Yıl 2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 16, Sayfalar 121 - 138 2018-05-02

Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde Kızıltepe’deki Agro-Pastoral Topluluklar Üzerine Bir Antrozoolojik İnceleme
Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia

Süleyman Şanlı [1] , Abu Bakar Siddiq [2]

64 302

İnsanlar dünyada varlıktan beri diğer hayvanlarla karmaşık ilişkileri kurup yaşamaktadır. Bu karşılıklı ilişkiler, sonunda hayvanların evcilleştirilmesinin ardından yoğunlaştı. Güneydoğu Anadolu, koyun, keçi, sığır ve domuzun ilk evcilleştirilmesinin önemli bölgelerden biridir ve ayrıca evcil sürüleri bölgedeki her sosyo-kültürel açıdan bugüne kadar de önemli olduğunu söz konusudur. Bu nedenle, Güneydoğu Anadolu pastoral ekonomi ve insan-hayvan ilişkileri incelemek için ideal bir yer olarak kabul edilmektedir. Kızıltepe'deki pastoral toplumlarda yapılan saha çalışması ve vaka araştırmaları sonucunda, bu makale bazı koyun, keçi ve sığırlar, insanların yanı sıra diğer türe ait hayvan bireylerine ayırt edebilecek ve tanıyabilecek nitelikte olduklarını tespit etmektedir. Kızıltepe'deki sürü hayvanlar, protein, zenginlik ve sosyal statü sağlamanın yanı sıra, kentsel toplumlarda evcil hayvanlar gibi insanlara duygusal bağlar ve derin sevgi de göstermektedir. Öte yandan, çağdaş bazı araştırmalara odaklanan sonuçların aksine Kızıltepe’deki çocuk-hayvan işinkiler içinde herhangi bir cinsiyet veya kardeşlik etkisi gözlemlenmemektedir. Genel gözlemlerimiz ve bulgularımız, aynı zamanda, Güneydoğu Anadolu'da insan ve sürü hayvanları arasındaki karmaşık ilişkiler nedeniyle teşvik edilen bazı somut olmayan kültürel faktörleri de göstermektedir. 

Since the origin, humans have been depended and formed mixtures of complex relationships with nonhuman animals. These mutualistic relationships eventually intensified following the animal domestication. Southeast Anatolia is one of the important regions where the first domestication of sheep, goat, cattle, and pig occurred as well as domestic herds have been fundamental in every socio-cultural aspect in the region until today. Therefore, Southeast Anatolia has been an ideal place for pastoral and antorozoological study. Through fieldworks and exploratory case studies in agro-pastoral societies in Kızıltepe, we found certain sheep, goats, and cattle are capable of distinguishing and recognizing human and other cross-species individuals as like they do in their own species. Alongside of providing protein, wealth and social status, herd animals in Kızıltepe also possess deep affection and emotional bonds with human individuals as like as pets in urban societies. On the other hand, we do not observe any gender or sibling effect in children-animal bond which was focused in some contemporary studies. Our overall observations and findings also demonstrate some intangible culture cores in Southeast Anatolia which is promoted mainly by the complex relationships between human and their domestic herds. 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal Bilimler (Genel)
Yayımlanma Tarihi Bahar 2018
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Süleyman Şanlı
Kurum: Department of Anthropology, Mardin Artuklu University
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Abu Bakar Siddiq
Kurum: Department of Anthropology, Mardin Artuklu University
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { insanveinsan378568, journal = {İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-7537}, address = {Okur Yazar Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {5}, pages = {121 - 138}, doi = {10.29224/insanveinsan.378568}, title = {Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia}, key = {cite}, author = {Şanlı, Süleyman and Siddiq, Abu Bakar} }
APA Şanlı, S , Siddiq, A . (2018). Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia. İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi, 5 (16), 121-138. DOI: 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568
MLA Şanlı, S , Siddiq, A . "Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia". İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi 5 (2018): 121-138 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/insanveinsan/issue/36858/378568>
Chicago Şanlı, S , Siddiq, A . "Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia". İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi 5 (2018): 121-138
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia AU - Süleyman Şanlı , Abu Bakar Siddiq Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568 DO - 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568 T2 - İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 121 EP - 138 VL - 5 IS - 16 SN - -2148-7537 M3 - doi: 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.29224/insanveinsan.378568 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia %A Süleyman Şanlı , Abu Bakar Siddiq %T Anthrozoological Study on the Agro-Pastoral Societies of Kiziltepe, Southeast Anatolia %D 2018 %J İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi %P -2148-7537 %V 5 %N 16 %R doi: 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568 %U 10.29224/insanveinsan.378568
ISNAD Şanlı, Süleyman , Siddiq, Abu Bakar . "Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde Kızıltepe’deki Agro-Pastoral Topluluklar Üzerine Bir Antrozoolojik İnceleme". İnsan ve İnsan Bilim Kültür Sanat ve Düşünce Dergisi 5 / 16 (Mayıs 2018): 121-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.29224/insanveinsan.378568