Yıl 2018, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, Sayfalar 29 - 50 2018-04-05

Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies
Açıklık Üzerindeki Engeller: Teknoloji Geliştirme Bölgesi Firmaları Örneği

Kübra Şimşek [1] , Nihan Yıldırım [2]

52 67

Open Innovation promises higher outcomes from innovation processes through collaboration and sharing knowledge and the intellectual assets. Inclusion of suppliers, customers or users, partners, and even competitors in innovative processes can help to overcome constraints on internal resources. For ICT companies that operate in eco-systems of technology development zones (TDZ), open innovation approach becomes more critical mostly due to the scale and experience constraints. To understand the barriers of open innovation for ICT firms in TDZs can significantly help strategy and decision makers in designing policies and actions to empower innovation processes in order to overcome these barriers and hence to utilize open innovation for higher competitiveness. Various researchers examined the challenges of open innovation in various contexts, as well as the innovativeness and business performances of TDZ companies. However, there is still a room for research on exploring the dimensions of motives and barriers of open innovation practices of these companies. This study aims to explore the barriers for open innovation in ICT TDZ companies through surveys and in-depth interviews that are carried out in 102 ICT firms in TDZs in Turkey. By applying factor analysis, the main barriers to openness are identified and relationships of these barriers with the company’s characteristics explored. Findings reveal that the most frequently perceived constraints are financial and administrative problems.

Açık inovasyon, işbirlikleri ve bilgi ve entelektüel varlık paylaşımı yoluyla inovasyon süreçlerinden daha iyi çıktılar elde edilmesini sağlamaktadır. Tedarikçilerin, müşteri ya da kullanıcıların, ortakların ve hatta rakiplerin inovatif süreçlere dâhil edilmesi, dahili kaynaklar üzerindeki kısıtların üstesinden gelmeye yardımcı olmaktadır. Açık inovasyon yaklaşımı, özellikle teknoloji geliştirme bölgelerinin (TDZ) ekosistemlerinde faaliyet göstermekte olan bilgi ve iletişim teknolojileri firmaları için, ölçek kısıtları ve deneyim eksiklikleri dolayısıyla daha kritik bir hal almaktadır. Teknoloji geliştirme bölgelerindeki bilgi ve iletişim teknolojileri işletmelerinin açık inovasyon uygulamaları üzerindeki engelleri anlamak, karar vericilere politika tasarımı ve bu engellerin üstesinden gelmek ve dolayısıyla rekabet avantajı sağlamak yoluyla inovasyon süreçlerini güçlendirme hususunda yardımcı olabilmektedir. Çeşitli araştırmacılar, TDZ firmalarının yenilikçilik ve iş performanslarının yanı sıra çeşitli bağlamlarda açık inovasyon uygulamaları sırasında karşılaştıkları engelleri incelemiştir. Fakat özellikle teknoloji geliştirme bölgelerindeki bilgi ve iletişim teknolojileri firmalarının açık inovasyon motivasyon faktörleri ve engellerini incelemek gerekmektedir. Bu çalışma, Türkiye’deki teknoloji geliştirme bölgelerinde bulunan 102 bilgi ve iletişim teknolojileri firmasına uygulanan anketler ve derinlemesine mülakatlar üzerinden açık inovasyona ilişkin engelleri araştırmayı amaçlamaktadır. Faktör analizi uygulanarak, açıklık üzerindeki temel engeller belirlenmiş ve bu engellerin şirketlerin özellikleri ile ilişkileri araştırılmıştır. Bulgular, en sık görülen engellerin finansal ve idari sorunlara ilişkin olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır.

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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6404-3999
Yazar: Kübra Şimşek (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Istanbul Technical University
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6279-3849
Yazar: Nihan Yıldırım
Kurum: Istanbul Technical University
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { isrjournal392830, journal = {The Journal of International Scientific Researches}, issn = {2458-8725}, address = {Salih YILDIZ}, year = {2018}, volume = {3}, pages = {29 - 50}, doi = {10.23834/isrjournal.392830}, title = {Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıldırım, Nihan and Şimşek, Kübra} }
APA Şimşek, K , Yıldırım, N . (2018). Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies. The Journal of International Scientific Researches, 3 (1), 29-50. DOI: 10.23834/isrjournal.392830
MLA Şimşek, K , Yıldırım, N . "Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 3 (2018): 29-50 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/isrjournal/issue/36450/392830>
Chicago Şimşek, K , Yıldırım, N . "Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 3 (2018): 29-50
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies AU - Kübra Şimşek , Nihan Yıldırım Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.392830 DO - 10.23834/isrjournal.392830 T2 - The Journal of International Scientific Researches JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 29 EP - 50 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - 2458-8725- M3 - doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.392830 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.392830 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of International Scientific Researches Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies %A Kübra Şimşek , Nihan Yıldırım %T Barriers to Openness: The Case of Technology Development Zone Companies %D 2018 %J The Journal of International Scientific Researches %P 2458-8725- %V 3 %N 1 %R doi: 10.23834/isrjournal.392830 %U 10.23834/isrjournal.392830
ISNAD Şimşek, Kübra , Yıldırım, Nihan . "Açıklık Üzerindeki Engeller: Teknoloji Geliştirme Bölgesi Firmaları Örneği". The Journal of International Scientific Researches 3 / 1 (Nisan 2018): 29-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.23834/isrjournal.392830