Cilt 5, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 12 - 19 2017-10-23

The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator

Wudeneh Letchamo [1] , Thomas Hartman [2] , André Gosslin [3] , Nazim A. Mamedov [4] , Lyle Craker [5]

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Amaranth (Amaranthus spp. L.) (Amaranthaceae), an endemic plant in Central and South America, grows worldwide, being cultivated in many temperate and tropical countries. Although several species of amaranth are frequently considered weeds, the plant is recognized as a food, constructive medicine, a source of protein and minerals livestock feed. The plant is widely cultivated, promoted, and increasingly consumed as a leafy vegetable and traditional medicine in Africa. Despite progressive genetic improvement and modern plant growing technologies, unfavorable climatic and ecological factors reduce the yield, and quality of the active plant botanicals. The role of bio-transformed endophytic microbial plant growth regulator formulation (BESF) on yield and accumulation of phenolic compounds in amaranth leaves is poorly understood. The current study assessed the effects of pre-sowing seed treatments with 0.0 %, 0.2 % and 0.4 % concentrations of BESF solution on germination, leaf yield, flavor and phenolic content in genetically selected Amaranthus hybridus var. cruentus. Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). Significant treatment means were separated using Tukey test at p<0.05. BESF significantly increased fresh marketable leaf yield by over 360 kg/ha (29 %) compared to the control. The total flavonoid content in the leaves was raised by 34 % and 47 % with 0.2 % and 0.4 % BESF solution treatments respectively, compared to control. Maximum concentration levels of rutin, apigenin, apigetrin, and quercetin was obtained with 0.4% BESF solution treatment. An analysis of the collected data suggest that BESF was effective in overall improvement in leaf yield, chemical content, and flavor of A. hybridus var. cruentus, allowing us to recommend BESF application to raise A. hybridus var. cruentus leaves for nutrition and pharmacological applications.

apigenin,growth regulator,nutraceutical,quercetin,rutin,symbiont
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Konular Biyoloji
Yayımlanma Tarihi January
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Wudeneh Letchamo
E-posta: Wletchamo@gmail.com
Kurum: Camelina International
Ülke: Ethiopia


Yazar: Thomas Hartman
E-posta: thartman@aol.com
Kurum: CAFT SEBS Rutgers University
Ülke: United States


Yazar: André Gosslin
E-posta: andre.gosslin@ulaval.ca
Kurum: Université Laval
Ülke: Canada


Yazar: Nazim A. Mamedov
E-posta: mamedov@cas.umass.edu
Kurum: University of Massachusetts
Ülke: United States


Yazar: Lyle Craker
E-posta: craker@umass.edu
Kurum: University of Massachusetts
Ülke: United States


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ijsm345692, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, address = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2017}, volume = {5}, pages = {12 - 19}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.345692}, title = {The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator}, language = {en}, key = {cite}, author = {Letchamo, Wudeneh and Hartman, Thomas and Mamedov, Nazim A. and Craker, Lyle and Gosslin, André} }
APA Letchamo, W , Hartman, T , Gosslin, A , Mamedov, N , Craker, L . (2017). The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 5 (1), 12-19. DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.345692
MLA Letchamo, W , Hartman, T , Gosslin, A , Mamedov, N , Craker, L . "The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 5 (2017): 12-19 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ijsm/issue/30958/345692>
Chicago Letchamo, W , Hartman, T , Gosslin, A , Mamedov, N , Craker, L . "The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 5 (2017): 12-19
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator AU - Wudeneh Letchamo , Thomas Hartman , André Gosslin , Nazim A. Mamedov , Lyle Craker Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.345692 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.345692 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 12 EP - 19 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.345692 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.345692 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator %A Wudeneh Letchamo , Thomas Hartman , André Gosslin , Nazim A. Mamedov , Lyle Craker %T The Accumulation of Phenolic Compounds in Genetically Selected Amaranthus hybridus is Influenced by Endophytic Natural Growth Regulator %D 2017 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 5 %N 1 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.345692 %U 10.21448/ijsm.345692