EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS
EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS

David Hughes [1] , Emeka Amalu [2]

67 170

There is continued growth in 3D print technology utilising thermoplastic materials that include polylactic acid (PLA) to print components of systems. The electrical properties of 3D printed thermoplastic components are critical because the product’s conductivity is temperature dependent owing to the kinetics of breakage and reformation of their aggregated structure. This knowledge drives research to make 3D printed components more functional in terms of their electrical properties in addition to their mechanical properties. This research studies the effect of temperature on the conductivity of 3D printed components. The range of temperature T considered is 22 ˚C≤T≤55˚C . A conductive 3D print filament made of PLA and filled with 4% carbon black is printed using Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM). The layer height and infill ratio are varied while the material resistivity ρ is measured as a function of temperature change. The measured magnitudes of resistivity lies in the range of 29.38 Ω≤ρ≤6750 Ω. The ρ is found to be a parabolic function of T – depicting an increase to a maximum and subsequent decrease. The parabolic nature of the ρ function is most visible in sample 1 which demonstrates an absolute change in ρ of 26%. The sample consisting of 50% infill ratio and 0.2 mm layer thickness (STDev 0.446) demonstrates least response to variations in temperature with the range investigated. This investigation reports on the significance of processing variables of FDM on the thermal sensitivity of conductive 3D printed Components. 

There is continued growth in 3D print technology utilising thermoplastic materials that include polylactic acid (PLA) to print components of systems. The electrical properties of 3D printed thermoplastic components are critical because the product’s conductivity is temperature dependent owing to the kinetics of breakage and reformation of their aggregated structure. This knowledge drives research to make 3D printed components more functional in terms of their electrical properties in addition to their mechanical properties. This research studies the effect of temperature on the conductivity of 3D printed components. The range of temperature T considered is 22 ˚C≤T≤55˚C . A conductive 3D print filament made of PLA and filled with 4% carbon black is printed using Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM). The layer height and infill ratio are varied while the material resistivity ρ is measured as a function of temperature change. The measured magnitudes of resistivity lies in the range of 29.38 Ω≤ρ≤6750 Ω. The ρ is found to be a parabolic function of T – depicting an increase to a maximum and subsequent decrease. The parabolic nature of the ρ function is most visible in sample 1 which demonstrates an absolute change in ρ of 26%. The sample consisting of 50% infill ratio and 0.2 mm layer thickness (STDev 0.446) demonstrates least response to variations in temperature with the range investigated. This investigation reports on the significance of processing variables of FDM on the thermal sensitivity of conductive 3D printed Components. 

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Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
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Orcid: 0000-0002-9158-0017
Yazar: David Hughes (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Teesside University
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Emeka Amalu
Kurum: Teesside University
Ülke: United Kingdom


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ij3dptdi422059, journal = {International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry}, issn = {2602-3350}, address = {KERİM ÇETİNKAYA}, year = {}, volume = {2}, pages = {111 - 115}, doi = {}, title = {EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS}, key = {cite}, author = {Amalu, Emeka and Hughes, David} }
APA Hughes, D , Amalu, E . (). EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS. International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry, 2 (2), 111-115. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/ij3dptdi/issue/38540/422059
MLA Hughes, D , Amalu, E . "EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 (): 111-115 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ij3dptdi/issue/38540/422059>
Chicago Hughes, D , Amalu, E . "EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 (): 111-115
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS AU - David Hughes , Emeka Amalu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 111 EP - 115 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - 2602-3350- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS %A David Hughes , Emeka Amalu %T EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS %D 2019 %J International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry %P 2602-3350- %V 2 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Hughes, David , Amalu, Emeka . "EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ON CONDUCTIVITY OF PLA-CARBON 3D PRINTED COMPONENTS". International Journal of 3D Printing Technologies and Digital Industry 2 / 2 111-115.