Models of Differentiated Integration between the European Union and Third Countries and the Future of Turkey–EU Relations: A Neoliberal Approach
Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım

Ebru Turhan [1]

229 253

Studies and debates on the concept of “differentiated integration,” which has been a key feature of the political system of the EU for many decades, have come into prominence in the last decade in view of the multiple crises the EU has been facing. Whereas most of these studies dealt with internal differentiated integration within the EU, only a few studies focused on the “external” dimension of differentiated integration, which could be described as third countries’ differentiated levels of alignment with various parts of the EU’s acquis communautaire without participating in the EU’s central decision-making bodies. This study seeks to examine the development of different models of external differentiated integration between the EU and third countries based on the key premises and assumptions of neoliberalism and by focusing on the following three already established modes of external differentiated integration between the EU and third countries: European Economic Area, European neighborhood Policy, and Strategic Partnership. It further evaluates the latest developments in EU–Turkey relations and Turkey’s EU accession process in light of neoliberalism’s concept of “interdependence” and touches upon the possibility of the formation of a model of external differentiated integration between Turkey and the EU, outside the framework of the accession process by taking into account the recently established bilateral dialog mechanisms. 

Hâlihazırda AB’nin siyasi sisteminin önde gelen bir öğesi olan “farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon” kavramına yönelik analizler ve tartışmalar, özellikle geçtiğimiz on sene içerisinde AB’nin hala içinde bulunduğu çok katmanlı kriz dönemi ışığında artmıştır. İlgili çalışmaların çoğu, AB içerisinde vuku bulan farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon ile ilgilenirken, bu kavramın “dış boyutu” olarak nitelendirilen ve üçüncü ülkelerin AB’nin karar alma süreçlerine dahil olmadan AB müktesebatının farklı bölümleri ile farklı derecelerde uyum yakalamaları aracılığıyla meydana gelen “harici farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon” konusunda gerçekleştirilmiş çalışmalar son derece sınırlıdır. Bu çalışma, AB ve üçüncü ülkeler arasında harici farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon modellerinin geliştirilmesini neoliberal kuramın temel varsayımları temelinde açıklamayı ve bu kuramsal çerçevede AB ve üçüncü ülkeler arasında hâlihazırda gerçekleştirilen üç harici farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon modelini (Avrupa Ekonomik Alanı, Avrupa Komşuluk Politikası ve Stratejik Ortaklık) incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Çalışma, aynı zamanda, neoliberalizmin odaklandığı “karşılıklı bağımlılık” kavramı ışığında Türkiye-AB ilişkilerinde ve AB katılım müzakereleri sürecinde son dönemde yaşanan gelişmeleri analiz etmektedir ve yakın geçmişte iki taraf arasında hayata geçirilen ikili diyalog mekanizmalarını dikkate alarak Türkiye ile AB arasında üyelik çerçevesinin dışında bir harici farklılaştırılmış entegrasyon modeli oluşturulması ihtimaline değinmektedir. Anahtar 

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Orcid: 0000-0002-8064-4927
Yazar: Ebru Turhan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: TÜRK-ALMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { iusiyasal422974, journal = {SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences}, issn = {2602-3598}, eissn = {2618-6330}, address = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {}, volume = {27}, pages = {95 - 120}, doi = {}, title = {Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım}, key = {cite}, author = {Turhan, Ebru} }
APA Turhan, E . (). Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım. SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences, 27 (1), 95-120. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/iusiyasal/issue/36981/422974
MLA Turhan, E . "Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım". SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences 27 (): 95-120 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/iusiyasal/issue/36981/422974>
Chicago Turhan, E . "Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım". SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences 27 (): 95-120
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım AU - Ebru Turhan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 95 EP - 120 VL - 27 IS - 1 SN - 2602-3598-2618-6330 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım %A Ebru Turhan %T Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım %D 2018 %J SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences %P 2602-3598-2618-6330 %V 27 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Turhan, Ebru . "Avrupa Birliği’nin Üçüncü Ülkelerle Harici Farklılaştırılmış Entegrasyon Modelleri ve Türkiye-AB İlişkilerinin Geleceği: Neoliberal Bir Yaklaşım". SİYASAL / Journal of Political Sciences 27 / 1 95-120.