Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer

Levent Yazıcı [1] , Güngör Yılmaz [2]

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The aim of this study is to determine the alkaloid and oil rates contents of some poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) varieties, such as morphine, codeine, oripavine, thebaine, noscapine and papaverine, which are planted as winter and summer. Five varieties of poppy (Zaferyolu, TMO 2, Ofis NP, Ofis 4, Anayurt) registered in different organizations were used in the research. The study was carried out in the trial field belonging to Tokat Middle Black Sea Crossing Belt Agricultural Research Institute Directorate in 2015 and 2016. Alkaloid analyzes were carried out on an HPLC device in the Bolvadin Alkaloid Plant Laboratory. The study was carried out in three replications according to randomized block trial design. As a result; Varieties of poppy the cultivated as summer, mean morphine value 0.61-1.19 %, the codeine 0.07-0.25 %, the oripavine 0.01-0.02 %, thebaine 0.02-0,11 %, noscapine, 0,04-0,49 %, papaverine , 0,03-0,18 and oil ratio values varied between 41,6-48,8 %. Varieties of poppy the cultivated as winter; mean morphine value 0.29-0.56 %, the codeine 0.04-0.09 %, the oripavine 0.0002-0.007 %, thebaine 0.01-0.06 %, noscapine, 0.009-0.93 %, papaverine , 0.00-0.06 %, and oil ratio values varied between 45.3-54.3 %. Poppy varieties cultivated as summer, according to winter sown alkaloid ratios are higher and oil ratios are lower.

Poppy, Papaver somniferum L., alkaloid, oil, winter, summer
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Konular Biyoloji
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Levent Yazıcı (Sorumlu Yazar)
E-posta: leventyzc@gmail.com

Yazar: Güngör Yılmaz
E-posta: gungor.yilmaz@gop.edu.tr

Bibtex @not { ijsm373906, journal = {International Journal of Secondary Metabolite}, issn = {}, address = {İzzet KARA}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, pages = {359 - 362}, doi = {10.21448/ijsm.373906}, title = {Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer}, key = {cite}, author = {Yazıcı, Levent and Yılmaz, Güngör} }
APA Yazıcı, L , Yılmaz, G . (2017). Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer. International Journal of Secondary Metabolite, 4 (3, Special Issue 2), 359-362. DOI: 10.21448/ijsm.373906
MLA Yazıcı, L , Yılmaz, G . "Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017): 359-362 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/ijsm/issue/33748/373906>
Chicago Yazıcı, L , Yılmaz, G . "Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer". International Journal of Secondary Metabolite 4 (2017): 359-362
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer AU - Levent Yazıcı , Güngör Yılmaz Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.373906 DO - 10.21448/ijsm.373906 T2 - International Journal of Secondary Metabolite JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 359 EP - 362 VL - 4 IS - 3, Special Issue 2 SN - -2148-6905 M3 - doi: 10.21448/ijsm.373906 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.21448/ijsm.373906 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Secondary Metabolite Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer %A Levent Yazıcı , Güngör Yılmaz %T Determination of alkaloids and oil rates of some poppy (papaver somniferum L.) varieties cultivated as winter and summer %D 2017 %J International Journal of Secondary Metabolite %P -2148-6905 %V 4 %N 3, Special Issue 2 %R doi: 10.21448/ijsm.373906 %U 10.21448/ijsm.373906