Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 3, Sayfalar 314 - 324 2018-12-02

Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP)

Behnam Khorrami [1] , Khalil Valizadeh Kamran [2] , Shahram Roostaei [3]

20 44

Groundwater resources are among the world’s most important and vital supplies which are highly required for continuation of human life as well as wildlife. The growth of world’s population and the occurrence of climatic drought in recent decades have put a severe strain on these blessings all over the world so that most of the aquifers have dried up and the depth to groundwater in wells has deepened severely. In the present study the Analytic Network Process was used to extract degradation risk zones of groundwater in Marand Plain. To do this, all the effective factors including precipitation, air temperature, land use, soil permeability, flow direction, proximity to rivers and groundwater exploitation via wells and qanats were used. After construction of the database in GIS environment, the structure of the network was designed in Super Decision software. Clustering and pair-wise comparisons of the elements were executed based on the results of the Expert Knowledge questionnaire and the priority weights for each cluster and parameter was extracted consequently. Finally, the priority weights of the criteria were applied on the map layers and the final degradation risk map created overlaying all the maps. According the final output of the study, the Eastern and Western parts of Marand Plain have the highest and lowest susceptibilities respectively. It’s also found that the groundwater decline trend mimics the surface topography and flow direction in which has an East-West pattern.

Susceptibility Assessment, Groundwater Degradation, GIS, ANP, Marand Plain
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Dergi Bölümü Research Articles
Yazarlar

Yazar: Behnam Khorrami (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Dokuz Eylul University
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Khalil Valizadeh Kamran
Kurum: University of Tabriz
Ülke: Iran


Yazar: Shahram Roostaei
Kurum: University of Tabriz
Ülke: Iran


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijegeo451067, journal = {International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-9173}, address = {Cem GAZİOĞLU}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {314 - 324}, doi = {10.30897/ijegeo.451067}, title = {Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP)}, key = {cite}, author = {Roostaei, Shahram and Valizadeh Kamran, Khalil and Khorrami, Behnam} }
APA Khorrami, B , Valizadeh Kamran, K , Roostaei, S . (2018). Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP). International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics, 5 (3), 314-324. DOI: 10.30897/ijegeo.451067
MLA Khorrami, B , Valizadeh Kamran, K , Roostaei, S . "Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 (2018): 314-324 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ijegeo/issue/39624/451067>
Chicago Khorrami, B , Valizadeh Kamran, K , Roostaei, S . "Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 (2018): 314-324
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP) AU - Behnam Khorrami , Khalil Valizadeh Kamran , Shahram Roostaei Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.451067 DO - 10.30897/ijegeo.451067 T2 - International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 314 EP - 324 VL - 5 IS - 3 SN - -2148-9173 M3 - doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.451067 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.451067 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP) %A Behnam Khorrami , Khalil Valizadeh Kamran , Shahram Roostaei %T Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP) %D 2018 %J International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics %P -2148-9173 %V 5 %N 3 %R doi: 10.30897/ijegeo.451067 %U 10.30897/ijegeo.451067
ISNAD Khorrami, Behnam , Valizadeh Kamran, Khalil , Roostaei, Shahram . "Assessment of Groundwater-Level Susceptibility to Degradation Based on Analytical Network Process (ANP)". International Journal of Environment and Geoinformatics 5 / 3 (Aralık 2018): 314-324. http://dx.doi.org/10.30897/ijegeo.451067