Year 2018, Volume 1, Issue 3, Pages 20 - 20 2018-12-08

An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis

Konstantia GRAIKOU [1] , Ioanna CHINOU [2]

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Knowledge of propolis composition, which depends on the geographical and climatic origin, is extremely valuable with respect to the problem of its standardization. Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of forty-five (45) selected Mediterranean propolis extracts from mainland Greece (22), Greek islands (15), Cyprus (5), Croatia (2), and Algeria (1) were determined.

All previously isolated metabolites from propolis by our team, together with their full structural determination through modern spectral means, were used as internal standards in our further GC-MS analyses. This method is proposed as an essential tool in the pursuit of a fast and cheap analytical method of propolis characterization (1, 2).

More than 300 constituents have been identified through GC-MS concluded that the Greek propolis samples share characteristics that differentiate them from typical European ones, mainly the presence of diterpenes in significant amounts and the relatively low quantity of phenolic acid esters. Mediterranean propolis could be confirmed as a new type of propolis consisting mainly from diterpenes and produced based to Conifer trees among Cupressaceae and Pinaceae, which are widespread in Mediterranean’s area Flora (3). All studied samples showed a very interesting antimicrobial activity against a panel og eleven human pathogenic microorganisms, probably due to their high terpenic content. Moreover they appeared as rich sources of natural antioxidants which can possibly be exploited as protective agents against various free radical related degenerative diseases.

In conclusion, Mediterranean propolis to our view is an adequately defined new propolis type, which can be added to the well accepted existing classes.

Acknowledgments: The author would like to thank the Special Account for Research Grants and the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens for funding their participation in this meeting
Propolis, Biological Activities
  • 1. Papachroni D., Graikou K., Kosalec I., Damianakos H., Ingram V., Chinou I. (2015). Phytochemical analysis and biological evaluation of selected African propolis samples from Cameroon and Congo. Natural Product Communication, 10: 67-70. 2. Popova M.P., Graikou K., Chinou I., Bankova V.S. (2010). GC-MS profiling of diterpene compounds in mediterranean propolis from Greece. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry, 58: 3167-3176. 3. Graikou K., Popova M., Gortzi O., Bankova V., Chinou I. (2016). Characterization and biological evaluation of selected Mediterranean propolis samples. Is it a new type? LWT-Food Science and Technology, 65: 261-267
Primary Language en
Subjects
Journal Section 2nd Propolis Conference Special Issue
Authors

Author: Konstantia GRAIKOU (Primary Author)

Author: Ioanna CHINOU

Bibtex @conference paper { jan488632, journal = {Journal of Apitherapy and Nature}, issn = {}, eissn = {2667-4734}, address = {Oktay YILDIZ}, year = {2018}, volume = {1}, pages = {20 - 20}, doi = {}, title = {An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis}, key = {cite}, author = {GRAIKOU, Konstantia and CHINOU, Ioanna} }
APA GRAIKOU, K , CHINOU, I . (2018). An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis. Journal of Apitherapy and Nature, 1 (3), 20-20. Retrieved from http://dergipark.gov.tr/jan/issue/40577/488632
MLA GRAIKOU, K , CHINOU, I . "An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis". Journal of Apitherapy and Nature 1 (2018): 20-20 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jan/issue/40577/488632>
Chicago GRAIKOU, K , CHINOU, I . "An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis". Journal of Apitherapy and Nature 1 (2018): 20-20
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis AU - Konstantia GRAIKOU , Ioanna CHINOU Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Journal of Apitherapy and Nature JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 20 EP - 20 VL - 1 IS - 3 SN - -2667-4734 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Apitherapy and Nature An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis %A Konstantia GRAIKOU , Ioanna CHINOU %T An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis %D 2018 %J Journal of Apitherapy and Nature %P -2667-4734 %V 1 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD GRAIKOU, Konstantia , CHINOU, Ioanna . "An Overview of Chemical Studies and Biological Activities of Mediterranean Propolis". Journal of Apitherapy and Nature 1 / 3 (December 2018): 20-20.