the richness of local flora and medicinal plant utilization, there is no any
report on documentation of antidiabetic botanicals used in Van province.
Therefore, the present study aimed to record accumulation of the traditional
antidiabetic medicinal plants of Van province in order to preserve the valuable
local medicines knowledge, which has been threatened by urbanization. Antidiabetic folk
medicines were determined via field surveys conducted in 1065 settlements
during the period of 2014-2017 through medicinal plants questionnaire
and structured face-to-face interviews (600 informants) with local people who
are well known in the province for their long practice in traditional medicine.
69 plant taxa (35 species with undocumented antidiabetic medicinal use in
scientific literature for Turkey) including five endemic and one rare to Turkey
belong to 16 families (principally Asteraceae and Lamiaceae) were recorded for
their traditional antidiabetic use. 52 different vernacular names were detected
which were mainly indicate morphological characteristics. Infusion prepared
from leaf and flower organs were found as the most common preparation method of
local medicines in the province. Use value analysis showed that Rheum ribes, Urtica dioica, Scutelleria orientalis
subsp. pichleri, Diplotenia
cachrydifolia, Teucrium polium, Rosa canina, Campanula glomerata subsp. hispida, Rumex scutatus, Helichrysum
plicatum subsp. plicatum and Tanacetum balsamita subsp. balsamita might serve promising
pharmaceutical agents for diabetes treatment.
Diabetes, Medicinal Plants, Van, Asteraceae