Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 114 - 131 2018-08-01

Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology

Bhumika N. Vaghela [1] , Mona G Parmar [2] , Hitesh A. Solanki [3] , Bhagirath B. Kansara [4] , Sumit K. Prajapati [5] , Manik H. Kalubarme [6]

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Mangroves are coastal wetland forests established in the intertidal zones of estuaries, backwaters, deltas, creeks, lagoons, marshes and mudflats of tropical and subtropical latitudes. World-wide mangroves are disappearing at an alarming rate. Mangroves form one of the most important ecosystems of coastal areas. In real sense, mangrove is the Kalpvriksh (divine tree which fulfills all the desires) for the coastal communities. It nurtures and safeguards the local ecology of the coastal areas and provides livelihood options to the fishermen and pastoral families. Amongst the maritime States of India, Gujarat has the second highest mangrove cover after West Bengal. Additionally, during last three decades Gujarat has more than doubled its mangrove cover. In Gujarat State, mangroves are well developed in Lakhpat taluka (block) situated in Kachchh district. In recent past, Gulf of Kachchh experienced both natural and anthropogenic changes which made it a distinctive site to analyze how natural processes and anthropogenic activities determine the changes in mangrove vegetation density and health of mangroves in coastal areas.  

Multi-temporal Landsat TM data covering Lakhpat taluka (block) of February-1995, February-2017and Sentinel-2 multi-spectral data (spatial resolution 10 m) of April-2017 was analysed. The mangrove vegetation around the coastal areas was identified and classified into dense and sparse density classes based on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) thresholding approach. The health assessment of mangroves in Lakhpat taluka was attempted using Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach including various parameters like mangrove density based on NDVI, Distance of mangroves from human settlement, Distance of mangrove from Industries and Ports which have direct impact of growth and health of mangroves, Erosion/Accretion over the period of last 22 years and availability of Saline water flow during the high tide for good mangrove growth. The buffers layers of various distances for example, 0 to 10 km, 10 to 20 km and 20 to 35 km were generated from the existing mangroves using Sentinel-2 multi-spectral image in GIS environment.  

The results indicate that the NDVI which is single parameter indicating the mangrove stand / vigour, growth condition and resulting health of mangroves in the area. This factor has been given highest weightage as compared to other parameters. The major anthropogenic factors like human Pressure and presence of Industries and Ports have negative impact on the mangrove health. Therefore, it was observed that presence of human settlements and Industries and Ports with the buffer region of 0 to 10 km distances from mangroves are unhealthy or prone to degradation in this region. The results of health assessment are very useful for sustainable planning and management of mangroves in the coastal areas of Lakhpat Taluka. The mangrove restoration and regeneration activity needs to be carried out as suggested by Upadhyay et al., 2015 with active participation of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) to increase the mangrove density as well as mangrove health in this region. 


Mangroves, Multi-temporal Landsat TM data, Vegetation Indices (VIs), Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) approach, Mangrove health assessment
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Yazar: Bhumika N. Vaghela
Kurum: Gujarat University, School of Sciences, Department of Climate Change Impacts Management
Ülke: India


Yazar: Mona G Parmar
Kurum: Gujarat University, School of Sciences, Department of Climate Change Impacts Management
Ülke: India


Yazar: Hitesh A. Solanki
Kurum: Gujarat University, School of Sciences, Department of Climate Change Impacts Management
Ülke: India


Yazar: Bhagirath B. Kansara
Kurum: Government of Gujarat, Bhaskarcharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Department of Science &Technology
Ülke: India


Yazar: Sumit K. Prajapati
Kurum: Government of Gujarat, Bhaskarcharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Department of Science &Technology
Ülke: India


Yazar: Manik H. Kalubarme
Kurum: Government of Gujarat, Bhaskarcharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG), Department of Science &Technology
Ülke: India


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo412511, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {114 - 131}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.412511}, title = {Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology}, key = {cite}, author = {Prajapati, Sumit K. and Parmar, Mona G and Kalubarme, Manik H. and Solanki, Hitesh A. and Vaghela, Bhumika N. and Kansara, Bhagirath B.} }
APA Vaghela, B , Parmar, M , Solanki, H , Kansara, B , Prajapati, S , Kalubarme, M . (2018). Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology. International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 5 (2), 114-131. DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.412511
MLA Vaghela, B , Parmar, M , Solanki, H , Kansara, B , Prajapati, S , Kalubarme, M . "Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 (2018): 114-131 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ijegeo/issue/38250/412511>
Chicago Vaghela, B , Parmar, M , Solanki, H , Kansara, B , Prajapati, S , Kalubarme, M . "Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 (2018): 114-131
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology AU - Bhumika N. Vaghela , Mona G Parmar , Hitesh A. Solanki , Bhagirath B. Kansara , Sumit K. Prajapati , Manik H. Kalubarme Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.412511 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.412511 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 114 EP - 131 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.412511 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.412511 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology %A Bhumika N. Vaghela , Mona G Parmar , Hitesh A. Solanki , Bhagirath B. Kansara , Sumit K. Prajapati , Manik H. Kalubarme %T Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology %D 2018 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.412511 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.412511
ISNAD Vaghela, Bhumika N. , Parmar, Mona G , Solanki, Hitesh A. , Kansara, Bhagirath B. , Prajapati, Sumit K. , Kalubarme, Manik H. . "Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) Approach for Mangrove Health Assessment using Geo-informatics Technology". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 / 2 (Ağustos 2018): 114-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.412511