Yıl 2017, Cilt 2, Sayı 38, Sayfalar 23 - 48 2017-12-28

Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005)
Text und Performanz als eine interdisziplinäre und intermediale Umschreibung: Die Hamletmaschine (1977) und “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005)
Disiplinlerarası ve Medyalararası bir Yeniden Yazma Eylemi Olarak Metin ve Performans: Hamlet Makinesi (1977) & “Ophelia’ya Ölüm Yakışır” (2005)

Özlem Karadağ [1]

114 415

German playwright Heiner Müller produced post-dramatic plays using techniques such as pastiche, rewriting, alienation and reimagined history, myths and old texts within the context of postdramatic theatre. One of his most exemplary plays that uses these characteristics is Hamletmachine (Die Hamletmaschine, 1977). It is a distinctive rewriting of Hamlet with its interdisciplinary and intermedia characteristics. Hamletmachine as a rewriting, with the writing style of Müller in 1970s, puts forward the changes in and the important techniques of the twentieth century texts and performances. On the other hand, “Death Suits Ophelia,” directed by Ozan Gözel and Tuluğ Ülgen, focuses on Müller’s interpretations, and their performance piece creates a new text and gives way to new interpretations with its novel staging. The aim of this article is to argue that drama is an interdisciplinary and intermedia art by nature, and the performance can also be considered as a transition between different disciplines and also as another rewriting. For this aim, this article will discuss the interdisciplinary and intermedia characteristics of these plays by focusing on Müller’s Hamletmachine investigating the text’s relation to its predecessor, its use of technique and multi-interpretations and by also touching upon the different interpretations of the performance piece “Death Suits Ophelia”.

Der deutsche Dramatiker Heiner Müller produzierte im Kontext des postdramatischen Theaters Stücke mit Techniken wie Plastische, Umschreibung, Entfremdung und Neudefinition von Geschichte, Mythen und alten Texten. Eines seiner beispielhaftesten Stücke, das diese Eigenschaften aufweist, ist Die Hamletmaschine (1977). Es handelt sich dabei um eine unverwechselbare Umschreibung des Hamlet mit interdisziplinären und intermedialen Charakteristiken. Die Hamletmaschine ist eine Umschreibung mit dem Schreibstil von Müller aus den 1970er Jahren und legt die Veränderungen und wichtigen Techniken der Texte und Performances des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts vor. „Death Suits Ophelia“ von Ozan Gözel und Tuluğ Ülgen hingegen konzentriert sich auf Müllers Interpretationen, wobei ihr Performance-Stück einen neuen Text hervorbringt und eine neuartigen Inszenierung dieser neuen Interpretationen vorlegt. Das Ziel dieses Artikels ist es aufzuzeigen, dass das Drama von Natur aus eine interdisziplinäre und intermediale Kunst ist, und dass die Performance auch als Übergang zwischen verschiedenen Disziplinen, und gleichsam als eine andere Umschreibung betrachtet werden kann. Zu diesem Zweck werden in diesem Artikel die interdisziplinären und intermedialen Charakteristika dieser Stücke diskutiert, wobei der Fokus auf seiner Beziehung von Müllers Die Hamletmaschine zu dessen Vorgänger, auf den Technikeinsatz, den Multi-Interpretationen, sowie den unterschiedlichen Interpretationen des Performance-Stückes “Death Suits Ophelia” liegen wird. 

Alman tiyatro yazarı Heiner Müller, post-dramatik eserler ortaya koymuş, pastiş, yeniden-yazım ve yabancılaştırma tekniklerini kullanmış, tarihi, mitleri ve eski metinleri post-dramatik tiyatro bağlamında tekrar ele almıştır. Yazarın, bu bahsedilen karakteristik özellikleri taşıyan en önemli metinlerinden biri de Shakespeare’in Hamlet’ini çok farklı bir şekilde yeniden yazdığı, disiplinlerarası ve medyalararası özellikler taşıyan Hamlet Makinesi’dir (Die Hamletmaschine, 1977). Bir yeniden yazım olan Hamlet Makinesi, Müller’in 1970’lerdeki yazım şekli ile 20. yüzyılın sadece metinsel olarak değil performans anlamında da değişen yüzünü ve önem verdiği teknikleri ortaya koyar. Ozan Gözel ve Tuluğ Ülgen tarafından yönetilen “Ophelia’ya Ölüm Yakışır” sekansı ise Müller’in yorumlarına odak alarak yeni bir metin ve farklı bir sahneleme ile yeni yorumlara olanak tanır. Bu makalenin amacı tiyatronun doğası gereği disiplinlerarası ve medyalararası bir yapıya sahip olduğunu, metnin performansa dönüşümünün hem disiplinlerarası bir geçiş hem de bir yeniden yazım olarak ele alınabileceğini tartışmaktır. Bu amaçla Müller’in Hamlet Makinesi’ne odaklanıp metnin öncülü ile ilişkisi, kullandığı teknik ve yorum çeşitliliğini irdeleyecek olan bu makale, aynı metinden yola çıkan, ama performans aracılığıyla farklı bir yorum getiren “Ophelia’ya Ölüm Yakışır” sekansı üzerinden bu yeniden yazımların disiplinlerarası ve medyalararası özelliklerini irdeleyecektir.

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Konular
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Özlem Karadağ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iuaded372297, journal = {Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi}, issn = {1303-9407}, address = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {2}, pages = {23 - 48}, doi = {}, title = {Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005)}, key = {cite}, author = {Karadağ, Özlem} }
APA Karadağ, Ö . (2017). Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005). Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi, 2 (38), 23-48. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/iuaded/issue/33502/372297
MLA Karadağ, Ö . "Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005)". Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi 2 (2017): 23-48 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/iuaded/issue/33502/372297>
Chicago Karadağ, Ö . "Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005)". Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi 2 (2017): 23-48
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005) AU - Özlem Karadağ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 23 EP - 48 VL - 2 IS - 38 SN - 1303-9407- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005) %A Özlem Karadağ %T Text and Performance as an Interdisciplinary and Intermedia Rewriting: Hamletmachine (1977) and “Death Suits Ophelia” (2005) %D 2017 %J Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi %P 1303-9407- %V 2 %N 38 %R %U
ISNAD Karadağ, Özlem . "Disiplinlerarası ve Medyalararası bir Yeniden Yazma Eylemi Olarak Metin ve Performans: Hamlet Makinesi (1977) & “Ophelia’ya Ölüm Yakışır” (2005)". Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı Dergisi 2 / 38 (Aralık 2017): 23-48.