Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine relationships between relation-task oriented leadership, change oriented leadership styles, power usage of these kind of leaders and their effects on worker performance.
Material and Method: This study was designed as descriptive and cross-sectional. Six private hospitals classified as A group by the Ministry of Health and operating in the province of Istanbul were selected by the stratified random sampling method. 122 health workers who were working in managerial positions at that time were included in the study. Three different
questionnaire were used for data collection.
Data was collected between 17.02.2014 and 10.04.2014. Leadership style scale is a 22-item scale taking place in Özşahin, Zehir and Acars’ work called “Linking Leadership Style to Firm Performance: The Mediating Effect of The Learning Orientation” and received from Yukls’ work called “An Evaluative Essay on Current Conceptions of Effective Leadership”. The performance scale is the scale which was developed by Fuentes, Saez Montes (2004) and Rahman, Bullock (2004); adapted to Turkish by Göktaş (2004); used by Şehitler and Zehir (2010) and includes 6 questions. Power usage scale was taken from Bolelis’ (2012) study and consists of 33 question. All analyses were conducted by SPSS 13.0.
Findings: It was found that power usage of change oriented leader leads to improved performance.
Conclusion: The strongest factor on the efficiency of the organizations is workers. So, leadership is the most crucial in the management of these human behaviors in order to produce services and goods. Besides the need of visionary and constantly evolving leaders and how they affect the worker performance have become some of the most important points that need to be questioned. It was determined that the change oriented leaders affect the worker performance more than relation and task oriented.
Leadership, Power usage, Performance, Health workers