A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING
4D YAZDIRMA ÜZERİNDE BİR KISA İNCELEME

Fraz Ahmad Khan [1] , H. Kursat Celik [2] , Okan Oral [3] , Allan E. W. Rennie [4]

108 202

Additive Manufacturing can be described as a process to build 3D objects by adding layer-upon-layer of material, the material traditionally being plastics, metals or ceramics, however ‘smart’ materials are now in use. Nowadays, the term “3D Printing” has become a much-used synonym for additive manufacturing. The use of computing, 3D solid modeling applications, layering materials and machine equipment is common to majority of additive manufacturing technologies. Advancing from this 3D printing technology, is an emerging trend for what is being termed “4D printing”. 4D printing places dependency on smart materials, the functionality of additive manufacturing machines and in ingenious design processes. Although many developments have been made, limitations are still very much in existence, particularly with regards to function and application. The objective of this short review is to discuss the developments, challenges and outlook for 4D printing technology. The review revealed that 4D printing technology has application potential but further research work will be vital for the future success of 4D printing.


Katmanlı imalat; üç boyutlu objelerin uygun malzemeler kullanılarak katman-katman inşa edilmesi süreci olarak tanımlanabilmektedir. Genellikle kullanılan malzemeler plastik, metal veya seramikler olmakla birlikte son günlerde akıllı malzemelerinde bu teknolojide yer aldığı görülmektedir. Günümüzde yaygınlaşan bu teknolojide “üç boyutlu yazdırma (3D Printing)” kavramı genel terminoloji olan “katmanlı imalat” yerine de kullanılabilmektedir. Nümerik hesaplama yöntemleri, üç boyutlu katı modelleme uygulamaları, katman imalatta kullanılan malzemeler, bu işlemlerde yer alan makine elemanları/sistemleri katmanlı imalat teknolojilerinin başlıca gereklilikleri arasında yer almaktadır ve gün geçtikçe bu alanlarda yeni teknolojik gelişmeler görülmektedir. Bu bağlamda üç boyutlu yazdırma kavramının ötesinde ileri düzey teknoloji eğilimi ile yeni bir kavram olan “dört boyutlu yazdırma (4D Printing)” teknolojileri günümüzde artık uygulamaya konan yeni nesil bir katmanlı imalat yöntemi olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. 4D katmanlı imalat; akıllı malzemelere, katmanlı imalat makinelerinin işlevselliğine ve imalat yöntemine özgü tasarım süreçlerine bağımlı olarak ilerlemektedir. Bu konuda başarılı çalışmalar ortaya konsada hali hazırda imalat/ürün işlevselliği ve uygulamaları konularında önemli sınırlamalar bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 4D katmanlı imalat konusundaki teknolojik gelişmeleri ve uygulamada karşılaşılan sınırlamaları göz önüne alan genel bir bakış ortaya koymaktır. Çalışma sonucunda bu konuda faydalı literatür bilgileri toparlanmış ve 4D katmanlı imalat uygulamalarının ileri düzey imalat teknolojileri içerisinde yer alması için umut verici bir potansiyele sahip olduğu ancak bu konuda daha çok araştırmanın yürütülmesi gerekliliği vurgulanmıştır.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Fraz Ahmad Khan
Kurum: University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Ülke: Pakistan


Yazar: H. Kursat Celik (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Okan Oral
Kurum: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Allan E. W. Rennie
Kurum: Lancaster University, UK
Ülke: United Kingdom


Bibtex @derleme { ij3dptdi420629, journal = {International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry}, issn = {2602-3350}, address = {KERİM ÇETİNKAYA}, year = {}, volume = {2}, pages = {59 - 67}, doi = {}, title = {A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING}, key = {cite}, author = {Oral, Okan and Celik, H. Kursat and Khan, Fraz Ahmad and Rennie, Allan E. W.} }
APA Khan, F , Celik, H , Oral, O , Rennie, A . (). A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING. International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry, 2 (2), 59-67. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/ij3dptdi/issue/38540/420629
MLA Khan, F , Celik, H , Oral, O , Rennie, A . "A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 (): 59-67 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ij3dptdi/issue/38540/420629>
Chicago Khan, F , Celik, H , Oral, O , Rennie, A . "A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 (): 59-67
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING AU - Fraz Ahmad Khan , H. Kursat Celik , Okan Oral , Allan E. W. Rennie Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 67 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - 2602-3350- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING %A Fraz Ahmad Khan , H. Kursat Celik , Okan Oral , Allan E. W. Rennie %T A SHORT REVIEW ON 4D PRINTING %D 2019 %J International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry %P 2602-3350- %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Khan, Fraz Ahmad , Celik, H. Kursat , Oral, Okan , Rennie, Allan E. W. . "4D YAZDIRMA ÜZERİNDE BİR KISA İNCELEME". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 / 2 59-67.