Yıl 2018, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 173 - 195 2018-12-28

Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law
Otonom Araçların Kullanımından Doğan Cezaî Sorumluluk: Türk Hukuku Bakımından Genel Bir Değerlendirme

Tuba KELEP PEKMEZ [1]

9 60

This paper aims to evaluate the probable penal law issues that may arise from the usage of autonomous vehicles with artificial intelligence features within the framework of Turkish Penal Law, and it also aims to open a debate on this issue, which has not been discussed before in the context of the Turkish legal system. First, considering the principles and regulations published by various countries and organizations, the meaning of what determines an autonomous vehicle and the autonomy levels of such vehicles was determined. Second, it has been argued whether autonomous vehicles themselves could bear criminal responsibility. It has been stated that this would not be possible in terms of Turkish criminal law principles. For this reason, the issue was dealt with in terms of the responsibility of drivers and users. In this context, in order to determine the criminal responsibility of drivers and users, the necessity of separating the general principles of criminal responsibility in terms of intentional or negligent offenses is investigated. Although no specific difference has been identified in terms of intentional offenses, the rules related to cautiousness and the criteria for foreseeability should be examined in detail.
Bu çalışma otonom araçlar olarak adlandırılan yapay zekâ içeren araçların kullanımından doğabilecek olası ceza hukuku problemlerinin Türk Ceza Hukuku çerçevesinde genel olarak değerlendirilmesi ve hukukumuzda daha önce ele alınmamış bir konuyu tartışmaya açma amacı taşımaktadır. Çalışmada öncelikle otonom araçların neyi ifade ettiği ve hem çeşitli ülkeler hem de kuruluşlar tarafından yayınlanan ilke ve düzenlemeler çerçevesinde bunların kademeleri saptanmıştır. Daha sonra ise otonom araçların ceza hukuku sorumluluklarının olup olamayacağı tartışılarak Türk Ceza hukuku bakımından bunun mümkün olmayacağı kanaatine varılmış ve bu bağlamda sorumluluğu gündeme gelebilecek olan sürücüler ve kullanıcılar bakımından konu ele alınmıştır. Bu bağlamda otonom araç sürücü ve kullanıcılarının kasten veya taksirle işlenen suçlar bakımından ceza sorumluluklarının belirlenmesinin genel ilkelerden ayrılmayı gerektirip gerektirmeyeceği incelenmiştir. Kasten işlenen suçlar bakımından bir özellik saptanmazken, taksirli suçlar bakımından dikkat ve özen yükümlülüğüne ilişkin kurallar ile öngörülebilirlik kriterlerinin detaylı bir şekilde araştırılması gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır.
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Dergi Bölümü Araştırma Makalesi
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Orcid: 0000-0002-2042-2492
Yazar: Tuba KELEP PEKMEZ

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iuchkd504934, journal = {Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law \& Criminology}, issn = {2148-6646}, eissn = {2602-3911}, address = {İstanbul Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {173 - 195}, doi = {}, title = {Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law}, key = {cite}, author = {KELEP PEKMEZ, Tuba} }
APA KELEP PEKMEZ, T . (2018). Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law. Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology, 6 (2), 173-195. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/iuchkd/issue/41843/504934
MLA KELEP PEKMEZ, T . "Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law". Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology 6 (2018): 173-195 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/iuchkd/issue/41843/504934>
Chicago KELEP PEKMEZ, T . "Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law". Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology 6 (2018): 173-195
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law AU - Tuba KELEP PEKMEZ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 173 EP - 195 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 2148-6646-2602-3911 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law %A Tuba KELEP PEKMEZ %T Criminal Responsibility Arising From Usage of Autonomos Vehicles: A General Review in the context of Turkish Penal Law %D 2018 %J Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology %P 2148-6646-2602-3911 %V 6 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD KELEP PEKMEZ, Tuba . "Otonom Araçların Kullanımından Doğan Cezaî Sorumluluk: Türk Hukuku Bakımından Genel Bir Değerlendirme". Ceza Hukuku ve Kriminoloji Dergisi / Journal of Penal Law & Criminology 6 / 2 (Aralık 2018): 173-195.