Yıl 2017, Cilt 2, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 1 - 20 2017-01-31

Çifte Kazanç Hipotezinin OECD Ekonomileri İçin Testi: Panel Eşbütünleşme ve Nedensellik Analizi
Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis

Mehmet Hanefi Topal [1]

627 399

Çevresel vergi reformları son yıllarda oldukça popüler hale geldi. Bunun asıl sebebi küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliğinden duyulan endişedir. Pek çok ülkenin yüzleştiği diğer bir sorun da yüksek düzeyde işsizliktir. Çevreyi kirliliğini azaltmak için çevresel vergilerin etkin bir mali araç olduğu uzun yıllardır bilinmektedir. Ancak kamu maliyesi literatürüne yakın dönemde giren çifte kazanç hipotezi, çevresel vergilerin çevre kirliliğini azaltıcı faydasına ek olarak istihdamı arttırıcı ikinci bir faydasının da olduğunu iddia etmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı 1994-2013 yılı verilerinden yararlanarak bu iddianın OECD ekonomileri için geçerli olup olmadığını panel eşbütünleşme ve nedensellik analizleri ile test etmektir. Panel VECM nedensellik analizi sonuçlarına göre OECD ekonomilerinde kısa dönemde yalnızca çevre vergilerinden çevre kirliliğine doğru bir nedensellik ilişkisi söz konusu iken uzun dönemde çevre vergilerinden hem çevre kirliliğine hem de işsizliğe doğru bir nedensellik ilişkisi mevcuttur. Panel FMOLS eşbütünleşme analizi sonuçlarına göre OECD ekonomilerinde çevre vergileri hem çevre kirliliğini hem de işsizliği azaltmaktadır. Ülkelere özgü FMOLS sonuçlarına göre ise çifte kazanç hipotezi OECD ekonomilerinden yalnızca 14’ü için geçerlidir.

Environmental tax reforms have become more popular in recent years. The main reason for this situation is concern about global warming and climate change. Also, another problem that most countries have faced is the high level of unemployment. It has been known that environmental taxes are an efficient fiscal instrument to decrease environmental pollution for many years. On the other hand, double-dividend hypothesis that has entered the public finance literature in the recent time claims two benefits of environmental taxes. In addition to lowering environmental pollution, it also enhances employment level. The aim of this paper is to test whether this claim is valid, using panel cointegration and causality analyses for OECD countries from the 1994-2013 period. According to Panel VECM causality analysis results, it has only causality relationship from environmental taxes to environmental pollution in the short run in OECD economies while  there are causality relationship from environmental taxes to environmental pollution and unemployment level in the long run. On the other hand, panel FMOLS cointegration results show that environmental taxes decrease both environmental pollution and unemployment level in OECD economies. Finally, country specific results found that double-dividend hypothesis is valid for 14 OECD economies.    

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Yazar: Mehmet Hanefi Topal
Kurum: GUMUSHANE UNIV
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { isrjournal284627, journal = {The Journal of International Scientific Researches}, issn = {2458-8725}, address = {Salih YILDIZ}, year = {2017}, volume = {2}, pages = {1 - 20}, doi = {10.23834/isrjournal.284627}, title = {Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis}, key = {cite}, author = {Topal, Mehmet Hanefi} }
APA Topal, M . (2017). Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis. The Journal of International Scientific Researches, 2 (4), 1-20. DOI: 10.23834/isrjournal.284627
MLA Topal, M . "Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 (2017): 1-20 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/isrjournal/issue/27622/284627>
Chicago Topal, M . "Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 (2017): 1-20
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis AU - Mehmet Hanefi Topal Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.284627 DO - 10.23834/isrjournal.284627 T2 - The Journal of International Scientific Researches JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 20 VL - 2 IS - 4 SN - 2458-8725- M3 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.284627 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.284627 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of International Scientific Researches Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis %A Mehmet Hanefi Topal %T Testing Double Dividend Hypothesis for OECD Economies: A Panel Cointegration and Causality Analysis %D 2017 %J The Journal of International Scientific Researches %P 2458-8725- %V 2 %N 4 %R doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.284627 %U 10.23834/isrjournal.284627
ISNAD Topal, Mehmet Hanefi . "Çifte Kazanç Hipotezinin OECD Ekonomileri İçin Testi: Panel Eşbütünleşme ve Nedensellik Analizi". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 2 / 4 (Ocak 2017): 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.284627