Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 57 - 69 2018-06-15

Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory

Ahmet Erhan AKAN [1] , Aytaç Perihan AKAN [2]

24 29

Today, one of the most important issues in the world is that the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is the fundamental reason for global warming exhibits a severe increase in every passing year. It is a general view that the most crucial step to succeed in mitigation carbon emissions is the reduction of energy consumption. In this study, production and energy consumption data only for year 2016 of an industrial textile factory in Turkey were employed to explore carbon emission mitigation potential through energy efficiency. The research consists of three steps listed as i) data collection, ii) data processing and iii) data evaluation. Energy saving potential of the industry has been determined with the help of the energy consumption relations developed depending on data obtained from the factory by calculating the target energy consumption for year 2017 and beyond. Also, the amount of reduction in carbon emissions stemming from the amount of fuel saved thanks to energy efficiency has been calculated. Energy saving potential for 2017 and later years was found 98.9 TOE per year and also due to these saving, the amount of the reduction in CO2 emissions of the factory will totally be 2.75 million-tones CO2 in comparison to year 2016. It is also seen that financial savings will be approximately € 28,646.06 for the year 2017 and later years.

Energy efficiency, Environmental aspects, Specific energy, Carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, Textile industry
  • Perry S, Klemes J, Bulatov I. Integrating Waste and Renewable Energy to Reduce the Carbon Footprint of Locally Integrated Energy Sectors, Energy 2008; 33:1489-1497. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2008.03.008>
  • Acaravci A, Ozturk I. On the Relationship between Energy Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth in Europe, Energy 2010; 35:5412-5420. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2010.07.009>
  • Kaygusuz K. Energy and Environmental Issues Relating to Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Sustainable Development in Turkey, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2009;13:253-270. < https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2007.07.009>
  • Özdabak A, Ertem ME. Energy Management Techniques, Erdemir Steel-Iron Factory, Karabük, Turkey: Nokta Ofset Publishing, 2001.
  • Söğüt Z, Oktay Z. The Effect on Energy Efficiency of Energy Scanning in the Industrial Sector and an Application, University of Dumlupınar, Journal of Graduate School of Science and Engineering. 2016; 10:151-162.
  • Çakal E. An Investigation on Energy Management in Manufacturing of Agricultural Machineries, MSc, Trakya Universty, Edirne, Turkey, 2006.
  • Hanley N, Mcgregor P, Swales JK, Turner K. Do Increases in Energy Efficiency Improve Environmental Quality and Sustainability Ecological Economics, 2009;68(3): 692-709. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.06.004.
  • Brewer RS. Literature Review on Carbon Footprint Collection and Analysis, CSDL Technical Report No. 2009;09-05, University of Hawai, Honolulu, USA.
  • Muthu SS, Li Y, Hu JY, Ze L. Carbon Footprint Reduction in the Textile Process Chain: Recycling of Textile Materials, Fibers and Polymers 2012;13: 1065-1070. DOI 10.1007/s12221-012-1065-0.
  • Soytas U, Sari R, Ewing BT. Energy Consumption, Income, and Carbon Emissions in The United States, Ecological Economics, 2007;62: 482-489. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.07.009>
  • Ozturk I, Acaravci A. CO2 Emission, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Turkey, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2010;14: 3220-3225. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.005>
  • Worrell E, Price L, Martin N. Energy Efficiency and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reduction Opportunities in The US Iron and Steel Sector, Energy 2001;26: 513-536. < https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(01)00017-2>
  • Kılıç Çanka F. Energy Efficiency and Emission Reduction Oppurtunities in the Industrial Boilers, Gazi University, Journal of Science Part C, 2017;5: 147-158.
  • Kedici Ö. The Formation of Energy Management System in Turk Industry and Legislation of Energy Efficiency in the Industry, 3rd National Plumbing Engineering Congress, 1997.
  • Kedici Ö. Energy Management, Ministry of Energy and Natural Sources, Republic of Turkey, General Directorate of Renewable Energy, 1993.
  • Luis P, Gerven TV, Bruggen BV. Recent Developments in membrane-based technologies for CO2 Capture, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2012; 38: 419-448. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2012.01.004>
  • NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory, Global Monitoring Division, Trend in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/, Access in May 2018.
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Publications, Building Capacity for CO2 Capture and Storage in the APEC Region, SOM Steering Committee on Economic and Technical Cooperation (SCE), Energy Working Group (EWG) Publishers, 2009. https://www.apec.org/Publications/2009/11/Building-Capacity-for-CO2-Capture-and-Storage-in-the-APEC-region-A-training-manual-for-policy-makers, Access in May 2018.
  • Wiedmann T, Minx J. A Definition of Carbon Footprint, In: Ecological Economics Research Trends (Ed. C. C. Pertsova), Nova Science Publishers, 2007, pp. 1-11. ISBN 1-60021-941-1.
  • Laurent A, Olsen SI, Hauschild MZ. Carbon Footprint as Environmental Performance indicator for the Manufacturing Industry, CIRP Annals, 2010;59: 37-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2010.03.008.
  • IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, http://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/vol2.html, Access in May 2018.
  • Brander M, Sood A, Wylie C, Haughton A, Lovell J. Electricity-Specific Emission Factors for Grid Electricity, https://ecometrica.com/assets/Electricity-specific-emission-factors-for-grid-electricity.pdf. Access in May 2018.
Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering (General)
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1806-7943
Author: Ahmet Erhan AKAN
Institution: Namık Kemal University, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4626-4741
Author: Aytaç Perihan AKAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { jes409148, journal = {Journal of Energy Systems}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2052}, address = {Erol KURT}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {57 - 69}, doi = {10.30521/jes.409148}, title = {Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory}, key = {cite}, author = {AKAN, Aytaç Perihan and AKAN, Ahmet Erhan} }
APA AKAN, A , AKAN, A . (2018). Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory. Journal of Energy Systems, 2 (2), 57-69. DOI: 10.30521/jes.409148
MLA AKAN, A , AKAN, A . "Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory". Journal of Energy Systems 2 (2018): 57-69 <http://dergipark.gov.tr/jes/issue/36568/409148>
Chicago AKAN, A , AKAN, A . "Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory". Journal of Energy Systems 2 (2018): 57-69
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory AU - Ahmet Erhan AKAN , Aytaç Perihan AKAN Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.30521/jes.409148 DO - 10.30521/jes.409148 T2 - Journal of Energy Systems JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 57 EP - 69 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - -2602-2052 M3 - doi: 10.30521/jes.409148 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.30521/jes.409148 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Energy Systems Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory %A Ahmet Erhan AKAN , Aytaç Perihan AKAN %T Potential of reduction in carbon dioxide equivalent emissions via energy efficiency for a textile factory %D 2018 %J Journal of Energy Systems %P -2602-2052 %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.30521/jes.409148 %U 10.30521/jes.409148