akt; Pempek, T. A., Yermolayeva, Y. A., ve Calvert, S.L. (2009). Collega students’ social networking experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 30, 227-238. Doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.010.
  • Fering, D. ve Flipp, S. H. (1996). Messung des selbstwertgefühls: befunde zu reliabilitat, validitat und stabilitat der Rosenberg–Skala, Diagnostica, 42, 284-292.
  • Fujita, F., Diener, E., ve Sandvik, E. (1991). Gender differences in negative affect and well-being: The case for emotional intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 427-434.
  • Forest, A. L., ve Wood, J. V. (2012). When socail networking is not working: Individuals wiith low self-esteem recognize but do not repeat the benefits of self-disclosure on Facebook. Psychology Science, 23, 295-302, http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797611429709.
  • Fox, J. Ve Warber, K. M. (2013). Romantic Relationship Development in the Age of Facebook: An Exploratory Study of Emerging Adults' Perceptions, Motives, and Behaviors Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. January 2013, 16(1): 3-7. doi:10.1089/cyber.2012.0288.
  • Graziano, W. G., Jensen-Campbell, L. A. Ve Hair, E. C. (1996). Perceiving ınterpersonal conflict and reacting to it: The case for agreeableness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 24, 893-905.
  • Greenhow, C. (2009). Tapping the wealth of social Networks for Professional development, Learning & Leading With Technology, June/July 2009, ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education).
  • Hoolenbaugh, E. E. ve Ferris, A. L. (2013). Facebook self-disclosure: Examining the role of traits, social cohesion, and motive. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 50-58.
  • Hunt, D. Atkin, D. ve Krishnan, A. (2012). The influence of computer-mediated communication apprehension on motives for Facebook use. Journal of Broadcasting and Electric Media. 56, 187-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08838151.2012.678717.
  • Kalpidou, M., Costin, D. Ve Morris, J. (2001). The realitonship between Facebook and the well-being of undergraduate college students. Cyberpsychology, behavior, and socail networking. 14, 183-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2010.0061.
  • Knapp, M. L., Ellis, D. G., ve Williams, B. A. (1980). Perceptions of communication behavior associated with relationship terms. Communication Monographs, 47, 262-278.
  • Kring, A. M. Ve Gordon, A. H. (1998). Sex differences in Emotion: Expression, Experince, and Psysiology. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 74, no. 3, 686-703.
  • Lee, J. E. R., Moore, D. C., Park, E.A. ve Park, S. G. (2012). Who wants to be friendrich? Social compensatory friending on Facebook and the moderating role of public self-consciousness. Computers in Human Behavior, 28. 1036-1043. http://dx.doi.org/101016/j.chb.2012.01.006.
  • Lenhart, A. ve Madden, M. (2007). Teens, privacy & online social Networks: howteens manage their online identieties and personal information in the age of MySpace. Washington, DC: Pew Internet & American Life Project.
  • Ma, M. L. ve Leung, L. (2006). Unwillingness-to-communicate, perceptions of the internet and self-disclosure in ICQ. Telematics and Informatics, 23, 22-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2005.01.001.
  • Maio, G. R. ve Esses, U. M. (2001). The need for affect: Individual differences ın the motivation to approach or avoid emotions. Journal of Personality, Vol. 69, Issues, 4, 583-614.
  • McCrae, R. R., Jang, K. L., Angleitner, A., Riemann, R., & Livesley, W. J. (2001). Sources of structure: Genetic,environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. Journal of Personality, 69(4), 511–535.
  • McKenna, K. Y. A., Green, A. S. ve Gleason, M. E. J. (2002). Relationship formation on the internet: what’s the big attraction? Journal of Social Issues, 5, 9-31.
  • Nadkarni, A. ve Hofmann, S.G. (2012). Why do people use Facebook? Personality and Indıvidual differences, 52 (3). 243-249.
  • Nolan-Hoeksema, S. ve Girgus, J.S. 81994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin. Vol 115, No 3, 424-443.
  • Papacharissi, Z. ve Mendelson, A. (2011). Toward a new (er) sociability: Uses, gratifications and social capital on Facebook. In S. Papathanassopulos (Ed.), Media perspectives fort he 21st Century (pp. 212-230). NY: Routledge.
  • Peter, J., Valkenburg, P. M. ve Shouten, A.P. (2005). Adolescents’ identity experiments on the internet. New Media and Society, 7(3), 383-402.
  • Pogue, (2009). “Pogues Posts, “Twittering Tips for Beginners”, http://pogue.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/01/15. (erişim tarihi: 17.10.2009).
  • Punyanunt-Carter, N. M. (2006). An analysis of college-students’ self-disclosure behaviors on the Internet. College Student Journal, 40(2), 329-331.
  • Ryan, T. ve Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the big five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in Human Behavior. 27 (2011). 1658-1664.
  • Roberts, D. F., Foehr, U. G., ve Rideout, V. (2005). Generation M: Media in the lives of 8-18 year-olds. Menlo-Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation.
  • Ross, C., Orr, E.S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M.G., ve Orr, R.R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 578-586.
  • Salovey, P., Detweiler, J.B., Steward, W.T., & Bedell, B.T. (2001). Affect and health-relevant cognition. In J. Forgas (Ed.), The handbook of affect and social cognition (pp. 344-368). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Socialbakers,(2009). (erişim tarihi 2.7.2014).
  • http://www.socialbakers.com/Facebook-pages/brands/country/turkey/.
  • Sheldon, K. M., Abad, N. ve Hirsch, C. (2011). A two-process view of Facebook use and relatedness need-satisfaction: Disconnection drives use, and connection rewards it. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100,766-775.
  • Special, W. P., ve Li-Barber, K. T. (2012). Self-disclosure and student satisfaction with Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 624-630. http:dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.11.008.
  • Stren, S. R. (2004). Expressions of identity online: prominent features and gender differences in adolescents’. World wide web home pages. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 48 (2), 218-243.
  • Taylor, S. E., Peplau, L. A., ve Sears, D. O. (2005). Sosyal Psikoloji Ders Kitabı, Ankara: İmge Kitabevi.
  • Xue-Yun (2007). Social psychology attribution of “EGao” in üniversity, US-China Education Review, 4(3), 1548-1613.
  • Valkenburg, P. M., Schouten, A. P., & Peter, J. (2005). Adolescents’ identity experiments on the internet. New Media & Society, 7(3) 383-402.
  • Wiley, C., & Sisson, M. (2006). Ethics, accuracy and assumption: The use of face book by students and employers. Paper presented at the Southwestern Ohio Council for Higher Education Special Topics Forum, Dayton, OH. www.checkFacebook.com 15 Eylül 2009.
  • Yurtkoru, E. S. (2009). Sosyal ağ kullanımını etkileyen unsurların istatistiksel modellemesi: Facebook üzerine bir uygulama, 10. Ekonomik ve İstatistik Sempozyumu, Atatürk Üniversitesi Palandöken, Erzurum.
Konular Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler, Eğitim Bilimleri, Sosyal Bilimler (Genel)
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Ertuğrul UÇAR
Kurum: AKSARAY UNIV
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @ { ihead292791, journal = {Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {2528-9624}, eissn = {2528-9632}, address = {Aksaray Üniversitesi}, year = {2016}, volume = {1}, pages = {41 - 57}, doi = {}, title = {FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI}, key = {cite}, author = {UÇAR, Ertuğrul} }
APA UÇAR, E . (2016). FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI. Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi, 1 (1), 41-57. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/ihead/issue/27732/292791
MLA UÇAR, E . "FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI". Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 1 (2016): 41-57 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ihead/issue/27732/292791>
Chicago UÇAR, E . "FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI". Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 1 (2016): 41-57
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI AU - Ertuğrul UÇAR Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - DO - T2 - Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 41 EP - 57 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - 2528-9624-2528-9632 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2016 ER -
EndNote %0 Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI %A Ertuğrul UÇAR %T FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI %D 2016 %J Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 2528-9624-2528-9632 %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD UÇAR, Ertuğrul . "FACEBOOK’TA DUYGULARI İFADE ETME ÖLÇEĞİ GELİŞTİRME ÇALIŞMASI". Ihlara Eğitim Araştırmaları Dergisi 1 / 1 (Haziran 2016): 41-57.